10 U.S. Code Subtitle A - General Military Law

Chap. Sec. 1. Definitions 101 2. Department of Defense 111 3. General Powers and Functions 121 4. Office of the Secretary of Defense 131 5. Joint Chiefs of Staff 151 6. Combatant Commands 161 7. Boards, Councils, and Committees 171 8. Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities 191 9. Defense Budget Matters 221 11. Reserve Components 261 13. The Militia 311 15. Insurrection 331 17. Arming of American Vessels 351 18. Military Support for Civilian Law Enforcement Agencies 371 20. Humanitarian and Other Assistance 401 21. Department of Defense Intelligence Matters 421 22. National Geospatial  -  Intelligence Agency 441 23. Miscellaneous Studies and Reports 480 24. Nuclear posture  [1] 491 PART II—PERSONNEL31. Enlistments 501 32. Officer Strength and Distribution in Grade 521 33. Original Appointments of Regular Officers in Grades Above Warrant Officer Grades 531 33A. Appointment, Promotion, and Involuntary Separation and Retirement for Members on the Warrant Officer Active-Duty List 571 34. Appointments as Reserve Officers 591 35. Temporary Appointments in Officer Grades 601 36. Promotion, Separation, and Involuntary Retirement of Officers on the Active-Duty List 611 37. General Service Requirements 651 38. Joint Officer Management 661 39. Active Duty 671 40. Leave 701 41. Special Appointments, Assignments, Details, and Duties 711 43. Rank and Command 741 45. The Uniform 771 47. Uniform Code of Military Justice 801 47A. Military Commissions 948a 48. Military Correctional Facilities 951 49. Miscellaneous Prohibitions and Penalties 971 50. Miscellaneous Command Responsibilities 991 51. Reserve Components: Standards and Procedures for Retention and Promotion 1001 53. Miscellaneous Rights and Benefits 1030 54. Commissary and Exchange Benefits 1061 55. Medical and Dental Care 1071 56. Department of Defense Medicare-Eligible Retiree Health Care Fund 1111 57. Decorations and Awards 1121 58. Benefits and Services for Members Being Separated or Recently Separated 1141 59. Separation 1161 60. Separation of Regular Officers for Substandard Performance of Duty or for Certain Other Reasons 1181 61. Retirement or Separation for Physical Disability 1201 63. Retirement for Age 1251 65. Retirement of Warrant Officers for Length of Service 1293 67. Retired Pay for Non-Regular Service 1331 69. Retired Grade 1370 71. Computation of Retired Pay 1401 73. Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay 1431 74. Department of Defense Military Retirement Fund 1461 75. Deceased Personnel 1471 76. Missing Persons 1501 77. Posthumous Commissions and Warrants 1521 79. Correction of Military Records 1551 80. Miscellaneous Investigation Requirements and Other Duties 1561 81. Civilian Employees 1580 83. Civilian Defense Intelligence Employees 1601 [85. Repealed.] 87. Defense Acquisition Workforce 1701 88. Military Family Programs and Military Child Care 1781 [89. Repealed.] PART III—TRAINING AND EDUCATION101. Training Generally 2001 102. Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps 2031 103. Senior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps 2101 104. Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences 2112 105. Armed Forces Health Professions Financial Assistance Programs 2120 106. Educational Assistance for Members of the Selected Reserve 2131 106A. Educational Assistance for Persons Enlisting for Active Duty 2141 107. Professional Military Education 2151 108. Department of Defense Schools 2161 109. Educational Loan Repayment Programs 2171 110. Educational Assistance for Members Held as Captives and Their Dependents 2181 111. Support of Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education 2191 112. Information Security Scholarship Program 2200 PART IV—SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT131. Planning and Coordination 2201 133. Facilities for Reserve Components 2231 134. Miscellaneous Administrative Provisions 2241 135. Space Programs 2271 136. Provisions Relating to Specific Programs 2281 137. Procurement Generally 2301 138. Cooperative Agreements with NATO Allies and Other Countries 2341 139. Research and Development 2351 140. Procurement of Commercial Items 2375 141. Miscellaneous Procurement Provisions 2381 142. Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement Program 2411 143. Production by Military Agencies 2421 144. Major Defense Acquisition Programs 2430 144A. Major Automated Information System Programs 2445a 145. Cataloging and Standardization 2451 146. Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or Industrial Type Functions 2460 147. Commissaries and Exchanges and Other Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities 2481 148. National Defense Technology and Industrial Base, Defense Reinvestment, and Defense Conversion 2500 149. Defense Acquisition System 2545 [150. Repealed.] 152. Issue of Supplies, Services, and Facilities 2551 153. Exchange of Material and Disposal of Obsolete, Surplus, or Unclaimed Property 2571 155. Acceptance of Gifts and Services 2601 157. Transportation 2631 159. Real Property; Related Personal Property; and Lease of Non-Excess Property 2661 160. Environmental Restoration 2700 161. Property Records and Report of Theft or Loss of Certain Property 2721 163. Military Claims 2731 165. Accountability and Responsibility 2771 [167. Repealed.] 169. Military Construction and Military Family Housing 2801 [171. Repealed.] 172. Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program 2901 173. Energy Security 2911
Amendments

2013—Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title X, § 1031(b)(2),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1918, added item for chapter 24.
2011—Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title VIII, § 861(b), title X, § 1075(b)(1),Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4292, 4368, substituted “1030” for “1031” in item for chapter 53 and added item for chapter 149.
2009—Pub. L. 111–84, div. A, title X, § 1073(a)(1),Oct. 28, 2009, 123 Stat. 2472, substituted “1580” for “1581” in item for chapter 81 and “2551” for “2541” in item for chapter 152.
2008—Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title X, § 1068(a)(4)(B),Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 326, substituted “Insurrection” for “Enforcement of the Laws to Restore Public Order” in item for chapter 15.
2006—Pub. L. 109–366, § 3(a)(2),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2630, added item for chapter 47A.
Pub. L. 109–364, div. A, title VIII, § 816(a)(2), title X, § 1076(a)(4)(A), div. B, title XXVIII, § 2851(c)(1),Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2326, 2405, 2495, substituted “Enforcement of the Laws to Restore Public Order” for “Insurrection” in item for chapter 15 and added items for chapters 144A and 173.
2004—Pub. L. 108–375, div. A, title V, § 532(e), title X, § 1084(d)(1),Oct. 28, 2004, 118 Stat. 1900, 2061, substituted “480” for “481” in item for chapter 23, added item for chapter 107, and redesignated former item for chapter 107 as item for chapter 106A.
2003—Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title IX, § 921(d)(8), title X, § 1045(a)(1),Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1569, 1612, substituted “Geospatial-Intelligence” for “Imagery and Mapping” in item for chapter 22 and “2700” for “2701” in item for chapter 160.
2001—Pub. L. 107–107, div. A, title IX, § 911(b), title X, § 1048(a)(1),Dec. 28, 2001, 115 Stat. 1196, 1222, struck out period after “1111” in item for chapter 56 and added item for chapter 135.
2000—Pub. L. 106–398, § 1 [[div. A], title VII, § 713(a)(2), title IX, § 922(a)(2)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–184, 1654A–236, added items for chapters 56 and 112.
1999—Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title V, § 586(c)(1), title VII, § 721(c)(2),Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 638, 694, added item for chapter 50 and substituted “Deceased Personnel” for “Death Benefits” and “1471” for “1475” in item for chapter 75.
1997—Pub. L. 105–85, div. A, title III, §§ 355(c)(2), 371 (a)(2), (c)(5), title V, § 591(a)(2), title X, §§ 1073(a)(1), (2), 1074 (d)(2),Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1694, 1705, 1762, 1900, 1910, substituted “481” for “471” in item for chapter 23, added items for chapters 80 and 136, and substituted “2460” for “2461” in item for chapter 146, “Commissaries and Exchanges and Other Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Activities” for “Utilities and Services” in item for chapter 147, “2500” for “2491” in item for chapter 148, and “2541” for “2540” in item for chapter 152.
1996—Pub. L. 104–201, div. A, title XI, § 1123(a)(1), (2), title XVI, § 1633(c)(3),Sept. 23, 1996, 110 Stat. 2687, 2688, 2751, substituted “National Imagery and Mapping Agency” for “Miscellaneous Studies and Reports” and “441” for “451” in item for chapter 22, added item for chapter 23, substituted “Civilian Defense Intelligence Employees” for “Defense Intelligence Agency and Central Imagery Office Civilian Personnel” in item for chapter 83, and struck out item for chapter 167 “Defense Mapping Agency”.
Pub. L. 104–106, div. A, title V, §§ 568(a)(2), 569(b)(2), title X, § 1061(a)(2), (b)(2),Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 335, 351, 442, added items for chapters 76 and 88 and struck out items for chapters 89 “Volunteers Investing in Peace and Security” and 171 “Security and Control of Supplies”.
1994—Pub. L. 103–359, title V, § 501(b)(2),Oct. 14, 1994, 108 Stat. 3429, substituted “Defense Intelligence Agency and Central Imagery Office Civilian Personnel” for “Defense Intelligence Agency Civilian Personnel” in item for chapter 83.
Pub. L. 103–355, title VIII, § 8101(b),Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3389, added item for chapter 140.
Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title V, § 554(a)(2),Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2773, added item for chapter 22.
1993—Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title VIII, § 828(b)(1),Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1713, struck out item for chapter 135 “Encouragement of Aviation”.
1992—Pub. L. 102–484, div. A, title XIII, § 1322(a)(2), div. D, title XLII, § 4271(b)(1),Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2553, 2695, added items for chapters 89 and 148 and struck out former items for chapters 148 “Defense Industrial Base”, 149 “Manufacturing Technology”, and 150 “Development of Dual-Use Critical Technologies”.
1991—Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title X, § 1061(a)(26)(C)(ii),Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1474, effective Oct. 1, 1993, struck out item for chapter 85 “Procurement Management Personnel”.
Pub. L. 102–190, div. A, title VIII, § 821(f), title X, §§ 1002(a)(2), 1061 (a)(27)(A), title XI, § 1112(b)(2),Dec. 5, 1991, 105 Stat. 1432, 1455, 1474, 1501, substituted “Defense Budget Matters” for “Regular Components” and inserted “221” in item for chapter 9, substituted “Original Appointments of Regular Officers in Grades Above Warrant Officer Grades” for “Appointments in Regular Components” in item for chapter 33, added item for chapter 33A, substituted “Manufacturing” for “Maufacturing” in item for chapter 149, added items for chapters 150 and 152, struck out item for former chapter 150 “Issue to Armed Forces” and struck out item for former chapter 151 “Issue of Serviceable Material Other Than to Armed Forces”.
Pub. L. 102–25, title VII, § 701(e)(1), (2),Apr. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 114, added item for chapter 85 and in item for chapter 108 inserted “2161”.
1990—Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title II, § 247(a)(2)(B), title V, § 502(a)(2), title VIII, § 823(b)(1), title IX, § 911(b)(3), title XII, § 1202(b), title XVIII, § 1801(a)(2),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1523, 1557, 1602, 1626, 1656, 1757, added item for chapter 58, struck out item for chapter 85 “Procurement Management Personnel”, added item for chapter 87, substituted “Department of Defense Schools” for “Granting of Advanced Degrees at Department of Defense Schools” in item for chapter 108, substituted “Support of Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Education” for “National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowships” in item for chapter 111, added item for chapter 149 and redesignated former item for chapter 149 as item for chapter 150, and added item for chapter 172.
1989—Pub. L. 101–189, div. A, title VIII, § 843(d)(2), title IX, § 931(e)(2), title XVI, § 1622(d)(2),Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1517, 1535, 1605, substituted “Training and Education” for “Training” in item for part III, added item for chapter 111, and substituted “Cooperative Agreements” for “Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements” in item for chapter 138.
1988—Pub. L. 100–456, div. A, title III, §§ 342(a)(2), 344(b)(2), title VIII, § 821(b)(2), title XI, § 1104(b),Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 1961, 1962, 2016, 2046, substituted “Support for” for “Cooperation With” and “Agencies” for “Officials” in item for chapter 18, substituted “Defense Industrial Base” for “Buy American Requirements” in item for chapter 148, substituted “Property Records and Report of Theft or Loss of Certain Property” for “Property Records” in item for chapter 161, and added item for chapter 171.
Pub. L. 100–370, §§ 1(c)(3), (e)(2), 2(a)(2), 3(a)(2),July 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 841, 845, 854, 855, added items for chapters 54, 134, 146, and 148.
1987—Pub. L. 100–180, div. A, title III, § 332(c), title VII, § 711(b),Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1080, 1111, substituted “Humanitarian and Other Assistance” for “Humanitarian and Civic Assistance Provided in Conjunction With Military Operations” in item for chapter 20 and “Financial Assistance Programs” for “Scholarship Program” in item for chapter 105.
Pub. L. 100–26, §§ 7(c)(1), 9(b)(4),Apr. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 280, 287, added item for chapter 21, substituted “Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements with NATO Allies and Other Countries” for “North Atlantic Treaty Organization Acquisition and Cross-Servicing Agreements” in item for chapter 138, substituted “Major Defense Acquisition Programs” for “Oversight of Cost Growth in Major Programs” and “2430” for “2431” in item for chapter 144, and substituted “2721” for “2701” in item for chapter 161.
1986—Pub. L. 99–661, div. A, title III, § 333(a)(2), title XIII, § 1343(a)(22),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3859, 3994, added item for chapter 20 and substituted “2341” for “2321” in item for chapter 138.
Pub. L. 99–499, title II, § 211(a)(2),Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1725, added item for chapter 160.
Pub. L. 99–433, title IV, § 401(b), title VI, § 605,Oct. 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 1030, 1075a, added items for chapters 2, 6, 38, and 144, inserted “and Functions” in item for chapter 3, substituted “Office of the Secretary of Defense” for “Department of Defense” in item for chapter 4, substituted “151” for “141” as the section number in the item for chapter 5, reenacted item for chapter 7 without change, and inserted “and Department of Defense Field Activities” in item for chapter 8.
Pub. L. 99–399, title VIII, § 806(d)(2),Aug. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 888, added item for chapter 110.
1985—Pub. L. 99–145, title VI, § 671(a)(2), title IX, § 924(a)(2),Nov. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 663, 698, added items for chapters 85 and 109.
1984—Pub. L. 98–525, title VII, § 705(a)(2), title XII, § 1241(a)(2),Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2567, 2606, substituted “Members of the Selected Reserve” for “Enlisted Members of the Selected Reserve of the Ready Reserve” in item for chapter 106 and added item for chapter 142.
1983—Pub. L. 98–94, title IX, § 925(a)(2), title XII, § 1268(15),Sept. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 648, 707, added item for chapter 74, and substituted “or” for “and” in item for chapter 60.
1982—Pub. L. 97–295, § 1(50)(D),Oct. 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 1300, added item for chapter 167.
Pub. L. 97–269, title V, § 501(b),Sept. 27, 1982, 96 Stat. 1145, added item for chapter 8.
Pub. L. 97–214, § 2(b),July 12, 1982, 96 Stat. 169, added item for chapter 169.
1981—Pub. L. 97–89, title VII, § 701(a)(2),Dec. 4, 1981, 95 Stat. 1160, added item for chapter 83.
Pub. L. 97–86, title IX, § 905(a)(2),Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1116, added item for chapter 18.
1980—Pub. L. 96–513, title V, §§ 501(1), 511 (29), (54)(B), (99),Dec. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 2907, 2922, 2925, 2929, added item for chapter 32, substituted “531” for “541” as section number in item for chapter 33, substituted “34” for “35” as chapter number of chapter relating to appointments as reserve officers, added items for chapters 35 and 36, substituted “Reserve Components: Standards and Procedures for Retention and Promotion” for “Retention of Reserves” in item for chapter 51, added item for chapter 60, substituted “1251” for “1255” as section number in item for chapter 63, substituted “Retirement of Warrant Officers” for “Retirement” in item for chapter 65, substituted “1370” for “1371” as section number in item for chapter 69, amended item for chapter 73 to read: “Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay”, and capitalized “Assistance”, “Persons”, “Enlisting”, “Active”, and “Duty” in item for chapter 107.
Pub. L. 96–450, title IV, § 406(b),Oct. 14, 1980, 94 Stat. 1981, added item for chapter 108.
Pub. L. 96–342, title IX, § 901(b),Sept. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1114, added item for chapter 107.
Pub. L. 96–323, § 2(b),Aug. 4, 1980, 94 Stat. 1019, added item for chapter 138.
1977—Pub. L. 95–79, title IV, § 402(b),July 30, 1977, 91 Stat. 330, added item for chapter 106.
1972—Pub. L. 92–426, § 2(b),Sept. 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 719, added items for chapters 104 and 105.
Pub. L. 92–425, § 2,Sept. 21, 1972, 86 Stat. 711, amended item for chapter 73 by inserting “; Survivor Benefit Plan” after “Pay” which could not be executed as directed in view of amendment by Pub. L. 87–381. See 1961 Amendment note below.
1968—Pub. L. 90–377, § 2,July 5, 1968, 82 Stat. 288, added item for chapter 48.
1967—Pub. L. 90–83, § 3(2),Sept. 11, 1967, 81 Stat. 220, struck out item for chapter 80 “Exemplary Rehabilitation Certificates”.
1966—Pub. L. 89–690, § 2,Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 1017, added item for chapter 80.
1964—Pub. L. 88–647, title I, § 101(2), title II, § 201(2),Oct. 13, 1964, 78 Stat. 1064, 1069, added items for chapters 102 and 103.
1962—Pub. L. 87–651, title II, § 203,Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 519, added item for chapter 4.
Pub. L. 87–649, § 3(2),Sept. 7, 1962, 76 Stat. 493, added item for chapter 40.
1961—Pub. L. 87–381, § 1(2),Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 810, substituted “Retired Serviceman’s Family Protection Plan” for “Annuities Based on Retired or Retainer Pay” in item for chapter 73.
1958—Pub. L. 85–861, §§ 1(21), (26), (33), 33(a)(4)(B),Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1443, 1450, 1455, 1564, substituted “General Service Requirements” for “Service Requirements for Reserves” in item for chapter 37, “971” for “[No present sections]” in item for chapter 49, “Medical and Dental Care” for “Voting by Members of Armed Forces” in item for chapter 55, and struck out “Care of the Dead” and substituted “1475” for “1481” in item for chapter 75.


Footnotes
[1]  So in original. Probably should be capitalized.

 

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