12 U.S. Code § 1 - Office of the Comptroller of the Currency

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(a) Office of the Comptroller of the Currency established
There is established in the Department of the Treasury a bureau to be known as the “Office of the Comptroller of the Currency” which is charged with assuring the safety and soundness of, and compliance with laws and regulations, fair access to financial services, and fair treatment of customers by, the institutions and other persons subject to its jurisdiction.
(b) Comptroller of the Currency
(1) In general
The chief officer of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency shall be known as the Comptroller of the Currency. The Comptroller of the Currency shall perform the duties of the Comptroller of the Currency under the general direction of the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury may not delay or prevent the issuance of any rule or the promulgation of any regulation by the Comptroller of the Currency, and may not intervene in any matter or proceeding before the Comptroller of the Currency (including agency enforcement actions), unless otherwise specifically provided by law.
(2) Additional authority
The Comptroller of the Currency shall have the same authority with respect to functions transferred to the Comptroller of the Currency under the Enhancing Financial Institution Safety and Soundness Act of 2010 as was vested in the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision on the transfer date, as defined in section 311 of that Act [12 U.S.C. 5411].

Source

(R.S. § 324; Dec. 23, 1913, ch. 6, § 10 (par.), 38 Stat. 261; June 3, 1922, ch. 205, 42 Stat. 621; Aug. 23, 1935, ch. 614, title II, § 203(a),49 Stat. 704; Pub. L. 89–427, § 1,May 20, 1966, 80 Stat. 161; Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 331(b)(2),Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2232; Pub. L. 111–203, title III, § 314(a),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1523.)
References in Text

The Enhancing Financial Institution Safety and Soundness Act of 2010, referred to in subsec. (b)(2), is Pub. L. 111–203, title III, July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1520. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5301 of this title and Tables.
Codification

R.S. § 324 derived from act June 3, 1864, ch. 106, § 1,13 Stat. 99, which was the National Bank Act. See section 38 of this title.
Section is comprised of R.S. § 324, as amended by the eighth paragraph of act Dec. 23, 1913, § 10.
Amendments

2010—Pub. L. 111–203amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows: “There shall be in the Department of the Treasury a bureau charged with the execution of all laws passed by Congress relating to the issue and regulation of national currency secured by United States bonds and, under the general supervision of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, of all Federal Reserve notes, except for the cancellation and destruction, and accounting with respect to such cancellation and destruction, of Federal Reserve notes unfit for circulation, the chief officer of which bureau shall be called the Comptroller of the Currency and shall perform his duties under the general directions of the Secretary of the Treasury. The Comptroller of the Currency shall have the same authority over matters within the jurisdiction of the Comptroller as the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision has over matters within the Director’s jurisdiction under section 1462a (b)(3) of this title. The Secretary of the Treasury may not delay or prevent the issuance of any rule or the promulgation of any regulation by the Comptroller of the Currency.”
1994—Pub. L. 103–325inserted at end “The Comptroller of the Currency shall have the same authority over matters within the jurisdiction of the Comptroller as the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision has over matters within the Director’s jurisdiction under section 1462a (b)(3) of this title. The Secretary of the Treasury may not delay or prevent the issuance of any rule or the promulgation of any regulation by the Comptroller of the Currency.”
1966—Pub. L. 89–427inserted exception relating to cancellation and destruction, and accounting with respect to the cancellation and destruction, of Federal Reserve notes unfit for circulation.
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Pub. L. 111–203, title III, § 314(d),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 1524, provided that: “This section [enacting section 4b of this title and amending this section and section 11 of this title], and the amendments made by this section, shall take effect on the transfer date.”
[For definition of “transfer date” as used in section 314(d) ofPub. L. 111–203, set out above, see section 5301 of this title.]
Exception as to Transfer of Functions

Functions vested by any provision of law in Comptroller of the Currency, referred to in this section, were not included in transfer of functions of officers, agencies, and employees of Department of the Treasury to Secretary of the Treasury, made by Reorg. Plan No. 26 of 1950, § 1, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F.R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280. See section 321 (c)(2) of Title 31, Money and Finance.

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12 CFR - Banks and Banking

12 CFR Part 1 - INVESTMENT SECURITIES

12 CFR Part 4 - ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS FOR SENIOR EXAMINERS

12 CFR Part 5 - RULES, POLICIES, AND PROCEDURES FOR CORPORATE ACTIVITIES

12 CFR Part 7 - BANK ACTIVITIES AND OPERATIONS

12 CFR Part 13 - GOVERNMENT SECURITIES SALES PRACTICES

12 CFR Part 14 - CONSUMER PROTECTION IN SALES OF INSURANCE

12 CFR Part 16 - SECURITIES OFFERING DISCLOSURE RULES

12 CFR Part 23 - LEASING

12 CFR Part 27 - FAIR HOUSING HOME LOAN DATA SYSTEM

12 CFR Part 28 - INTERNATIONAL BANKING ACTIVITIES

12 CFR Part 32 - LENDING LIMITS

12 CFR Part 34 - REAL ESTATE LENDING AND APPRAISALS

12 CFR Part 37 - DEBT CANCELLATION CONTRACTS AND DEBT SUSPENSION AGREEMENTS

12 CFR Part 41 - FAIR CREDIT REPORTING

12 CFR Part 48 - RETAIL FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS

 

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