(Pub. L. 93–533, § 5,Dec. 22, 1974, 88 Stat. 1725; Pub. L. 94–205, § 4,Jan. 2, 1976, 89 Stat. 1158; Pub. L. 102–550, title IX, § 951,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3892; Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1098(3), title XIV, § 1450,July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2104, 2174.)
Amendment of Section
Pub. L. 111–203, title XIV, §§ 1400(c),
1450,July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2136, 2174, provided that this section is amended, effective on the date on which final regulations implementing such amendment take effect, or on the date that is 18 months after the designated transfer date if such regulations have not been issued by that date:
(1) in the section catchline, by substituting “Home buying” for “Special”;
(2) by striking out subsections (a) and (b) and adding the following:
“(a) Preparation and distribution
“The Director of the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (hereafter in this section referred to as the ‘Director’) shall prepare, at least once every 5 years, a booklet to help consumers applying for federally related mortgage loans to understand the nature and costs of real estate settlement services. The Director shall prepare the booklet in various languages and cultural styles, as the Director determines to be appropriate, so that the booklet is understandable and accessible to homebuyers of different ethnic and cultural backgrounds. The Director shall distribute such booklets to all lenders that make federally related mortgage loans. The Director shall also distribute to such lenders lists, organized by location, of homeownership counselors certified under section
of this title for use in complying with the requirement under subsection (c) of this section.
“Each booklet shall be in such form and detail as the Director shall prescribe and, in addition to such other information as the Director may provide, shall include in plain and understandable language the following information:
“(1) A description and explanation of the nature and purpose of the costs incident to a real estate settlement or a federally related mortgage loan. The description and explanation shall provide general information about the mortgage process as well as specific information concerning, at a minimum—
“(A) balloon payments;
“(B) prepayment penalties;
“(C) the advantages of prepayment; and
“(D) the trade-off between closing costs and the interest rate over the life of the loan.
“(2) An explanation and sample of the uniform settlement statement required by section
of this title.
“(3) A list and explanation of lending practices, including those prohibited by the Truth in Lending Act or other applicable Federal law, and of other unfair practices and unreasonable or unnecessary charges to be avoided by the prospective buyer with respect to a real estate settlement.
“(4) A list and explanation of questions a consumer obtaining a federally related mortgage loan should ask regarding the loan, including whether the consumer will have the ability to repay the loan, whether the consumer sufficiently shopped for the loan, whether the loan terms include prepayment penalties or balloon payments, and whether the loan will benefit the borrower.
“(5) An explanation of the right of rescission as to certain transactions provided by sections 125 and 129 of the Truth in Lending Act.
“(6) A brief explanation of the nature of a variable rate mortgage and a reference to the booklet entitled ‘Consumer Handbook on Adjustable Rate Mortgages’, published by the Director, or to any suitable substitute of such booklet that the Director may subsequently adopt pursuant to such section.
“(7) A brief explanation of the nature of a home equity line of credit and a reference to the pamphlet required to be provided under section 127A of the Truth in Lending Act.
“(8) Information about homeownership counseling services made available pursuant to section
of this title, a recommendation that the consumer use such services, and notification that a list of certified providers of homeownership counseling in the area, and their contact information, is available.
“(9) An explanation of the nature and purpose of escrow accounts when used in connection with loans secured by residential real estate and the requirements under section
of this title regarding such accounts.
“(10) An explanation of the choices available to buyers of residential real estate in selecting persons to provide necessary services incidental to a real estate settlement.
“(11) An explanation of a consumer’s responsibilities, liabilities, and obligations in a mortgage transaction.
“(12) An explanation of the nature and purpose of real estate appraisals, including the difference between an appraisal and a home inspection.
“(13) Notice that the Office of Housing of the Department of Housing and Urban Development has made publicly available a brochure regarding loan fraud and a World Wide Web address and toll-free telephone number for obtaining the brochure.
The booklet prepared pursuant to this section shall take into consideration differences in real estate settlement procedures that may exist among the several States and territories of the United States and among separate political subdivisions within the same State and territory.”;
(3) in subsection (c), by inserting at the end the following: “Each lender shall also include with the booklet a reasonably complete or updated list of homeownership counselors who are certified pursuant to section
(e) of this title and located in the area of the lender.”; and
(4) in subsection (d), by inserting after the period at the end of the first sentence the following: “The lender shall provide the booklet in the version that is most appropriate for the person receiving it.”
See Effective Date of 2010 Amendment note below.
References in Text
The Truth in Lending Act, referred to in subsec. (a), is title I of Pub. L. 90–321
, May 29, 1968, 82 Stat. 146
, which is classified generally to subchapter I (§ 1601 et seq.) of chapter
, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a), was in the original “this title” and was translated as reading “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 93–533
, which is classified principally to this chapter, to reflect the probable intent of Congress, because Pub. L. 93–533
does not contain titles.
2010—Pub. L. 111–203
, § 1098(3)(A), substituted “Bureau” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–203
, § 1098(3)(B), substituted “The Bureau shall prepare and distribute booklets jointly addressing compliance with the requirements of the Truth in Lending Act and the provisions of this chapter, in order to help persons borrowing money to finance the purchase of residential real estate better to understand the nature and costs of real estate settlement services.” for “The Secretary shall prepare and distribute booklets to help persons borrowing money to finance the purchase of residential real estate better to understand the nature and costs of real estate settlement services.”
1992—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–550
substituted “Such booklet shall be provided by delivering it or placing it in the mail not later than 3 business days after the lender receives the application, but no booklet need be provided if the lender denies the application for credit before the end of the 3-day period.” for “Such booklet shall be provided at the time of receipt or preparation of such application.”
1976—Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 94–205
added subsec. (c), redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d), substituted “or for whom it prepares a written application” for “an application” and inserted “or preparation” after “receipt”, and redesignated former subsec. (d) as (e).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment
Amendment by section 1098(3) ofPub. L. 111–203
effective on the designated transfer date, see section 1100H ofPub. L. 111–203
, set out as a note under section
, Government Organization and Employees.
Amendment by section 1450 ofPub. L. 111–203
effective on the date on which final regulations implementing that amendment take effect, or on the date that is 18 months after the designated transfer date if such regulations have not been issued by that date, see section 1400(c) ofPub. L. 111–203
, set out as a note under section
, Commerce and Trade.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 94–205
effective Jan. 2, 1976, with the Secretary authorized to suspend for up to 180 days from Jan. 2, 1976, any provision of this section as amended by Pub. L. 94–205
, see section 12 ofPub. L. 94–205
, set out as a note under section
of this title.