12 U.S. Code § 4566 - Monitoring and enforcing compliance with housing goals

(a) In general
(1) Authority
The Director shall monitor and enforce compliance with the housing goals established under this subpart and with the duty under section 4565 (a) of this title of each enterprise with respect to underserved markets, as provided in this section.
(2) Guidelines
The Director shall establish guidelines to measure the extent of compliance with the housing goals, which, except as provided in paragraph (5), may assign full credit, partial credit, or no credit toward achievement of the housing goals to different categories of mortgage purchase activities of the enterprises, based on such criteria as the Director deems appropriate.
(3) Extent of compliance
In determining compliance with the housing goals established under this subpart, the Director—
(A) shall consider any single mortgage purchased by an enterprise as contributing to the achievement of each housing goal for which such mortgage purchase qualifies; and
(B) may take into consideration the number of housing units financed by any mortgage on housing purchased by an enterprise.
(4) Enforcement of duty to provide mortgage credit to underserved markets
The duty under section 4565 (a) of this title of each enterprise to serve underserved markets (as determined in accordance with section 4565 (c) of this title) shall be enforceable under this section to the same extent and under the same provisions that the housing goals established under this subpart are enforceable. Such duty shall be enforceable only under this section, except that such duty shall not be subject to subsection (c)(7) of this section and shall not be enforceable under any other provision of this chapter (including subpart 3 of this part) or under any provision of the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act [12 U.S.C. 1716 et seq.] or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act [12 U.S.C. 1451 et seq.].
(5) Additional credit
The Director may assign additional credit toward achievement, under this section, of the housing goals for mortgage purchase activities of the enterprises that comply with the requirements of such goals and support housing that includes a licensed childcare center. The availability of additional credit under this paragraph shall not be used to increase any housing goal, subgoal, or target established under this subpart.
(b) Notice and preliminary determination of failure to meet goals
(1) Notice
If the Director preliminarily determines that an enterprise has failed, or that there is a substantial probability that an enterprise will fail, to meet any housing goal under this subpart, the Director shall provide written notice to the enterprise of such a preliminary determination, the reasons for such determination, and the information on which the Director based the determination.
(2) Response period
(A) In general
During the 30-day period beginning on the date on which an enterprise is provided notice under paragraph (1), the enterprise may submit to the Director any written information that the enterprise considers appropriate for consideration by the Director in finally determining whether such failure has occurred or whether the achievement of such goal was or is feasible.
(B) Extended period
The Director may extend the period under subparagraph (A) for good cause for not more than 30 additional days.
(C) Shortened period
The Director may shorten the period under subparagraph (A) for good cause.
(D) Failure to respond
The failure of an enterprise to provide information during the 30-day period under this paragraph (as extended or shortened) shall waive any right of the enterprise to comment on the proposed determination or action of the Director.
(3) Consideration of information and final determination
(A) In general
After the expiration of the response period under paragraph (2), or upon receipt of information provided during such period by the enterprise, whichever occurs earlier, the Director shall issue a final determination on—
(i) whether the enterprise has failed, or there is a substantial probability that the enterprise will fail, to meet the housing goal; and
(ii) whether (taking into consideration market and economic conditions and the financial condition of the enterprise) the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible.
(B) Considerations
In making a final determination under subparagraph (A), the Director shall take into consideration any relevant information submitted by the enterprise during the response period.
(C) Notice
The Director shall provide written notice, including a response to any information submitted during the response period, to the enterprise, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives, of—
(i) each final determination under this paragraph that an enterprise has failed, or that there is a substantial probability that the enterprise will fail, to meet a housing goal;
(ii) each final determination that the achievement of a housing goal was or is feasible; and
(iii) the reasons for each such final determination.
(c) Cease and desist, civil money penalties, and remedies including housing plans
(1) Requirement
If the Director finds, pursuant to subsection (b), that there is a substantial probability that an enterprise will fail, or has actually failed, to meet any housing goal under this subpart, and that the achievement of the housing goal was or is feasible, the Director may require that the enterprise submit a housing plan under this subsection. If the Director makes such a finding and the enterprise refuses to submit such a plan, submits an unacceptable plan, or fails to comply with the plan, the Director may issue a cease and desist order in accordance with section 4581 of this title and impose civil money penalties in accordance with section 4585 of this title.
(2) Housing plan
If the Director requires a housing plan under this subsection, such a plan shall be—
(A) a feasible plan describing the specific actions the enterprise will take—
(i) to achieve the goal for the next calendar year; and
(ii) if the Director determines that there is a substantial probability that the enterprise will fail to meet a goal in the current year, to make such improvements and changes in its operations as are reasonable in the remainder of such year; and
(B) sufficiently specific to enable the Director to monitor compliance periodically.
(3) Deadline for submission
The Director shall establish a deadline for an enterprise to submit a housing plan to the Director, which may not be more than 45 days after the enterprise is provided notice. The Director may extend the deadline to the extent that the Director determines necessary. Any extension of the deadline shall be in writing and for a time certain.
(4) Approval
The Director shall review each submission by an enterprise, including a housing plan submitted under this subsection, and, not later than 30 days after submission, approve or disapprove the plan or other action. The Director may extend the period for approval or disapproval for a single additional 30-day period if the Director determines it necessary. The Director shall approve any plan that the Director determines is likely to succeed, and conforms with the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act [12 U.S.C. 1716 et seq.] or the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act [12 U.S.C. 1451 et seq.] (as applicable), this chapter, and any other applicable provision of law.
(5) Notice of approval and disapproval
The Director shall provide written notice to any enterprise submitting a housing plan of the approval or disapproval of the plan (which shall include the reasons for any disapproval of the plan) and of any extension of the period for approval or disapproval.
(6) Resubmission
If the initial housing plan submitted by an enterprise under this section is disapproved, the enterprise shall submit an amended plan acceptable to the Director not later than 15 days after such disapproval, or such longer period that the Director determines is in the public interest.
(7) Cease and desist orders; civil money penalties
Solely with respect to the housing goals established under sections 4562 (a) and 4563 (a)(1) of this title, if the Director requires an enterprise to submit a housing plan under this subsection and the enterprise refuses to submit such a plan, submits an unacceptable plan, or fails to comply with the plan, the Director may issue a cease and desist order in accordance with section 4581 of this title, impose civil money penalties in accordance with section 4585 of this title, exercise other appropriate enforcement authority or seek other appropriate actions.

Source

(Pub. L. 102–550, title XIII, § 1336,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3962; Pub. L. 110–289, div. A, title I, §§ 1122(a)(1), 1128 (c)(2), 1129 (b), (c), 1130(a),July 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2689, 2702, 2705, 2706.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a)(4) and (c)(4), was in the original “this title”, meaning title XIII of Pub. L. 102–550, Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3941, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of title XIII to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 4501 of this title and Tables.
The Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act, referred to in subsecs. (a)(4) and (c)(4), is title III of act June 27, 1934, ch. 847, 48 Stat. 1252, which is classified generally to subchapter III (§ 1716 et seq.) of chapter 13 of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1716 of this title and Tables.
The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation Act, referred to in subsecs. (a)(4) and (c)(4), is title III of Pub. L. 91–351, July 24, 1970, 84 Stat. 451, which is classified generally to chapter 11A (§ 1451 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title and Statement of Purpose note set out under section 1451 of this title and Tables.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–289, § 1122(a)(1), substituted “Director” for “Secretary” wherever appearing in pars. (1) to (3).
Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 110–289, § 1129(b)(1), inserted “and with the duty under section 4565 (a) of this title of each enterprise with respect to underserved markets,” before “as provided in this section”.
Pub. L. 110–289, § 1128(c)(2), substituted “this subpart” for “sections 4562, 4563, and 4564 of this title,”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 110–289, § 1129(c)(1), inserted “, except as provided in paragraph (5),” before “may assign”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 110–289, § 1129(b)(2), added par. (4).
Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 110–289, § 1129(c)(2), added par. (5).
Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 110–289, § 1130(a), added subsecs. (b) and (c) and struck out former subsecs. (b) and (c) which related to notice and determination of failure to meet housing goals and submission of housing plans, respectively.

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12 CFR - Banks and Banking

12 CFR Part 1282 - ENTERPRISE HOUSING GOALS AND MISSION

24 CFR - Housing and Urban Development

24 CFR Part 81 - THE SECRETARY OF HUD'S REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC)

 

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