(a)A proof of claim may be filed by any entity that holds a claim against the debtor—
(1)for taxes that become payable to a governmental unit while the case is pending; or
(2)that is a consumer debt, that arises after the date of the order for relief under this chapter, and that is for property or services necessary for the debtor’s performance under the plan.
(b)Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, a claim filed under subsection (a) of this section shall be allowed or disallowed under section
502 of this title, but shall be determined as of the date such claim arises, and shall be allowed under section
502(c) of this title, or disallowed under section
502(e) of this title, the same as if such claim had arisen before the date of the filing of the petition.
(c)A claim filed under subsection (a)(2) of this section shall be disallowed if the holder of such claim knew or should have known that prior approval by the trustee of the debtor’s incurring the obligation was practicable and was not obtained.
Section 1305(a)(2) of the House amendment modifies similar provisions contained in the House and Senate bills by restricting application of the paragraph to a consumer debt. Debts of the debtor that are not consumer debts should not be subjected to section
1305(c) orsection 1328(d) of the House amendment.
Section 1305(b) of the House amendment represents a technical modification of similar provisions contained in the House bill and Senate amendment.
The House amendment deletes section 1305(d) of the Senate amendment as unnecessary. Section
502(b)(1) is sufficient to disallow any claim to the extent the claim represents the usurious interest or any other charge forbidden by applicable law. It is anticipated that the Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure may require a creditor filing a proof of claim in a case under chapter 13 to include an affirmative statement as contemplated by section 1305(d) of the Senate amendment.
senate report no. 95–989
1305, exclusively applicable in chapter 13 cases, supplements the provisions of sections
501–511 of title
11, dealing with the filing and allowance of claims. Sections
501–511 apply in chapter 13 cases by virtue of section
103(a) of this title. Section
1305(a) provides for the filing of a proof of claim for taxes and other obligations incurred after the filing of the chapter 13 case. Subsection (b) prescribes that section
502 of title
11 governs the allowance of section
1305(a) claims, except that its standards shall be applied as of the date of allowance of the claim, rather than the date of filing of the petition. Subsection (c) requires the disallowance of a postpetition claim for property or services necessary for the debtor’s performance under the plan, if the holder of the claim knew or should have known that prior approval by the trustee of the debtor’s incurring of the obligation was practicable and was not obtained.
house report no. 95–595
Subsection (a) permits the filing of a proof of a claim against the debtor that is for taxes that become payable to a governmental unit while the case is pending, or that arises after the date of the filing of the petition for property or services that are necessary for the debtor’s performance under the plan, such as auto repairs in order that the debtor will be able to get to work, or medical bills. The effect of the latter provision, in paragraph (2), is to treat postpetition credit extended to a chapter 13 debtor the same as a prepetition claim for purposes of allowance, distribution, and so on.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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