10 U.S. Code § 829 - Art. 29. Absent and additional members

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(a) No member of a general or special court-martial may be absent or excused after the court has been assembled for the trial of the accused unless excused as a result of a challenge, excused by the military judge for physical disability or other good cause, or excused by order of the convening authority for good cause.
(b)
(1) Whenever a general court-martial, other than a general court-martial composed of a military judge only, is reduced below the applicable minimum number of members, the trial may not proceed unless the convening authority details new members sufficient in number to provide not less than the applicable minimum number of members. The trial may proceed with the new members present after the recorded evidence previously introduced before the members of the court has been read to the court in the presence of the military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.
(2) In this section, the term “applicable minimum number of members” means five members or, in a case in which the death penalty may be adjudged, the number of members determined under section 825a of this title (article 25a).
(c) Whenever a special court-martial, other than a special court-martial composed of a military judge only, is reduced below three members, the trial may not proceed unless the convening authority details new members sufficient in number to provide not less than three members. The trial shall proceed with the new members present as if no evidence had previously been introduced at the trial, unless a verbatim record of the evidence previously introduced before the members of the court or a stipulation thereof is read to the court in the presence of the military judge, if any, the accused and counsel for both sides.
(d) If the military judge of a court-martial composed of a military judge only is unable to proceed with the trial because of physical disability, as a result of a challenge, or for other good cause, the trial shall proceed, subject to any applicable conditions of section 816 (1)(B) or (2)(C) of this title (article 16(1)(B) or (2)(C)), after the detail of a new military judge as if no evidence had previously been introduced, unless a verbatim record of the evidence previously introduced or a stipulation thereof is read in court in the presence of the new military judge, the accused, and counsel for both sides.

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 47; Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(11),Oct. 24, 1968, 82 Stat. 1337; Pub. L. 98–209, § 3(d),Dec. 6, 1983, 97 Stat. 1394; Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title V, § 582(c),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1124.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
829(a)
829(b) 50:593(a).
50:593(b). May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 29), 64 Stat. 117.
829(c) 50:593(c).

In subsections (a), (b), and (c), the word “may” is substituted for the word “shall”.
In subsections (b) and (c), the word “details” is substituted for the word “appoints”, since the filling of the position involved is not appointment to an office in the constitutional sense.
Amendments

2001—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–107designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “the applicable minimum number of members” for “five members” in two places, and added par. (2).
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–209substituted “unless excused as a result of a challenge, excused by the military judge for physical disability or other good cause, or excused by order of the convening authority for good cause” for “except for physical disability or as a result of a challenge or by order of the convening authority for good cause”.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(11)(A), substituted “court has been assembled for the trial of the accused” for “accused has been arraigned”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(11)(B), inserted reference to court-martial composed of a military judge alone, struck out reference to oath of members, and inserted provisions requiring that only the evidence which has been introduced before members of the court be read to the court and that all evidence, not merely testimony, be included.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(11)(C), inserted reference to court-martial composed of a military judge alone, struck out reference to oath of members, and substituted evidence previously introduced for testimony of previously examined witnesses as the body of evidence which the verbatim record must cover.
Subsec. (d)Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(11)(D), added subsec. (d).
Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–107applicable with respect to offenses committed after Dec. 31, 2002, see section 582(d) ofPub. L. 107–107, set out as a note under section 816 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–209effective first day of eighth calendar month beginning after Dec. 6, 1983, see section 12(a)(1) ofPub. L. 98–209, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–632effective first day of tenth month following October 1968, see section 4 ofPub. L. 90–632, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.

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32 CFR - National Defense

32 CFR Part 143 - DOD POLICY ON ORGANIZATIONS THAT SEEK TO REPRESENT OR ORGANIZE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN NEGOTIATION OR COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

 

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