10 U.S. Code § 9712 - Disposition of effects of deceased persons by summary court-martial
(a) Upon the death of—
(1) a person subject to military law at a place or command under the jurisdiction of the Air Force; or
(2) a resident of the Armed Forces Retirement Home who dies in an Air Force hospital outside the District of Columbia when sent from the Home to that hospital for treatment;
the commanding officer of the place or command shall permit the legal representative or the surviving spouse of the deceased, if present, to take possession of the effects of the deceased that are then at the air base or in quarters.
(b) If there is no legal representative or surviving spouse present, the commanding officer shall direct a summary court-martial to collect the effects of the deceased that are then at the air base or in quarters.
(c) The summary court-martial may collect debts due the decedent’s estate by local debtors, pay undisputed local creditors of the deceased to the extent permitted by money of the deceased in the court’s possession, and shall take receipts for those payments, to be filed with the court’s final report to the Department of the Air Force.
(d) As soon as practicable after the collection of the effects and money of the deceased, the summary court-martial shall send them at the expense of the United States to the living person highest on the following list who can be found by the court:
(e) If the summary court-martial cannot dispose of the effects under subsection (d) because there are no persons in those categories or because the court finds that the addresses of the persons are not known or readily ascertainable, the court may convert the effects of the deceased, except sabers, insignia, decorations, medals, watches, trinkets, manuscripts, and other articles valuable chiefly as keepsakes, into cash, by public or private sale, but not until 30 days after the date of death of the deceased.
(f) As soon as practicable after the effects have been converted into cash under subsection (e), the summary court-martial shall deposit all cash in the court’s possession and belonging to the estate with the officer designated in regulations, and shall send a receipt therefor, together with any will or other papers of value, an inventory of the effects and articles not permitted to be sold, to the executive part of the Department of the Air Force. The Secretary of the Air Force shall deliver to the Armed Forces Retirement Home all items received by the executive part of the Department of the Air Force under this subsection.
Source(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 585; Pub. L. 89–718, § 48,Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1121; Pub. L. 96–513, title V, § 514(19),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2936; Pub. L. 99–145, title XIII, § 1301(d)(4)(A),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 736; Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XV, § 1533(a)(9),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1735; Pub. L. 104–316, title II, § 202(g),Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3842.)
|Revised section||Source (U.S. Code)||Source (Statutes at Large)|
|9712(b)||5:150j (words before 1st semicolon of 1st par.; and last par.).|
|5:150j (22 words after 1st semicolon of 1st par.).||June 4, 1920, ch. 227, subch. II, § 1 (Art. 112), 41 Stat. 809; May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 6(c), 64 Stat. 145.|
|9712(c)||5:150j (words between 1st and 2d semicolons of 1st par., less 1st 22 words).|
|9712(d)||5:150j (words between 2d and 3d semicolons of 1st par.).|
|9712(e)||5:150j (words between 3d and 4th semicolons of 1st par.).|
|9712(f)||5:150j (1st par., less words before 4th semicolon, and less last 40 words).|
|9712(g)||5:150j (last 40 words of 1st par.).|
In subsection (a), the words “the court-martial jurisdiction of the Air Force or the Army at a place or command under the jurisdiction of the Air Force” are substituted for the words “military law”, to reflect the creation of a separate Air Force. Clause (2) is substituted for 5:150j (last par.).
In subsections (a), (b), and (c), the words “surviving spouse” are substituted for the word “widow”.
In subsection (c), the word “may” is substituted for the words “shall have authority to”. The words “to the extent permitted” are substituted for the words “in so far as * * * will permit”. The words “under this article” and “upon its transactions” are omitted as surplusage.
In subsection (d), the words “through the Quartermaster Corps” are omitted, since the Air Force does not have organic corps created by statute. The words “if such be found by said court” are omitted as surplusage. The words “United States” are substituted for the word “Government”. 5:150j (19 words before 3d semicolon of 1st par.) is omitted as covered by subsection (g).
In subsection (e), the first 37 words are substituted for 5:150j (33 words after 3d semicolon of 1st par.). The word “may” is substituted for the word “shall have the authority”.
In subsection (f), the words “Soldiers’ Home” are inserted, since, as provided in section 9713 of this title, the Home is now the place where the mentioned articles are sent.
1996—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 104–316struck out subsec. (g) which read as follows: “The summary court-martial shall make a full report of the transactions under this section, with respect to the deceased, to the Department of the Air Force for transmission to the General Accounting Office for action authorized in the settlement of accounts of deceased members of the Air Force.”
1990—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–510, § 1533(a)(9)(A), substituted “a resident of the Armed Forces Retirement Home” for “an inmate of the United States Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–510, § 1533(a)(9)(B), struck out “for transmission to the United States Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home” after “Department of the Air Force” and inserted at end “The Secretary of the Air Force shall deliver to the Armed Forces Retirement Home all items received by the executive part of the Department of the Air Force under this subsection.”
1985—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 99–145substituted pars. (1) to (6) for former pars. (1) to (9) which read as follows:
“(1) Surviving spouse or legal representative.
“(4) Father, if he has not abandoned the support of his family.
“(8) Next of kin.
“(9) Beneficiary named in the will of the deceased.”
1980—Subsecs. (a)(2), (f). Pub. L. 96–513substituted “United States Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home” for “Soldiers’ Home”.
1966—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 89–718substituted “military law” for “the court-martial jurisdiction of the Air Force or the Army”.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 101–510effective one year after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 1541 ofPub. L. 101–510, formerly set out as an Effective Date note under section 401 of Title 24, Hospitals and Asylums.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
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