10 U.S. Code § 638 - Selective early retirement

(a)
(1) A regular officer on the active-duty list of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps may be considered for selective early retirement by a selection board convened under section 611 (b) of this title if the officer is described in any of subparagraphs (A) through (D) as follows:
(A) An officer holding the regular grade of lieutenant colonel or commander who has failed of selection for promotion to the grade of colonel or, in the case of an officer of the Navy, captain two or more times and whose name is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion.
(B) An officer holding the regular grade of colonel or, in the case of an officer of the Navy, captain who has served at least four years of active duty in that grade and whose name is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion.
(C) An officer holding the regular grade of brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) who has served at least three and one-half years of active duty in that grade and whose name is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion.
(D) An officer holding the regular grade of major general or rear admiral who has served at least three and one-half years of active duty in that grade.
(2) The Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify the number of officers described in paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B) which a selection board convened under section 611 (b) of this title may recommend for early retirement. Such number may not be more than 30 percent of the number of officers considered in each grade in each competitive category.
(3) A regular officer on the active-duty list of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps may also be considered for early retirement under the circumstances prescribed in section 638a of this title.
(b)
(1) An officer in a grade below brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) who is recommended for early retirement under this section or section 638a of this title and whose early retirement is approved by the Secretary concerned shall—
(A) be retired, under any provision of law under which he is eligible to retire, on the date requested by him and approved by the Secretary concerned, which date shall be not later than the first day of the seventh calendar month beginning after the month in which the Secretary concerned approves the report of the board which recommended the officer for early retirement; or
(B) if the officer is not eligible for retirement under any provision of law, be retained on active duty until he is qualified for retirement under section 3911, 6323, or 8911 of this title, and then be retired under that section, unless he is sooner retired or discharged under some other provision of law.
(2) An officer who holds the regular grade of brigadier general, major general, rear admiral (lower half), or rear admiral who is recommended for early retirement under this section and whose early retirement is approved by the Secretary concerned shall be retired, under any provision of law under which he is eligible to retire, on the date requested by him and approved by the Secretary concerned, which date shall be not later than the first day of the tenth calendar month beginning after the month in which the Secretary concerned approved the report of the board which recommended the officer for early retirement.
(3) The Secretary concerned may defer for not more than 90 days the retirement of an officer otherwise approved for early retirement under this section or section 638a of this title in order to prevent a personal hardship to the officer or for other humanitarian reasons. Any such deferral shall be made on a case-by-case basis considering the circumstances of the case of the particular officer concerned. The authority of the Secretary to grant such a deferral may not be delegated.
(c) So long as an officer in a grade below brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) holds the same grade, he may not be considered for early retirement under this section more than once in any five-year period.
(d) The retirement of an officer pursuant to this section shall be considered to be an involuntary retirement for purposes of any other provision of law.
(e)
(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations for the administration of this section.
(2)
(A) Such regulations shall require that when the Secretary of the military department concerned submits a list of officers to a selection board convened under section 611 (b) of this title to consider officers for selection for early retirement under this section, such list (except as provided in subparagraph (B)) shall include each officer on the active-duty list in the same grade and competitive category whose position on the active-duty list is between that of the most junior officer in that grade and competitive category whose name is submitted to the board and that of the most senior officer in that grade and competitive category whose name is submitted to the board.
(B) A list under subparagraph (A) may not include an officer in that grade and competitive category
(i) who has been approved for voluntary retirement under section 3911, 6323, or 8911 of this title, or
(ii) who is to be involuntarily retired under any provision of law during the fiscal year in which the selection board is convened or during the following fiscal year.
(C) An officer not considered by a selection board convened under section 611 (b) of this title by reason of subparagraph (B) shall be retired on the date approved for the retirement of that officer as of the convening date of such selection board unless the Secretary concerned approves a modification of such date in order to prevent a personal hardship for the officer or for other humanitarian reasons.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 96–513, title I, § 105,Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2864; amended Pub. L. 97–22, § 4(f),July 10, 1981, 95 Stat. 127; Pub. L. 97–86, title IV, § 405(b)(1),Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1105; Pub. L. 99–145, title V, § 514(b)(1),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 628; Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title V, § 504,Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1967; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title V, § 521(b)(2),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1561; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title V, § 503(a),Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1355; Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title V, § 506,Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1646; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, § 504(b),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 295.)
Amendments

1996—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 104–106added par. (3).
1993—Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 103–160inserted “(i)” after “grade and competitive category”, inserted “(ii)” after “of this title, or”, and struck out comma after “any provision of law”.
1991—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–190designated existing provisions as pars. (1) and (2)(A), in par. (2)(A) inserted “(except as provided in subparagraph (B))” after “under this section, such list”, and added subpars. (B) and (C).
1990—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 101–510, § 521(b)(2)(A), added par. (3).
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 101–510, § 521(b)(2)(B), inserted “or section 638a of this title” after “under this section”.
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–456amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows: “A regular officer on the active-duty list of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps—
“(1) who holds the regular grade of lieutenant colonel or commander and has failed of selection for promotion to the grade of colonel or, in the case of an officer of the Navy, captain two or more times and whose name is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion;
“(2) who holds the regular grade of colonel or, in the case of an officer of the Navy, captain and has served at least four years of active duty in that grade and whose name is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion;
“(3) who holds the regular grade of brigadier general or rear admiral (lower half) and has served at least three and one-half years of active duty in that grade and whose name is not on a list of officers recommended for promotion; or
“(4) who holds the regular grade of major general or rear admiral and has served at least three and one-half years of active duty in that grade,
may be considered for early retirement by a selection board convened under section 611 (b) of this title. The Secretary of the military department concerned shall specify the number of officers described in clauses (1) and (2) which such a board may recommend for early retirement, but such number may not be more than 30 percent of the number of officers considered in each grade in each competitive category.”
1985—Subsecs. (a)(3), (b), (c). Pub. L. 99–145substituted “rear admiral (lower half)” for “commodore” wherever appearing.
1981—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 97–86substituted “commodore” for “commodore admiral”.
Subsec. (a)(3), (4). Pub. L. 97–22substituted “three and one-half years of active duty” for “four years of active duty”.
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 97–86substituted “commodore” for “commodore admiral” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–86effective Sept. 15, 1981, see section 405(f) ofPub. L. 97–86, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.

 

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