10 U.S. Code § 701 - Entitlement and accumulation

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(a) A member of an armed force is entitled to leave at the rate of 21/2 calendar days for each month of active service, excluding periods of—
(1) absence from duty without leave;
(2) absence over leave;
(3) confinement as the result of a sentence of a court-martial; and
(4) leave required to be taken under section 876a of this title.
Full-time training, or other full-time duty for a period of more than 29 days, performed under section 316, 502, 503, 504, or 505 of title 32 by a member of the Army National Guard of the United States or the Air National Guard of the United States in his status as a member of the National Guard, and for which he is entitled to pay, is active service for the purposes of this section.
(b) Except as provided in subsections (d), (f), and (g), a member may not accumulate more than 60 days’ leave. However, leave taken during a fiscal year may be charged to leave accumulated during that fiscal year without regard to this limitation.
(c) A member who retired after August 9, 1946, who is continued on, or is recalled to active duty, may have his leave which accumulated during his service before retirement carried over to his period of service after retirement.
(d) Notwithstanding subsection (b), during the period beginning on October 1, 2008, through September 30, 2015, a member may accumulate up to 75 days of leave.
(e) Leave taken before discharge is considered to be active service.
(f)
(1)
(A) The Secretary concerned, under uniform regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, may authorize a member described in subparagraph (B) who, except for this paragraph, would lose at the end of the fiscal year any accumulated leave in excess of the number of days of leave authorized to be accumulated under subsection (b) or (d), to retain an accumulated total of 120 days leave.
(B) This subsection applies to a member who—
(i) serves on active duty for a continuous period of at least 120 days in an area in which the member is entitled to special pay under section 310 (a) of title 37;
(ii) is assigned to a deployable ship or mobile unit or to other duty designated for the purpose of this section; or
(iii) on or after August 29, 2005, performs duty designated by the Secretary of Defense as qualifying duty for purposes of this subsection.
(C) Except as provided in paragraph (2), leave in excess of the days of leave authorized to be accumulated under subsection (b) or (d) that are accumulated under this paragraph is lost unless it is used by the member before the end of the third fiscal year (or fourth fiscal year, if accumulated while subsection (d) is in effect) after the fiscal year in which the continuous period of service referred to in subparagraph (B) terminated.
(2) Under the uniform regulations referred to in paragraph (1), a member of an armed force who serves on active duty in a duty assignment in support of a contingency operation during a fiscal year and who, except for this paragraph, would lose at the end of that fiscal year any accumulated leave in excess of the number of days of leave authorized to be accumulated under subsection (b) or (d), shall be permitted to retain such leave until the end of the second fiscal year after the fiscal year in which such service on active duty is terminated.
(g) A member who is in a missing status, as defined in section 551 (2) of title 37, accumulates leave without regard to the limitations in subsections (b), (d), and (f). Notwithstanding the death of a member while in a missing status, he continues to earn leave through the date—
(1) the Secretary concerned receives evidence that the member is dead; or
(2) that his death is prescribed or determined under section 555 of title 37.
Leave accumulated while in missing status shall be accounted for separately. It may not be taken, but shall be paid for under section 501 (h) of title 37. However, a member whose death is prescribed or determined under section 555 or 556 of title 37 may, in addition to leave accrued before entering a missing status, accrue not more than 150 days’ leave during the period he is in a missing status, unless his actual death occurs on a date when, had he lived, he would have accrued leave in excess of 150 days, in which event settlement will be made for the number of days accrued to the actual date of death. Leave so accrued in a missing status shall be accounted for separately and paid for under the provisions of section 501 of title 37.
(h) A member who has taken leave in excess of that authorized by this section and who is being discharged or released from active duty for the purpose of accepting an appointment or a warrant in an armed force, or of entering into an enlistment or an extension of an enlistment in an armed force, may elect to have excess leave of up to 30 days or the maximum number of days of leave that could be earned in the new term of service, whichever is less, carried over to that new term of service to count against leave that will accrue on the new term of service. A member shall be required, at the time of his discharge or release from active duty, to pay for excess leave not carried over under this subsection.
(i)
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of the armed forces adopting a child in a qualifying child adoption is allowed up to 21 days of leave in a calendar year to be used in connection with the adoption.
(2) For the purpose of this subsection, an adoption of a child by a member is a qualifying child adoption if the member is eligible for reimbursement of qualified adoption expenses for such adoption under section 1052 of this title.
(3) In the event that two members of the armed forces who are married to each other adopt a child in a qualifying child adoption, only one such member shall be allowed leave under this subsection.
(4) Leave under paragraph (1) is in addition to other leave provided under other provisions of this section.
(j)
(1) Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a married member of the armed forces on active duty whose wife gives birth to a child shall receive 10 days of leave to be used in connection with the birth of the child.
(2) Leave under paragraph (1) is in addition to other leave authorized under this section.
(k) A member of a reserve component who accumulates leave during a period of active service may carry over any leave so accumulated to the member’s next period of active service, subject to the accumulation limits in subsections (b), (d), and (f), without regard to separation or release from active service if the separation or release is under honorable conditions. The taking of leave carried over under this subsection shall be subject to the provisions of this section.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 87–649, § 3(1),Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 492; amended Pub. L. 89–151, § 3,Aug. 28, 1965, 79 Stat. 586; Pub. L. 90–245, § 1,Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 782; Pub. L. 92–596, § 1,Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1317; Pub. L. 96–579, § 10,Dec. 23, 1980, 94 Stat. 3368; Pub. L. 97–81, § 2(a),Nov. 20, 1981, 95 Stat. 1085; Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1031(a),Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 671; Pub. L. 98–525, title XIV, § 1405(18),Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2622; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title V, § 506(a),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3864; Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VI, § 638,Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1384; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title V, § 542(a),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1478; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, § 593(a), title VI, § 682,Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3280, 3321; Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title V, § 551(a)–(c), Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title V, § 532(a),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4449; Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title V, § 504,Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2277; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title V, § 516(a),Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4213; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title V, § 521,Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1722.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
701(a)
701(b)
701(c)
701(d)
701(e) 37:31a(a) (1st, 2d, and last sentences).
37:31a(b) (less proviso).
37:31a(a) (8th sentence).
37:31a(a) (3d sentence).
37:31a(a) (9th sentence). Aug. 9, 1946, ch. 931, § 3(a) (less 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th sentences), (b) (less proviso), 60 Stat. 963; Sept. 23, 1950, ch. 998, § 1, 64 Stat. 978; Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, § 23, 70A, Stat. 630.

In subsection (a), the 2d sentence of section 31a(a) of existing title 37 is omitted as inconsistent with subsection (b).
In subsection (b), the words “(other than a member on terminal leave on September 1, 1946)” and “at any time after August 31, 1946” are omitted as executed. The words “or regulation” are omitted, since a regulation cannot override a statute. The words “or have to his credit” are omitted as surplusage.
In subsections (b) and (c), the word “accrued” is omitted as covered by the word “accumulated”.
In subsection (e), the words “before or after August 9, 1946” and section 31a(a) (words after semicolon in 9th sentence) of existing title 37 are omitted as executed.
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 112–239substituted “September 30, 2015” for “September 30, 2013”.
2011—Subsec. (k). Pub. L. 111–383added subsec. (k).
2009—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–84substituted “September 30, 2013” for “December 31, 2010”.
2008—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 110–181, § 551(a)(1), substituted “subsections (d), (f), and (g)” for “subsection (f) andsubsection (g)”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–181, § 551(a)(2), added subsec. (d).
Subsec. (f)(1)(A). Pub. L. 110–181, § 551(b)(1), substituted “at the end of the fiscal year any accumulated leave in excess of the number of days of leave authorized to be accumulated under subsection (b) or (d)” for “any accumulated leave in excess of 60 days at the end of the fiscal year”.
Subsec. (f)(1)(C). Pub. L. 110–181, § 551(b)(2), substituted “the days of leave authorized to be accumulated under subsection (b) or (d) that are” for “60 days” and inserted “(or fourth fiscal year, if accumulated while subsection (d) is in effect)” after “third fiscal year”.
Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 110–181, § 551(b)(3), substituted “except for this paragraph, would lose at the end of that fiscal year any accumulated leave in excess of the number of days of leave authorized to be accumulated under subsection (b) or (d), shall be permitted to retain such leave until the end of the second fiscal year after the fiscal year in which such service on active duty is terminated” for “except for this paragraph—
“(A) would lose any accumulated leave in excess of 60 days at the end of that fiscal year, shall be permitted to retain such leave (not to exceed 90 days) until the end of the succeeding fiscal year; or
“(B) would lose any accumulated leave in excess of 60 days at the end of the succeeding fiscal year (other than by reason of subparagraph (A)), shall be permitted to retain such leave (not to exceed 90 days) until the end of the next succeeding fiscal year.”
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 110–181, § 551(c), substituted “limitations in subsections (b), (d), and (f)” for “60-day limitation in subsection (b) and the 90-day limitation in subsection (f)” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 110–417added subsec. (j).
2006—Subsec. (f)(1)(B). Pub. L. 109–163, § 682, amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “This subsection applies to a member who serves on active duty for a continuous period of at least 120 days—
“(i) in an area in which the member is entitled to special pay under section 310 (a) of title 37; or
“(ii) while assigned to a deployable ship or mobile unit or to other duty comparable to that specified in clause (i) that is designated for the purpose of this subsection.”
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 109–163, § 593(a), added subsec. (i).
2003—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 108–136amended par. (1) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (1) read as follows: “Under uniform regulations to be prescribed by the Secretary concerned, and approved by the Secretary of Defense, a member who serves on active duty for a continuous period of at least 120 days in an area in which he is entitled to special pay under section 310 (a) of title 37 or a member assigned to a deployable ship, mobile unit, or to other duty designated for the purpose of this section, may accumulate 90 days’ leave. Except as provided in paragraph (2), leave in excess of 60 days accumulated under this subsection is lost unless it is used by the member before the end of the third fiscal year after the fiscal year in which the service terminated.”
1991—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–190designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “Except as provided in paragraph (2), leave” for “Leave” in last sentence, and added par. (2).
1986—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 99–661added subsec. (h).
1984—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 98–525substituted “60-day” for “sixty-day”, “90-day” for “ninety-day”, and “150” for “one hundred and fifty” in two places.
1983—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98–94substituted “the end of the third fiscal year” for “the end of the fiscal year”.
1981—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 97–81, § 2(a)(1), struck out “and” at end of par. (2).
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 97–81, § 2(a)(2), substituted “; and” for a period at end of par. (3).
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 97–81, § 2(a)(3), added par. (4).
1980—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–579authorized accumulation of leave for service as a member assigned to a deployable ship, mobile unit, or to other duty designated for the purpose of this section.
1972—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 92–596, § 1(1), inserted reference to subsec. (g).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 92–596, § 1(2), added subsec. (g).
1968—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–245, § 1(1), inserted reference to subsec. (f).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 90–245, § 1(2), added subsec. (f).
1965—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 89–151repealed subsec. (d) which provided that accumulated leave did not survive the death of a member during active service.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title V, § 532(b),Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4449, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 14, 2008] and applies only with respect to children born on or after that date.”
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, § 593(b),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3281, provided that: “Subsection (i) ofsection 701 of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), shall take effect on January 1, 2006, and shall apply only with respect to adoptions completed on or after that date.”
Effective Date of 2003 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title V, § 542(b),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1478, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on October 1, 2003, or the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 24, 2003], whichever is later.”
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–94, title X, § 1031(b)(1), (2),Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 671, provided that:
“(1) The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 24, 1983] and shall apply to leave accumulated under section 701(f) of such title [this title] after September 30, 1980.
“(2) A member of the Armed Forces who was authorized under section 701(f) of such title to accumulate 90 days’ leave during fiscal year 1980, 1981, or 1982 and lost any leave at the end of fiscal year 1981, 1982, or 1983, respectively, because of the provisions of the last sentence of such section, as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act, shall be credited with the amount of the leave lost and may retain leave in excess of 60 days until (A) September 30, 1984, or (B) the end of the third fiscal year after the year in which such leave was accumulated, whichever is later, but in no case may such a member accumulate leave in excess of 90 days.”
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–81to take effect at the end of the 60-day period beginning on Nov. 20, 1981, and to apply to each member whose sentence by court-martial is approved on or after Jan. 20, 1982, under section 864 or 865 of this title by the officer exercising general court-martial jurisdiction under the provisions of such section as it existed on the day before the effective date of the Military Justice Act of 1983 (Pub. L. 98–209), or under section 860 of this title by the officer empowered to act on the sentence on or after that effective date, see section 7(a) and (b)(1) ofPub. L. 97–81, set out as an Effective Date note under section 706 of this title.
Effective Date of 1972 Amendment

Pub. L. 92–596, § 3,Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1318, provided that: “The first and second sections of this Act [amending this section and section 501 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services] become effective as of February 28, 1961.”
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Pub. L. 90–245, § 2,Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 782, provided that: “Section 1 of this Act [amending this section] applies only to active duty performed after January 1, 1968.”
Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–151effective only in the case of members who die on or after Aug. 28, 1965, see section 4 ofPub. L. 89–151, set out as a note under section 501 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.
Effective Date

Section effective Nov. 1, 1962, see section 15 ofPub. L. 87–649, set out as a note preceding section 101 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Authority vested by this chapter in “military departments”, “the Secretary concerned”, or “the Secretary of Defense” to be exercised, with respect to commissioned officer corps of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, by Secretary of Commerce or Secretary’s designee, see section 3071 of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters.
Public Health Service

Authority vested by this chapter in “military departments”, “the Secretary concerned”, or “the Secretary of Defense” to be exercised, with respect to commissioned officers of Public Health Service, by Secretary of Health and Human Services or his designee, see section 213a of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
Accumulation of Leave After September 30, 1980, Pursuant to Subsection (f)

Pub. L. 97–39, title VII, § 702,Aug. 14, 1981, 95 Stat. 943, provided that: “The amendment made by section 10 of the Military Pay and Allowances Benefits Act of 1980 (Public Law 96–579; 94 Stat. 3368) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to the accumulation of leave by members of the Armed Forces who after September 30, 1979, are assigned (1) to a deployable ship or mobile unit, or (2) to other duty designated after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 1981] as duty qualifying for the purpose of section 701 (f) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by that amendment.”
For savings provision extending period for which certain accrued leave under subsec. (f) of this section may be retained by members of Armed Forces, see section 1115 ofPub. L. 101–510, set out as a Treatment of Accumulated Leave note under section 501 of Title 37, Pay and Allowances of the Uniformed Services.

 

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