(June 27, 1934, ch. 847, title II, § 230, as added Pub. L. 86–372, title I, § 114(a),Sept. 23, 1959, 73 Stat. 662; amended Pub. L. 88–560, title I, § 104(b),Sept. 2, 1964, 78 Stat. 770; Pub. L. 90–19, § 1(a)(3),May 25, 1967, 81 Stat. 17; Pub. L. 96–399, title III, § 341,Oct. 8, 1980, 94 Stat. 1659; Pub. L. 98–181, title IV, § 418,Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1212; Pub. L. 100–242, title IV, § 428,Feb. 5, 1988, 101 Stat. 1918; Pub. L. 102–83, § 5(c)(2),Aug. 6, 1991, 105 Stat. 406; Pub. L. 104–99, title IV, § 407(b),Jan. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 45; Pub. L. 104–134, title I, § 101(e) [title II, § 221(b)(2)], Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–257, 1321–291; renumbered title I, Pub. L. 104–140, § 1(a),May 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 1327; Pub. L. 105–276, title VI, § 601(f),Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2674; Pub. L. 111–22, div. A, title II, § 203(d)(1)–(3), May 20, 2009, 123 Stat. 1645, 1646.)
References in Text
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (c)(1)(A) and (f), was in the original “this Act”, meaning act June 27, 1934, ch. 847, 48 Stat. 1246
, which is classified principally to this chapter (§ 1701 et seq.). For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.
2009—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(1)(C)–(E), inserted “preforeclosure sale, support for borrower housing counseling, subordinate lien resolution, borrower incentives,” after “loan modification,”, “as required,” after “deeds in lieu of foreclosure,”, and “or subsection (c),” before “as provided”.
Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(1)(B), which directed substitution of “loan” for “loss”, was executed by making the substitution before “modification” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(1)(A), inserted “or imminent default, as defined by the Secretary” after “default”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(2), amended subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Secretary may establish a program for payment of a partial claim to a mortgagee that agrees to apply the claim amount to payment of a mortgage on a 1- to 4-family residence that is in default. Any such payment under such program to the mortgagee shall be made in the sole discretion of the Secretary and on terms and conditions acceptable to the Secretary, except that—
“(1) the amount of the payment shall be in an amount determined by the Secretary, not to exceed an amount equivalent to 12 of the monthly mortgage payments and any costs related to the default that are approved by the Secretary; and
“(2) the mortgagor shall agree to repay the amount of the insurance claim to the Secretary upon terms and conditions acceptable to the Secretary.
The Secretary may pay the mortgagee, from the appropriate insurance fund, in connection with any activities that the mortgagee is required to undertake concerning repayment by the mortgagor of the amount owed to the Secretary.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(3)(A)–(C)(i), designated existing provisions as par. (1), redesignated former pars. (1) to (3) as subpars. (A) to (C), respectively, of par. (1), and redesignated subpars. (A) to (C) of former par. (2) as cls. (i) to (iii), respectively, of par. (1)(B).
Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(3)(C)(ii), substituted “under this paragraph” for “under a program under this subsection” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (c)(1)(B)(i). Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(3)(C)(iii), inserted “or facing imminent default, as defined by the Secretary” after “default”.
Subsec. (c)(1)(C). Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(3)(D), which directed substitution of “under this paragraph” for “under a program under this subsection”, was executed by making the substitution for “under a program established under this subsection” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 111–22
, § 203(d)(3)(E), added par. (2). Former par. (2) redesignated subpar. (B) of par. (1).
1998—Pub. L. 105–276
added subsec. (a) and redesignated former subsecs. (a) to (e) as (b) to (f), respectively.
1996—Pub. L. 104–99
amended section generally, substituting subsecs. (a) to (e) relating to authority to assist mortgagors in default for former subsecs. (a) to (d) relating to temporary mortgage assistance payments and acquisition of mortgages to avoid foreclosures.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–134
struck out heading and text of subsec. (d). Text read as follows: “Any mortgage for which the mortgagor has applied to the Secretary, before the date of enactment of the Departments of Veterans Affairs and Housing and Urban Development, and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1996, for assignment pursuant to subsection (b) of this section as in effect before such date of enactment shall continue to be governed by the provisions of this section, as in effect immediately before such date of enactment.”
1991—Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 102–83
” for “section
1988—Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 100–242
substituted “The interest rate on payments made under this subsection shall be the rate established under section
. The interest rate to be charged shall be determined when the Secretary approves assistance under this subsection” for “The Secretary may establish interest charges on payments made under this subsection; except that such charges shall not exceed a rate which is more than the maximum interest rate applicable with respect to level payment mortgages insured pursuant to section
of this title at the time assistance under this section is approved by the Secretary.”
1983—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–181
struck out “, to the extent practicable,” after “Secretary shall”.
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–399
added subsec. (a). Existing undesignated provisions were designated as subsec. (b)(1).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–399
designated existing undesignated provision as par. (1), made changes in phraseology which included applicability of remedy provided by subsection (a) of this section and determinations made pursuant to such subsection, and added pars. (2) and (3).
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 96–399
added subsecs. (c) and (d).
1967—Pub. L. 90–19
substituted “Secretary” for “Commissioner” wherever appearing.
1964—Pub. L. 88–560
authorized the Commissioner to acquire the loan and security notwithstanding the fact that he has previously approved a request of the mortgagee for an extension of the time for curing the default and of the time for commencing foreclosure proceedings or for otherwise acquiring title to the mortgaged property or has approved a modification of the mortgage for the purpose of changing the amortization provisions by recasting the unpaid balance and substituted provisions for acquisition of the loan and security upon payment of the insurance benefits in an amount equal to the unpaid principal balance of the loan plus any unpaid mortgage interest plus reimbursement for such costs and attorney’s fees as the Commissioner finds were properly incurred in connection with the defaulted mortgage and its assignment to the Commissioner for former provision for such acquisition upon issuance to the mortgagee of debentures having a total face value equal to the unpaid principal balance of the loan plus any accrued interest.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 104–99
applicable with respect to mortgages insured under this chapter that are executed before, on, or after Oct. 1, 1997, see section 407(c) ofPub. L. 104–99
, as amended, set out as a note under section
of this title.
[title II, § 221(b)(1)] of Pub. L. 104–134
provided that: “Any mortgage for which the mortgagor has applied to the Secretary, before the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 26, 1996], for assignment to the Secretary pursuant to section 230(b) of the National Housing Act [12
] shall continue to be governed by the provisions of such section, as in effect immediately before enactment of the Balanced Budget Downpayment Act, I [Pub. L. 104–99
, which was approved Jan. 26, 1996].”
Implementation of 2009 Amendment
Pub. L. 111–22
, div. A, title II, § 203(d)(4),May 20, 2009, 123 Stat. 1647
, provided that: “The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development may implement the amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] through notice or mortgagee letter.”