12 U.S. Code § 1715z–14 - Risk-sharing demonstration

(a) Demonstration mortgage risk-sharing program; areas; number of mortgages
The purpose of this section is to authorize a demonstration mortgage risk-sharing program designed to test the feasibility of entering into risk-sharing contracts with private mortgage insurers and with insured community development financial institutions in order to reduce Government risk and administrative costs, and to speed mortgage processing. The Secretary shall limit the demonstration under this section to not more than four administrative regions of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, and shall assure that the program is in the financial interest of the Government and will not result in loss of employment by any employees of the Department of Housing and Urban Development before the expiration of the 5-year period beginning on December 21, 2000. The aggregate number of mortgages for which risk of nonpayment is shared under this section in any administrative region of the Department of Housing and Urban Development in any fiscal year may not exceed 20 percent of the aggregate number of mortgages and loans insured by the Secretary under this subchapter in such region during the preceding fiscal year.
(b) One- to four-family dwellings; requirements for private mortgage insurance companies
Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter inconsistent with this section, the Secretary is authorized, in providing mortgage insurance with respect to one- to four-family dwellings under sections 1709 (b), 1715y, and 1715z–10  [1] of this title, to enter into risk-sharing contracts with private mortgage insurance companies which have been determined to be qualified insurers under section 1717 (b)(2)(C) of this title and with insured community development financial institutions. Such contracts shall require private mortgage insurance companies and insured community development financial institutions to—
(1) assume a secondary percentage of loss on any mortgage insured pursuant to section 1709 (b), 1715y, or 1715z–10 of this title covering a one- to four-family dwelling, which percentage of loss shall be set forth in the risk-sharing contract, with the first percentage of loss to be borne by the Secretary;  [2]
(2) perform or delegate underwriting, credit approval, appraisal, inspection, commitment, claims processing, property disposition, or other functions as the Secretary shall approve as consistent with the purposes of this section and shall set forth in the risk-sharing contract.
(c) Required contract provisions
Any contract for risk-sharing under this section shall contain such provisions relating to the sharing of premiums received by the Secretary with a private mortgage insurer or insured community development financial institution on a sound actuarial basis, establishment of loss reserves, manner of calculating claims on such risk-sharing contract, conditions with respect to foreclosure, handling and disposition of property prior to claim or settlement, rights of assignees, and other similar matters as the Secretary may prescribe pursuant to regulations. Pursuant to a contract under this section, a private mortgage insurance company or insured community development financial institution shall endorse loans for risk-sharing and take such other actions on behalf of the Secretary and in the Secretary’s name as the Secretary may authorize.
(d) Mortgages offered for inclusion by Secretary
The Secretary shall require any private mortgage insurance company or insured community development financial institution participating in the program under this section to provide risk-sharing for those mortgages offered by the Secretary for inclusion in the program.
(e) Insured community development financial institution
For purposes of this section, the term “insured community development financial institution” means a community development financial institution, as such term is defined in section 4702 of this title that is an insured depository institution (as such term is defined in section 1813 of this title) or an insured credit union (as such term is defined in section 1752 of this title).


[1]  See References in Text note below.

[2]  So in original. Probably should be followed by “and”.

Source

(June 27, 1934, ch. 847, title II, § 249, as added Pub. L. 98–181, title I[title IV, § 428(a)], Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1219; amended Pub. L. 99–120, § 1(g),Oct. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 502; Pub. L. 99–156, § 1(g),Nov. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 815; Pub. L. 99–219, § 1(g),Dec. 26, 1985, 99 Stat. 1730; Pub. L. 99–267, § 1(g),Mar. 27, 1986, 100 Stat. 73; Pub. L. 99–272, title III, § 3007(g),Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 105; Pub. L. 99–289, § 1(b),May 2, 1986, 100 Stat. 412; Pub. L. 99–345, § 1,June 24, 1986, 100 Stat. 673; Pub. L. 99–430, Sept. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 986; Pub. L. 100–122, § 1,Sept. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 793; Pub. L. 100–154, Nov. 5, 1987, 101 Stat. 890; Pub. L. 100–170, Nov. 17, 1987, 101 Stat. 914; Pub. L. 100–179, Dec. 3, 1987, 101 Stat. 1018; Pub. L. 100–200, Dec. 21, 1987, 101 Stat. 1327; Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–618.)
References in Text

Section 1715z–10 of this title, referred to in subsec. (b), was repealed by Pub. L. 110–289, div. B, title I, § 2120(a)(7),July 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2835.
Amendments

2000—Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(1)], substituted “Risk-sharing demonstration” for “Reinsurance contracts” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(2), (3)], in heading and first sentence substituted “risk-sharing” for “reinsurance” wherever appearing, in first sentence inserted “and with insured community development financial institutions” after “private mortgage insurers”, in second sentence substituted “four administrative regions” for “two administrative regions” and “the expiration of the 5-year period beginning on December 21, 2000” for “March 15, 1988”, and in last sentence substituted “mortgages for which risk of nonpayment is shared” for “mortgages insured” and “20 percent” for “10 percent”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(2), (4)(A), (B)], in first sentence of introductory provisions, substituted “, in providing” for “to provide”, “, to enter into” for “through” and “risk-sharing” for “reinsurance” and inserted “and with insured community development financial institutions” before period at end and, in second sentence of introductory provisions, inserted “and insured community development financial institutions” after “private mortgage insurance companies”.
Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(4)(C)], added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “assume a percentage of loss on any mortgage insured pursuant to section 1709 (b), 1715y, or 1715z–10 of this title covering a one- to four-family dwelling, which percentage of loss shall be set forth in the risk-sharing contract; and”.
Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(2)], substituted “risk-sharing” for “reinsurance”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(4)(D)], substituted “perform or delegate underwriting,” for “carry out (under appropriate delegation) such” and “functions as the Secretary” for “function as the Secretary pursuant to regulations,” and inserted before period at end “and shall set forth in the risk-sharing contract”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(2), (5)], in first sentence, substituted “contract for” for “contract of” and “risk-sharing” for “reinsurance”, inserted “received by the Secretary with a private mortgage insurer or insured community development financial institution” after “sharing of premiums”, substituted “loss reserves” for “insurance reserves”, “such risk-sharing contract” for “such insurance”, and “rights of assignees” for “right of assignees” and, in second sentence, inserted “or insured community development financial institution” after “private mortgage insurance company” and substituted “loans for risk-sharing” for “loans for insurance”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(2), (6)], inserted “or insured community development financial institution” after “private mortgage insurance company” and substituted “risk-sharing” for “reinsurance”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(7) [title I, § 143(7)], added subsec. (e).
1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–200substituted “March 15, 1988” for “December 16, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–179substituted “December 16, 1987” for “December 2, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–170substituted “December 2, 1987” for “November 15, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–154substituted “November 15, 1987” for “October 31, 1987”.
Pub. L. 100–122substituted “October 31, 1987” for “September 30, 1987”.
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–430substituted “September 30, 1987” for “September 30, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–345substituted “September 30, 1986” for “June 6, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–289substituted “June 6, 1986” for “April 30, 1986”.
Pub. L. 99–272made amendment identical to Pub. L. 99–219. See 1985 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 99–267substituted “April 30, 1986” for “March 17, 1986”.
1985—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–219substituted “March 17, 1986” for “December 15, 1985”.
Pub. L. 99–156substituted “December 15, 1985” for “November 14, 1985”.
Pub. L. 99–120substituted “November 14, 1985” for “September 30, 1985”.
Evaluation of Reinsurance Program; Report to Congress

Pub. L. 98–181, title I[title IV, § 428(b)], Nov. 30, 1983, 97 Stat. 1219, provided that: “The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development shall evaluate the reinsurance program under section 249 of the National Housing Act [this section] and, not later than March 1, 1985, submit to the Congress a report setting forth the results of such evaluation. Such report shall include an evaluation of the possible effect of a reinsurance program on the characteristics of the pool of mortgages remaining wholly under the applicable insurance funds and the actuarial soundness of such funds under such conditions.”

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24 CFR - Housing and Urban Development

24 CFR Part 200 - INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS

24 CFR Part 206 - HOME EQUITY CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE

 

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