10 U.S. Code § 876b - Art. 76b. Lack of mental capacity or mental responsibility: commitment of accused for examination and treatment
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(a) Persons Incompetent To Stand Trial.—
(1) In the case of a person determined under this chapter to be presently suffering from a mental disease or defect rendering the person mentally incompetent to the extent that the person is unable to understand the nature of the proceedings against that person or to conduct or cooperate intelligently in the defense of the case, the general court-martial convening authority for that person shall commit the person to the custody of the Attorney General.
(3) If at the end of the period for hospitalization provided for in section 4241 (d) of title 18, it is determined that the committed person’s mental condition has not so improved as to permit the trial to proceed, action shall be taken in accordance with section 4246 of such title.
(A) When the director of a facility in which a person is hospitalized pursuant to paragraph (2) determines that the person has recovered to such an extent that the person is able to understand the nature of the proceedings against the person and to conduct or cooperate intelligently in the defense of the case, the director shall promptly transmit a notification of that determination to the Attorney General and to the general court-martial convening authority for the person. The director shall send a copy of the notification to the person’s counsel.
(B) Upon receipt of a notification, the general court-martial convening authority shall promptly take custody of the person unless the person covered by the notification is no longer subject to this chapter. If the person is no longer subject to this chapter, the Attorney General shall take any action within the authority of the Attorney General that the Attorney General considers appropriate regarding the person.
(5) In the application of section 4246 of title 18 to a case under this subsection, references to the court that ordered the commitment of a person, and to the clerk of such court, shall be deemed to refer to the general court-martial convening authority for that person. However, if the person is no longer subject to this chapter at a time relevant to the application of such section to the person, the United States district court for the district where the person is hospitalized or otherwise may be found shall be considered as the court that ordered the commitment of the person.
(b) Persons Found Not Guilty by Reason of Lack of Mental Responsibility.—
(1) If a person is found by a court-martial not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility, the person shall be committed to a suitable facility until the person is eligible for release in accordance with this section.
(2) The court-martial shall conduct a hearing on the mental condition in accordance with subsection (c) ofsection 4243 of title 18. Subsections (b) and (d) of that section shall apply with respect to the hearing.
(3) A report of the results of the hearing shall be made to the general court-martial convening authority for the person.
(4) If the court-martial fails to find by the standard specified in subsection (d) ofsection 4243 of title 18 that the person’s release would not create a substantial risk of bodily injury to another person or serious damage of property of another due to a present mental disease or defect—
(A) the general court-martial convening authority may commit the person to the custody of the Attorney General; and
(5) Subsections (f), (g), and (h) ofsection 4243 of title 18 shall apply in the case of a person hospitalized pursuant to paragraph (4)(B), except that the United States district court for the district where the person is hospitalized shall be considered as the court that ordered the person’s commitment.
(c) General Provisions.—
(1) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection and subsection (d)(1), the provisions of section 4247 of title 18 apply in the administration of this section.
(1) The provisions of chapter 313 of title 18 referred to in this section apply according to the provisions of this section notwithstanding section 4247 (j) of title 18.
(2) If the status of a person as described in section 802 of this title (article 2) terminates while the person is, pursuant to this section, in the custody of the Attorney General, hospitalized, or on conditional release under a prescribed regimen of medical, psychiatric, or psychological care or treatment, the provisions of this section establishing requirements and procedures regarding a person no longer subject to this chapter shall continue to apply to that person notwithstanding the change of status.
Source(Added Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XI, § 1133(a)(1),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 464.)
Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title XI, § 1133(c),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 466, provided that: “Section 876b of title 10, United States Code (article 76b of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added by subsection (a), shall take effect at the end of the six-month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 10, 1996] and shall apply with respect to charges referred to courts-martial after the end of that period.”
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