(a)Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Navy may, at any time, release any member of the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve from active duty.
(b)In time of war or national emergency declared by Congress or by the President after January 1, 1953, a member of the Fleet Reserve or the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, without his consent, may be released from active duty other than from active duty for training only if—
(1)a board of officers convened at his request by an authority designated by the Secretary recommends the release and the recommendation is approved;
(2)the member does not request that a board be convened; or
(3)his release is otherwise authorized by law.
This subsection does not apply during a period of demobilization or reduction in strength of the Navy or the Marine Corps.
(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 417.)
Historical and Revision Notes
Source (U.S. Code)
Source (Statutes at Large)
34 U.S.C. 854d (3d proviso).
June 25, 1938, ch. 690, § 205 (3d proviso); added July 9, 1952, ch. 608, § 808, 66 Stat. 508.
In subsection (a) the words “or active duty for training” are omitted as covered by the term “active duty” as used in this revised title.
In subsection (b) the words “other than from active duty for training” are inserted since the term “active duty” as used in 34 U.S.C. 854d (3d proviso) does not include active duty for training. Clause (3) is inserted, since other provisions of law are necessarily exceptions to the general rule here stated. The words “or the Marine Corps” are inserted in the last sentence of subsection (b) to reflect the applicability of the section to the Fleet Marine Corps Reserve.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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