10 U.S. Code § 863 - Art. 63. Rehearings
Each rehearing under this chapter shall take place before a court-martial composed of members not members of the court-martial which first heard the case. Upon a rehearing the accused may not be tried for any offense of which he was found not guilty by the first court-martial, and no sentence in excess of or more severe than the original sentence may be approved, unless the sentence is based upon a finding of guilty of an offense not considered upon the merits in the original proceedings, or unless the sentence prescribed for the offense is mandatory. If the sentence approved after the first court-martial was in accordance with a pretrial agreement and the accused at the rehearing changes his plea with respect to the charges or specifications upon which the pretrial agreement was based, or otherwise does not comply with the pretrial agreement, the approved sentence as to those charges or specifications may include any punishment not in excess of that lawfully adjudged at the first court-martial.
Source(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 58; Pub. L. 98–209, § 5(d),Dec. 6, 1983, 97 Stat. 1398; Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title X, § 1065,Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2506.)
|Revised section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|50:650(b).||May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 63), 64 Stat. 127.|
In subsection (a), the words “In such a” are substituted for the words “in which”.
In subsection (b), the word “Each” is substituted for the word “Every”. The word “may” is substituted for the word “shall” in the second sentence.
1992—Pub. L. 102–484substituted “approved” for “imposed” in second sentence and inserted “approved” before last reference to “sentence” in third sentence.
1983—Pub. L. 98–209struck out subsec. (a) which provided that if the convening authority disapproved the findings and sentence of a court-martial he could, except where there was lack of sufficient evidence in the record to support the findings, order a rehearing, stating the reasons for disapproval, and that if he disapproved the findings without reordering a rehearing, he had to dismiss the charges, and redesignated former subsec. (b) as entire section, and, as so redesignated, inserted “under this chapter” after “Each rehearing”, and inserted provision that if the sentence approved after the first court-martial was in accordance with a pretrial agreement and the accused at the rehearing changes his plea with respect to the charges or specifications upon which the pretrial agreement was based, or otherwise does not comply with the pretrial agreement, the sentence as to those charges or specifications may include any punishment not in excess of that lawfully adjudged at the first court-martial.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 102–484effective Oct. 23, 1992, and applicable with respect to offenses committed on or after that date, see section 1067 ofPub. L. 102–484, set out as a note under section 803 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–209effective first day of eighth calendar month beginning after Dec. 6, 1983, but not to apply to any case in which the findings and sentence were adjudged by a court-martial before that date, and the proceedings in any such case to be held in the same manner and with the same effect as if such amendments had not been enacted, see section 12(a)(1), (4) ofPub. L. 98–209, set out as a note under section 801 of this title.
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