12 U.S. Code § 4009 - Administrative enforcement

(a) Administrative enforcement
Compliance with the requirements imposed under this chapter, including regulations prescribed by and orders issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System under this chapter, shall be enforced under—
(1) section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. 1818] in the case of—
(A) national banks, and Federal branches and Federal agencies of foreign banks, by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency;
(B) member banks of the Federal Reserve System (other than national banks), and offices, branches, and agencies of foreign banks located in the United States (other than Federal branches, Federal agencies, and insured State branches of foreign banks), by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; and
(C) banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (other than members of the Federal Reserve System) and insured State branches of foreign banks, by the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
(2) section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. 1818], by the Director of the Office of Thrift Supervision in the case of savings associations the deposits of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; and
(3) the Federal Credit Union Act [12 U.S.C. 1751 et seq.], by the National Credit Union Administration Board with respect to any Federal credit union or insured credit union.
The terms used in paragraph (1) that are not defined in this chapter or otherwise defined in section 3(s) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813 (s)) shall have the meaning given to them in section 1(b) of the International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3101).
(b) Additional powers
(1) Violation of this chapter treated as violation of other Acts
For purposes of the exercise by any agency referred to in subsection (a) of this section of its powers under any Act referred to in that subsection, a violation of any requirement imposed under this chapter shall be deemed to be a violation of a requirement imposed under that Act.
(2) Enforcement authority under other Acts
In addition to its powers under any provision of law specifically referred to in subsection (a) of this section, each of the agencies referred to in such subsection may exercise, for purposes of enforcing compliance with any requirement imposed under this chapter, any other authority conferred on it by law.
(c) Enforcement by Board
(1) In general
Except to the extent that enforcement of the requirements imposed under this chapter is specifically committed to some other Government agency under subsection (a) of this section, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System shall enforce such requirements.
(2) Additional remedy
If the Board determines that—
(A) any depository institution which is not a depository institution described in subsection (a) of this section, or
(B) any other person subject to the authority of the Board under this chapter, including any person subject to the authority of the Board under section 4004 (d)(2) or 4008 (c) of this title,
has failed to comply with any requirement imposed by this chapter or by the Board under this chapter, the Board may issue an order prohibiting any depository institution, any Federal Reserve bank, or any other person subject to the authority of the Board from engaging in any activity or transaction which directly or indirectly involves such noncomplying depository institution or person (including any activity or transaction involving the receipt, payment, collection, and clearing of checks and any related function of the payment system with respect to checks).
(d) Procedural rules
The authority of the Board to prescribe regulations under this chapter does not impair the authority of any other agency designated in this section to make rules regarding its own procedures in enforcing compliance with requirements imposed under this chapter.

Source

(Pub. L. 100–86, title VI, § 610,Aug. 10, 1987, 101 Stat. 649; Pub. L. 101–73, title VII, § 744(d),Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 438; Pub. L. 102–242, title II, § 212(h),Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2303.)
References in Text

The Federal Credit Union Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(3), is act June 26, 1934, ch. 750, 48 Stat. 1216, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 14 (§ 1751 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see section 1751 of this title and Tables.
Amendments

1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–242, § 212(h)(2), inserted at end “The terms used in paragraph (1) that are not defined in this chapter or otherwise defined in section 3(s) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813 (s)) shall have the meaning given to them in section 1(b) of the International Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3101).”
Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–242, § 212(h)(1), added par. (1) and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “section 8 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act in the case of—
“(A) national banks, by the Comptroller of the Currency;
“(B) member banks of the Federal Reserve System (other than national banks), by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; and
“(C) banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (other than members of the Federal Reserve System), by the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;”.
1989—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 101–73amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “section 5(d) of the Home Owners’ Loan Act of 1933, section 407 of the National Housing Act, and section 17 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act, by the Federal Home Loan Bank Board (acting directly or through the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation), in the case of any institution subject to any of those provisions; and”.
Effective Date

Section effective Sept. 1, 1988, see section 613(b) ofPub. L. 100–86, set out as a note under section 4001 of this title.

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12 CFR - Banks and Banking

12 CFR Part 210 - COLLECTION OF CHECKS AND OTHER ITEMS BY FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AND FUNDS TRANSFERS THROUGH FEDWIRE (REGULATION J)

12 CFR Part 229 - AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS AND COLLECTION OF CHECKS (REGULATION CC)

 

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