10 U.S. Code § 857 - Art. 57. Effective date of sentences

(a)
(1) Any forfeiture of pay or allowances or reduction in grade that is included in a sentence of a court-martial takes effect on the earlier of—
(A) the date that is 14 days after the date on which the sentence is adjudged; or
(B) the date on which the sentence is approved by the convening authority.
(2) On application by an accused, the convening authority may defer a forfeiture of pay or allowances or reduction in grade that would otherwise become effective under paragraph (1)(A) until the date on which the sentence is approved by the convening authority. Such a deferment may be rescinded at any time by the convening authority.
(3) A forfeiture of pay or allowances shall be applicable to pay and allowances accruing on and after the date on which the sentence takes effect.
(4) In this subsection, the term “convening authority”, with respect to a sentence of a court-martial, means any person authorized to act on the sentence under section 860 of this title (article 60).
(b) Any period of confinement included in a sentence of a court-martial begins to run from the date the sentence is adjudged by the court-martial, but periods during which the sentence to confinement is suspended or deferred shall be excluded in computing the service of the term of confinement.
(c) All other sentences of courts-martial are effective on the date ordered executed.

Source

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 56; Pub. L. 90–632, § 2(24),Oct. 24, 1968, 82 Stat. 1341; Pub. L. 98–209, § 5(f),Dec. 6, 1983, 97 Stat. 1400; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, § 1064,Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2505; Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XI, §§ 1121(a), 1123 (a)(1), (2),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 462–464.)

Historical and Revision Notes
Revised section Source (U.S. Code) Source (Statutes at Large)
857(a)
857(b) 50:638(a).
50:638(b). May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 57), 64 Stat. 126.
857(c) 50:638(c).

In subsection (a), the word “may” is substituted for the word “shall”.
In subsection (b), the word “begins” is substituted for the words “shall begin”.
In subsection (c), the word “are” is substituted for the words “shall become”.
Amendments

1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–106, § 1121(a), amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows: “No forfeiture may extend to any pay or allowances accrued before the date on which the sentence is approved by the person acting under section 860 (c) of this title (article 60(c)).”
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 104–106, § 1123(a)(1), (2), redesignatedsubsecs. (d) and (e) assection 857a (a) and (b), respectively, of this title.
1992—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 102–484added subsec. (e).
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–209substituted provision that no forfeiture may extend to any pay or allowances accrued before the date on which the sentence is approved by the person acting under section 860 (c) of this title, for provision that whenever a sentence of a court-martial as lawfully adjudged and approved included a forfeiture of pay or allowances in addition to confinement not suspended or deferred, the forfeiture could apply to pay or allowances becoming due on or after the date the sentence was approved by the convening authority, and that no forfeiture could extend to any pay or allowances accrued before that date.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–632inserted reference to deferral of sentence of confinement.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–632inserted reference to deferral of sentence of confinement.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 90–632added subsec. (d).
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XI, § 1121(b),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 462, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to a case in which a sentence is adjudged by a court-martial on or after the first day of the first month that begins at least 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 10, 1996].”
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–484effective Oct. 23, 1992, and applicable with respect to offenses committed on or after that date, see section 1067 ofPub. L. 102–484, set out as a note under section 803 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–209effective first day of eighth calendar month beginning after Dec. 6, 1983, but not to apply to any case in which the findings and sentence were adjudged by a court-martial before that date, and the proceedings in any such case to be held in the same manner and with the same effect as if such amendments had not been enacted, see section 12(a)(1), (4) ofPub. L. 98–209, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–632effective first day of tenth month following October 1968, see section 4 ofPub. L. 90–632, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

10 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


32 CFR - National Defense

32 CFR Part 143 - DOD POLICY ON ORGANIZATIONS THAT SEEK TO REPRESENT OR ORGANIZE MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN NEGOTIATION OR COLLECTIVE BARGAINING

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.