10 U.S. Code § 843 - Art. 43. Statute of limitations

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(a) A person charged with absence without leave or missing movement in time of war, with murder, rape or sexual assault, or rape or sexual assault of a child, or with any other offense punishable by death, may be tried and punished at any time without limitation.
(b)
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section (article), a person charged with an offense is not liable to be tried by court-martial if the offense was committed more than five years before the receipt of sworn charges and specifications by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command.
(2)
(A) A person charged with having committed a child abuse offense against a child is liable to be tried by court-martial if the sworn charges and specifications are received during the life of the child or within five years after the date on which the offense was committed, whichever provides a longer period, by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction with respect to that person.
(B) In subparagraph (A), the term “child abuse offense” means an act that involves abuse of a person who has not attained the age of 16 years and constitutes any of the following offenses:
(i) Any offense in violation of section 920, 920a, 920b, or 920c of this title (article 120, 120a, 120b, or 120c), unless the offense is covered by subsection (a).
(ii) Maiming in violation of section 924 of this title (article 124).
(iii) Sodomy in violation of section 925 of this title (article 125).
(iv) Aggravated assault or assault consummated by a battery in violation of section 928 of this title (article 128).
(v) Kidnaping, assault with intent to commit murder, voluntary manslaughter, rape, or sodomy, or indecent acts in violation of section 934 of this title (article 134).
(C) In subparagraph (A), the term “child abuse offense” includes an act that involves abuse of a person who has not attained the age of 18 years and would constitute an offense under chapter 110 or 117 of title 18 or under section 1591 of that title.
(3) A person charged with an offense is not liable to be punished under section 815 of this title (article 15) if the offense was committed more than two years before the imposition of punishment.
(c) Periods in which the accused is absent without authority or fleeing from justice shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in this section (article).
(d) Periods in which the accused was absent from territory in which the United States has the authority to apprehend him, or in the custody of civil authorities, or in the hands of the enemy, shall be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in this article.
(e) For an offense the trial of which in time of war is certified to the President by the Secretary concerned to be detrimental to the prosecution of the war or inimical to the national security, the period of limitation prescribed in this article is extended to six months after the termination of hostilities as proclaimed by the President or by a joint resolution of Congress.
(f) When the United States is at war, the running of any statute of limitations applicable to any offense under this chapter—
(1) involving fraud or attempted fraud against the United States or any agency thereof in any manner, whether by conspiracy or not;
(2) committed in connection with the acquisition, care, handling, custody, control, or disposition of any real or personal property of the United States; or
(3) committed in connection with the negotiation, procurement, award, performance, payment, interim financing, cancellation, or other termination or settlement, of any contract, subcontract, or purchase order which is connected with or related to the prosecution of the war, or with any disposition of termination inventory by any war contractor or Government agency;
is suspended until three years after the termination of hostilities as proclaimed by the President or by a joint resolution of Congress.
(g)
(1) If charges or specifications are dismissed as defective or insufficient for any cause and the period prescribed by the applicable statute of limitations—
(A) has expired; or
(B) will expire within 180 days after the date of dismissal of the charges and specifications,
trial and punishment under new charges and specifications are not barred by the statute of limitations if the conditions specified in paragraph (2) are met.
(2) The conditions referred to in paragraph (1) are that the new charges and specifications must—
(A) be received by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command within 180 days after the dismissal of the charges or specifications; and
(B) allege the same acts or omissions that were alleged in the dismissed charges or specifications (or allege acts or omissions that were included in the dismissed charges or specifications).

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 51; Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title VIII, § 805(a), (b),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3908; Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title V, § 551,Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1481; Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, §§ 552(e), 553,Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3263, 3264; Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title X, § 1071(a)(4),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2398; Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, § 1075(b)(14),Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4369; Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, § 541(d)(1),Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1410; Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1076(f)(8),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1952; Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XVII, § 1703(a), (b),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 958.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
843(a)
843(b) 50:618(a).
50:618(b). May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 43), 64 Stat. 121.
843(c) 50:618(c).
843(d) 50:618(d).
843(e) 50:618(e).
843(f) 50:618(f).

In subsection (b), the word “inclusive” is omitted as surplusage.
In subsections (b) and (c), the words “is not” are substituted for the words “shall not be”.
In subsection (e), the words “For an” are substituted for the words “In the case of any”. The word “is” is substituted for the words “shall be”. The words “Secretary concerned” are substituted for the words “Secretary of the Department”.
In subsection (f), the word “is” is substituted for the words “shall be”.
Amendments

2013—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–66, § 1703(a), substituted “rape or sexual assault, or rape or sexual assault of a child” for “rape, or rape of a child”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 113–66, § 1703(b), inserted “, unless the offense is covered by subsection (a)” before period at end.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(v). Pub. L. 112–239substituted “Kidnaping,” for “Kidnaping,,”.
2011—Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 112–81, § 541(d)(1)(A), substituted “section 920, 920a, 920b, or 920c of this title (article 120, 120a, 120b, or 120c)” for “section 920 of this title (article 120)”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(v). Pub. L. 112–81, § 541(d)(1)(B), struck out “indecent assault” after “Kidnaping,” and “or liberties with a child” after “indecent acts”.
Pub. L. 111–383substituted “Kidnaping, indecent assault,” for “Kidnaping; indecent assault;”.
2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–163, § 553(a), substituted “with murder or rape, or with any other offense punishable by death” for “or with any offense punishable by death”.
Pub. L. 109–163, § 552(e), substituted “, rape, or rape of a child,” for “or rape,”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 109–163, § 553(b)(1), substituted “during the life of the child or within five years after the date on which the offense was committed, whichever provides a longer period,” for “before the child attains the age of 25 years”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B). Pub. L. 109–163, § 553(b)(2)(A), struck out “sexual or physical” before “abuse of a person” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 109–163, § 553(b)(2)(B), substituted “Any offense” for “Rape or carnal knowledge”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 109–364, § 1071(a)(4)(A), substituted “125” for “126”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(v). Pub. L. 109–163, § 553(b)(2)(C), substituted “Kidnaping; indecent assault;” for “Indecent assault,”.
Subsec. (b)(2)(C). Pub. L. 109–364, § 1071(a)(4)(B), substituted “under chapter 110 or 117 of title 18 or under section 1591 of that title” for “under chapter 110 or 117, or under section 1591, of title 18”.
Pub. L. 109–163, § 553(b)(3), added subpar. (C).
2003—Subsec. (b)(2), (3). Pub. L. 108–136added par. (2) and redesignated former par. (2) as (3).
1986—Subsecs. (a) to (c). Pub. L. 99–661, § 805(a), amended subsecs. (a) to (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsecs. (a) to (c) read as follows:
“(a) A person charged with desertion or absence without leave in time of war, or with aiding the enemy, mutiny, or murder, may be tried and punished at any time without limitation.
“(b) Except as otherwise provided in this article, a person charged with desertion in time of peace or any of the offenses punishable under sections 919–932 of this title (articles 119–132) is not liable to be tried by court-martial if the offense was committed more than three years before the receipt of sworn charges and specifications by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command.
“(c) Except as otherwise provided in this article, a person charged with any offense is not liable to be tried by court-martial or punished under section 815 of this title (article 15) if the offense was committed more than two years before the receipt of sworn charges and specifications by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command or before the imposition of punishment under section 815 of this title (article 15).”
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 99–661, § 805(b), added subsec. (g).
Effective Date of 2013 Amendment

Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XVII, § 1703(c),Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 958, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 26, 2013], and shall apply with respect to an offense covered by section 920 (b) or 920b (b) of title 10, United States Code (article 120(b) or 120b(b) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), that is committed on or after that date.”
Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title V, § 541(f),Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1411, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting sections 920b and 920c of this title and amending this section and sections 918 and 920 of this title] shall take effect 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 31, 2011] and shall apply with respect to offenses committed on or after such effective date.”
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title V, § 552(f),Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3263, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 918 and 920 of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 920 of this title] shall take effect on October 1, 2007.”
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title VIII, § 805(c),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3908, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to an offense committed on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 14, 1986].”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

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10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 8432013113-66 [Sec.] 1703(a), (b)127 Stat. 958
§ 843nt new2013113-66 [Sec.] 1703(c)127 Stat. 958
§ 8432012112-239 [Sec.] 1076(f)(8)126 Stat. 1952

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