12 U.S. Code § 4741 - Findings and purposes

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(a) Findings
The Congress finds that—
(1) small business concerns are a vital part of the economy, accounting for the majority of new jobs, new products, and new services created in the United States;
(2) adequate access to debt capital is a critical component for small business development, productivity, expansion, and success in the United States;
(3) commercial banks are the most important suppliers of debt capital to small business concerns in the United States;
(4) commercial banks and other depository institutions have various incentives to minimize their risk in financing small business concerns;
(5) as a result of such incentives, many small business concerns with economically sound financing needs are unable to obtain access to needed debt capital;
(6) the small business capital access programs implemented by certain States are a flexible and efficient tool to assist financial institutions in providing access to needed debt capital for many small business concerns in a manner consistent with safety and soundness regulations;
(7) a small business capital access program would complement other programs which assist small business concerns in obtaining access to capital; and
(8) Federal policy can stimulate and accelerate efforts by States to implement small business capital access programs by providing an incentive to States, while leaving the administration of such programs to each participating State.
(b) Purposes
By encouraging States to implement administratively efficient capital access programs that encourage commercial banks and other depository institutions to provide access to debt capital for a broad portfolio of small business concerns, and thereby promote a more efficient and effective debt market, the purposes of this subchapter are—
(1) to promote economic opportunity and growth;
(2) to create jobs;
(3) to promote economic efficiency;
(4) to enhance productivity; and
(5) to spur innovation.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–325, title II, § 251,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2203.)
Effective Date

Pub. L. 103–325, title II, § 261,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2214, provided that: “This subtitle [subtitle B (§§ 251–261) of title II of Pub. L. 103–325, enacting this subchapter] shall become effective on January 6, 1996.”
Small Business Lending Fund

Pub. L. 111–240, title IV, subtitle A, Sept. 27, 2010, 124 Stat. 2582, provided that:
“SEC. 4101. PURPOSE.
“The purpose of this subtitle is to address the ongoing effects of the financial crisis on small businesses by providing temporary authority to the Secretary of the Treasury to make capital investments in eligible institutions in order to increase the availability of credit for small businesses.
“SEC. 4102. DEFINITIONS.
“For purposes of this subtitle:
“(1) Appropriate committees of congress.—The term ‘appropriate committees of Congress’ means—
“(A) the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship, the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Finance, the Committee on the Budget, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
“(B) the Committee on Small Business, the Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, the Committee on the Budget, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
“(2) Appropriate federal banking agency.—The term ‘appropriate Federal banking agency’ has the meaning given such term under section 3(q) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813 (q)).
“(3) Bank holding company.—The term ‘bank holding company’ has the meaning given such term under section 2(a)(1) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 1841 (2)(a)(1)).
“(4) Call report.—The term ‘call report’ means—
“(A) reports of Condition and Income submitted to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;
“(B) the Office of Thrift Supervision Thrift Financial Report;
“(C) any report that is designated by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, or the Office of Thrift Supervision, as applicable, as a successor to any report referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B);
“(D) reports of Condition and Income as designated through guidance developed by the Secretary, in consultation with the Director of the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund; and
“(E) with respect to an eligible institution for which no report exists that is described under subparagraph (A), (B), (C), or (D), such other report or set of information as the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, may prescribe.
“(5) CDCI.—The term ‘CDCI’ means the Community Development Capital Initiative created by the Secretary under the Troubled Asset Relief Program established by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 [div. A of Pub. L. 110–343, see Short Title note set out under section 5201 of this title].
“(6) CDCI investment.—The term ‘CDCI investment’ means, with respect to any eligible institution, the principal amount of any investment made by the Secretary in such eligible institution under the CDCI that has not been repaid.
“(7) CDFI; community development financial institution.—The terms ‘CDFI’ and ‘community development financial institution’ have the meaning given the term ‘community development financial institution’ under the Riegle Community Development and Regulatory Improvement Act of 1994 [Pub. L. 103–325, see Tables for classification].
“(8) CDLF; community development loan fund.—The terms ‘CDLF’ and ‘community development loan fund’ mean any entity that—
“(A) is certified by the Department of the Treasury as a community development financial institution loan fund;
“(B) is exempt from taxation under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.]; and
“(C) had assets less than or equal to $10,000,000,000 as of the end of the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009.
“(9) CPP.—The term ‘CPP’ means the Capital Purchase Program created by the Secretary under the Troubled Asset Relief Program established by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.
“(10) CPP investment.—The term ‘CPP investment’ means, with respect to any eligible institution, the principal amount of any investment made by the Secretary in such eligible institution under the CPP that has not been repaid.
“(11) Eligible institution.—The term ‘eligible institution’ means—
“(A) any insured depository institution, which—
“(i) is not controlled by a bank holding company or savings and loan holding company that is also an eligible institution;
“(ii) has total assets of equal to or less than $10,000,000,000, as reported in the call report of the insured depository institution as of the end of the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009; and
“(iii) is not directly or indirectly controlled by any company or other entity that has total consolidated assets of more than $10,000,000,000, as so reported;
“(B) any bank holding company which has total consolidated assets of equal to or less than $10,000,000,000, as reported in the call report of the bank holding company as of the end of the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009;
“(C) any savings and loan holding company which has total consolidated assets of equal to or less than $10,000,000,000, as reported in the call report of the savings and loan holding company as of the end of the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009; and
“(D) any community development financial institution loan fund which has total assets of equal to or less than $10,000,000,000, as reported in audited financial statements for the fiscal year of the community development financial institution loan fund that ends in calendar year 2009.
“(12) Fund.—The term ‘Fund’ means the Small Business Lending Fund established under section 4103 (a)(1).
“(13) Insured depository institution.—The term ‘insured depository institution’ has the meaning given such term under section 3(c)(2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813 (c)(2)).
“(14) Minority-owned and women-owned business.—The terms ‘minority-owned business’ and ‘women-owned business’ shall have the meaning given the terms ‘minority-owned business’ and ‘women’s business’, respectively, under section 21A(r)(4) of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1441A (r)(4)).
“(15) Program.—The term ‘Program’ means the Small Business Lending Fund Program authorized under section 4103 (a)(2).
“(16) Savings and loan holding company.—The term ‘savings and loan holding company’ has the meaning given such term under section 10(a)(1)(D) of the Home Owners’ Loan Act (12 U.S.C. 1467a (a)(1)(D)).
“(17) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of the Treasury.
“(18) Small business lending.—
“(A) In general.—The term ‘small business lending’ means lending, as defined by and reported in an eligible institutions’ quarterly call report, where each loan comprising such lending is one of the following types:
“(i) Commercial and industrial loans.
“(ii) Owner-occupied nonfarm, nonresidential real estate loans.
“(iii) Loans to finance agricultural production and other loans to farmers.
“(iv) Loans secured by farmland.
“(B) Exclusion.—No loan that has an original amount greater than $10,000,000 or that goes to a business with more than $50,000,000 in revenues shall be included in the measure.
“(C) Treatment of holding companies.—In the case of eligible institutions that are bank holding companies or savings and loan holding companies having one or more insured depository institution subsidiaries, small business lending shall be measured based on the combined small business lending reported in the call report of the insured depository institution subsidiaries.
“(19) Veteran-owned business.—
“(A) The term ‘veteran-owned business’ means a business—
“(i) more than 50 percent of the ownership or control of which is held by 1 or more veterans;
“(ii) more than 50 percent of the net profit or loss of which accrues to 1 or more veterans; and
“(iii) a significant percentage of senior management positions of which are held by veterans.
“(B) For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘veteran’ has the meaning given such term in section 101 (2) of title 38, United States Code.
“SEC. 4103. SMALL BUSINESS LENDING FUND.
“(a) Fund and Program.—
“(1) Fund established.—There is established in the Treasury of the United States a fund to be known as the ‘Small Business Lending Fund’, which shall be administered by the Secretary.
“(2) Programs authorized.—The Secretary is authorized to establish the Small Business Lending Fund Program for using the Fund consistent with this subtitle.
“(b) Use of Fund.—
“(1) In general.—Subject to paragraph (2), the Fund shall be available to the Secretary, without further appropriation or fiscal year limitation, for the costs of purchases (including commitments to purchase), and modifications of such purchases, of preferred stock and other financial instruments from eligible institutions on such terms and conditions as are determined by the Secretary in accordance with this subtitle. For purposes of this paragraph and with respect to an eligible institution, the term ‘other financial instruments’ shall include only debt instruments for which such eligible institution is fully liable or equity equivalent capital of the eligible institution. Such debt instruments may be subordinated to the claims of other creditors of the eligible institution.
“(2) Maximum purchase limit.—The aggregate amount of purchases (and commitments to purchase) made pursuant to paragraph (1) may not exceed $30,000,000,000.
“(3) Proceeds used to pay down public debt.—All funds received by the Secretary in connection with purchases made pursuant to paragraph (1), including interest payments, dividend payments, and proceeds from the sale of any financial instrument, shall be paid into the general fund of the Treasury for reduction of the public debt.
“(4) Limitation on purchases from cdlfs.—
“(A) In general.—Not more than 1 percent of the maximum purchase limit of the Program, pursuant to paragraph (2), may be used to make purchases from community development loan funds.
“(B) Eligibility standards.—The Secretary, in consultation with the Community Development Financial Institutions Fund, shall develop eligibility criteria to determine the financial ability of a CDLF to participate in the Program and repay the investment. Such criteria shall include the following:
“(i) Ratio of net assets to total assets is at least 20 percent.
“(ii) Ratio of loan loss reserves to loans and leases 90 days or more delinquent (including loans sold with full recourse) is at least 30 percent.
“(iii) Positive net income measured on a 3-year rolling average.
“(iv) Operating liquidity ratio of at least 1.0 for the 4 most recent quarters and for one or both of the two preceding years.
“(v) Ratio of loans and leases 90 days or more delinquent (including loans sold with full recourse) to total equity plus loan loss reserves is less than 40 percent.
“(C) Requirement to submit audited financial statements.—CDLFs participating in the Program shall submit audited financial statements to the Secretary, have a clean audit opinion, and have at least 3 years of operating experience.
“(c) Credits to the Fund.—There shall be credited to the Fund amounts made available pursuant to section 4108, to the extent provided by appropriations Acts.
“(d) Terms.—
“(1) Application.—
“(A) Institutions with assets of $1,000,000,000 or less.—Eligible institutions having total assets equal to or less than $1,000,000,000, as reported in a call report as of the end of the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009, may apply to receive a capital investment from the Fund in an amount not exceeding 5 percent of risk-weighted assets, as reported in the call report immediately preceding the date of application, less the amount of any CDCI investment and any CPP investment.
“(B) Institutions with assets of more than $1,000,000,000 and less than or equal to $10,000,000,000.—Eligible institutions having total assets of more than $1,000,000,000 but less than $10,000,000,000, as of the end of the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009, may apply to receive a capital investment from the Fund in an amount not exceeding 3 percent of risk-weighted assets, as reported in the call report immediately preceding the date of application, less the amount of any CDCI investment and any CPP investment.
“(C) Treatment of holding companies.—In the case of an eligible institution that is a bank holding company or a savings and loan holding company having one or more insured depository institution subsidiaries, total assets shall be measured based on the combined total assets reported in the call report of the insured depository institution subsidiaries as of the end of the fourth quarter of calendar year 2009 and risk-weighted assets shall be measured based on the combined risk-weighted assets of the insured depository institution subsidiaries as reported in the call report immediately preceding the date of application.
“(D) Treatment of applicants that are institutions controlled by holding companies.—If an eligible institution that applies to receive a capital investment under the Program is under the control of a bank holding company or a savings and loan holding company, then the Secretary may use the Fund to purchase preferred stock or other financial instruments from the top-tier bank holding company or savings and loan holding company of such eligible institution, as applicable. For purposes of this subparagraph, the term ‘control’ with respect to a bank holding company shall have the same meaning as in section 2(a)(2) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 (12 U.S.C. 1841 (2)(a)(2)). For purposes of this subparagraph, the term ‘control’ with respect to a savings and loan holding company shall have the same meaning as in 10(a)(2) of the Home Owners’ Loan Act (12 U.S.C. 1467a (a)(2)).
“(E) Requirement to provide a small business lending plan.—At the time that an applicant submits an application to the Secretary for a capital investment under the Program, the applicant shall deliver to the appropriate Federal banking agency, and, for applicants that are State-chartered banks, to the appropriate State banking regulator, a small business lending plan describing how the applicant’s business strategy and operating goals will allow it to address the needs of small businesses in the areas it serves, as well as a plan to provide linguistically and culturally appropriate outreach, where appropriate. In the case of eligible institutions that are community development loan funds, this plan shall be submitted to the Secretary. This plan shall be confidential supervisory information.
“(F) Treatment of applicants that are community development loan funds.—Eligible institutions that are community development loan funds may apply to receive a capital investment from the Fund in an amount not exceeding 5 percent of total assets, as reported in the audited financial statements for the fiscal year of the eligible institution that ends in calendar year 2009.
“(2) Consultation with regulators.—For each eligible institution that applies to receive a capital investment under the Program, the Secretary shall—
“(A) consult with the appropriate Federal banking agency or, in the case of an eligible institution that is a nondepository community development financial institution, the Community Development Financial Institution Fund, for the eligible institution, to determine whether the eligible institution may receive such capital investment;
“(B) in the case of an eligible institution that is a State-chartered bank, consider any views received from the State banking regulator of the State of the eligible institution regarding the financial condition of the eligible institution; and
“(C) in the case of a community development financial institution loan fund, consult with the Community Development Financial Institution Fund.
“(3) Consideration of matched private investments.—
“(A) In general.—For an eligible institution that applies to receive a capital investment under the Program, if the entity to be consulted under paragraph (2) would not otherwise recommend the eligible institution to receive the capital investment, the Secretary, in consultation with the entity to be so consulted, may consider whether the entity to be consulted would recommend the eligible institution to receive a capital investment based on the financial condition of the institution if the conditions in subparagraph (B) are satisfied.
“(B) Conditions.—The conditions referred to in subparagraph (A) are as follows:
“(i) Capital sources.—The eligible institution shall receive capital both under the Program and from private, nongovernment investors.
“(ii) Amount of capital.—The amount of capital to be received under the Program shall not exceed 3 percent of risk-weighted assets, as reported in the call report immediately preceding the date of application, less the amount of any CDCI investment and any CPP investment.
“(iii) Terms.—The amount of capital to be received from private, nongovernment investors shall be—
     “(I) equal to or greater than 100 percent of the capital to be received under the Program; and      “(II) subordinate to the capital investment made by the Secretary under the Program.
“(4) Ineligibility of institutions on fdic problem bank list.—
“(A) In general.—An eligible institution may not receive any capital investment under the Program, if—
“(i) such institution is on the FDIC problem bank list; or
“(ii) such institution has been removed from the FDIC problem bank list for less than 90 days.
“(B) Construction.—Nothing in subparagraph (A) shall be construed as limiting the discretion of the Secretary to deny the application of an eligible institution that is not on the FDIC problem bank list.
“(C) FDIC problem bank list defined.—For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘FDIC problem bank list’ means the list of depository institutions having a current rating of 4 or 5 under the Uniform Financial Institutions Rating System, or such other list designated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
“(5) Incentives to lend.—
“(A) Requirements on preferred stock and other financial instruments.—Any preferred stock or other financial instrument issued to Treasury by an eligible institution receiving a capital investment under the Program shall provide that—
“(i) the rate at which dividends or interest are payable shall be 5 percent per annum initially;
“(ii) within the first 2 years after the date of the capital investment under the Program, the rate may be adjusted based on the amount of an eligible institution’s small business lending. Changes in the amount of small business lending shall be measured against the average amount of small business lending reported by the eligible institution in its call reports for the 4 full quarters immediately preceding the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 27, 2010], minus adjustments from each quarterly balance in respect of—
     “(I) net loan charge offs with respect to small business lending; and      “(II) gains realized by the eligible institution resulting from mergers, acquisitions or purchases of loans after origination and syndication; which adjustments shall be determined in accordance with guidance promulgated by the Secretary; and
“(iii) during any calendar quarter during the initial 2-year period referred to in clause (ii), an institution’s rate shall be adjusted to reflect the following schedule, based on that institution’s change in the amount of small business lending relative to the baseline—
     “(I) if the amount of small business lending has increased by less than 2.5 percent, the dividend or interest rate shall be 5 percent;      “(II) if the amount of small business lending has increased by 2.5 percent or greater, but by less than 5.0 percent, the dividend or interest rate shall be 4 percent;      “(III) if the amount of small business lending has increased by 5.0 percent or greater, but by less than 7.5 percent, the dividend or interest rate shall be 3 percent;      “(IV) if the amount of small business lending has increased by 7.5 percent or greater, and but by less than 10.0 percent, the dividend or interest rate shall be 2 percent; or      “(V) if the amount of small business lending has increased by 10 percent or greater, the dividend or interest rate shall be 1 percent.
“(B) Basis of initial rate.—The initial dividend or interest rate shall be based on call report data published in the quarter immediately preceding the date of the capital investment under the Program.
“(C) Timing of rate adjustments.—Any rate adjustment shall occur in the calendar quarter following the publication of call report data, such that the rate based on call report data from any one calendar quarter, which is published in the first following calendar quarter, shall be adjusted in that first following calendar quarter and payable in the second following quarter.
“(D) Rate following initial 2-year period.—Generally, the rate based on call report data from the eighth calendar quarter after the date of the capital investment under the Program shall be payable until the expiration of the 41/2-year period that begins on the date of the investment. In the case where the amount of small business lending has remained the same or decreased relative to the institution’s baseline in the eighth quarter after the date of the capital investment under the Program, the rate shall be 7 percent until the expiration of the 41/2-year period that begins on the date of the investment.
“(E) Rate following initial 41/2-year period.—The dividend or interest rate paid on any preferred stock or other financial instrument issued by an eligible institution that receives a capital investment under the Program shall increase to 9 percent at the end of the 41/2-year period that begins on the date of the capital investment under the Program.
“(F) Limitation on rate reductions with respect to certain amount.—The reduction in the dividend or interest rate payable to Treasury by any eligible institution shall be limited such that the rate reduction shall not apply to a dollar amount of the investment made by Treasury that is greater than the dollar amount increase in the amount of small business lending realized under this program. The Secretary may issue guidelines that will apply to new capital investments limiting the amount of capital available to eligible institutions consistent with this limitation.
“(G) Rate adjustments for s corporation.—Before making a capital investment in an eligible institution that is an S corporation or a corporation organized on a mutual basis, the Secretary may adjust the dividend or interest rate on the financial instrument to be issued to the Secretary, from the dividend or interest rate that would apply under subparagraphs (A) through (F), to take into account any differential tax treatment of securities issued by such eligible institution. For purpose of this subparagraph, the term ‘S corporation’ has the same meaning as in section 1361(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 1361 (a)].
“(H) Repayment deadline.—The capital investment received by an eligible institution under the Program shall be evidenced by preferred stock or other financial instrument that—
“(i) includes, as a term and condition, that the capital investment will—
     “(I) be repaid not later than the end of the 10-year period beginning on the date of the capital investment under the Program; or      “(II) at the end of such 10-year period, be subject to such additional terms as the Secretary shall prescribe, which shall include a requirement that the stock or instrument shall carry the highest dividend or interest rate payable; and
“(ii) provides that the term and condition described under clause (i) shall not apply if the application of that term and condition would adversely affect the capital treatment of the stock or financial instrument under current or successor applicable capital provisions compared to a capital instrument with identical terms other than the term and condition described under clause (i).
     “(I) Requirements on financial instruments issued by a community development financial institution loan fund.—Any equity equivalent capital issued to the Treasury by a community development loan fund receiving a capital investment under the Program shall provide that the rate at which interest is payable shall be 2 percent per annum for 8 years. After 8 years, the rate at which interest is payable shall be 9 percent.
“(6) Additional incentives to repay.—The Secretary may, by regulation or guidance issued under section 4104 (9), establish repayment incentives in addition to the incentive in paragraph (5)(E) that will apply to new capital investments in a manner that the Secretary determines to be consistent with the purposes of this subtitle.
“(7) Capital purchase program refinance.—
“(A) In general.—The Secretary shall, in a manner that the Secretary determines to be consistent with the purposes of this subtitle, issue regulations and other guidance to permit eligible institutions to refinance securities issued to Treasury under the CDCI and the CPP for securities to be issued under the Program.
“(B) Prohibition on participation by non-paying cpp participants.—Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any eligible institution that has missed more than one dividend payment due under the CPP. For purposes of this subparagraph, a CPP dividend payment that is submitted within 60 days of the due date of such payment shall not be considered a missed dividend payment.
“(8) Outreach to minorities, women, and veterans.—The Secretary shall require eligible institutions receiving capital investments under the Program to provide linguistically and culturally appropriate outreach and advertising in the applicant pool describing the availability and application process of receiving loans from the eligible institution that are made possible by the Program through the use of print, radio, television or electronic media outlets which target organizations, trade associations, and individuals that—
“(A) represent or work within or are members of minority communities;
“(B) represent or work with or are women; and
“(C) represent or work with or are veterans.
“(9) Additional terms.—The Secretary may, by regulation or guidance issued under section 4104 (9), make modifications that will apply to new capital investments in order to manage risks associated with the administration of the Fund in a manner consistent with the purposes of this subtitle.
“(10) Minimum underwriting standards.—The appropriate Federal banking agency for an eligible institution that receives funds under the Program shall within 60 days issue guidance regarding prudent underwriting standards that must be used for loans made by the eligible institution using such funds.
“SEC. 4104. ADDITIONAL AUTHORITIES OF THE SECRETARY.
“The Secretary may take such actions as the Secretary deems necessary to carry out the authorities in this subtitle, including, without limitation, the following:
“(1) The Secretary may use the services of any agency or instrumentality of the United States or component thereof on a reimbursable basis, and any such agency or instrumentality or component thereof is authorized to provide services as requested by the Secretary using all authorities vested in or delegated to that agency, instrumentality, or component.
“(2) The Secretary may enter into contracts, including contracts for services authorized by section 3109 of title 5, United States Code.
“(3) The Secretary may designate any bank, savings association, trust company, security broker or dealer, asset manager, or investment adviser as a financial agent of the Federal Government and such institution shall perform all such reasonable duties related to this subtitle as financial agent of the Federal Government as may be required. The Secretary shall have authority to amend existing agreements with financial agents, entered into during the 2-year period before the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 27, 2010], to perform reasonable duties related to this subtitle.
“(4) The Secretary may exercise any rights received in connection with any preferred stock or other financial instruments or assets purchased or acquired pursuant to the authorities granted under this subtitle.
“(5) Subject to section 4103 (b)(3), the Secretary may manage any assets purchased under this subtitle, including revenues and portfolio risks therefrom.
“(6) The Secretary may sell, dispose of, transfer, exchange or enter into securities loans, repurchase transactions, or other financial transactions in regard to, any preferred stock or other financial instrument or asset purchased or acquired under this subtitle, upon terms and conditions and at a price determined by the Secretary.
“(7) The Secretary may manage or prohibit conflicts of interest that may arise in connection with the administration and execution of the authorities provided under this subtitle.
“(8) The Secretary may establish and use vehicles, subject to supervision by the Secretary, to purchase, hold, and sell preferred stock or other financial instruments and issue obligations.
“(9) The Secretary may, in consultation with the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, issue such regulations and other guidance as may be necessary or appropriate to define terms or carry out the authorities or purposes of this subtitle.
“SEC. 4105. CONSIDERATIONS.
“In exercising the authorities granted in this subtitle, the Secretary shall take into consideration—
“(1) increasing the availability of credit for small businesses;
“(2) providing funding to minority-owned eligible institutions and other eligible institutions that serve small businesses that are minority-, veteran-, and women-owned and that also serve low- and moderate-income, minority, and other underserved or rural communities;
“(3) protecting and increasing American jobs;
“(4) increasing the opportunity for small business development in areas with high unemployment rates that exceed the national average;
“(5) ensuring that all eligible institutions may apply to participate in the program established under this subtitle, without discrimination based on geography;
“(6) providing transparency with respect to use of funds provided under this subtitle;
“(7) minimizing the cost to taxpayers of exercising the authorities;
“(8) promoting and engaging in financial education to would-be borrowers; and
“(9) providing funding to eligible institutions that serve small businesses directly affected by the discharge of oil arising from the explosion on and sinking of the mobile offshore drilling unit Deepwater Horizon and small businesses in communities that have suffered negative economic effects as a result of that discharge with particular consideration to States along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
“SEC. 4106. REPORTS.
“The Secretary shall provide to the appropriate committees of Congress—
“(1) within 7 days of the end of each month commencing with the first month in which transactions are made under the Program, a written report describing all of the transactions made during the reporting period pursuant to the authorities granted under this subtitle;
“(2) after the end of March and the end of September, commencing September 30, 2010, a written report on all projected costs and liabilities, all operating expenses, including compensation for financial agents, and all transactions made by the Fund, which shall include participating institutions and amounts each institution has received under the Program; and
“(3) within 7 days of the end of each calendar quarter commencing with the first calendar quarter in which transactions are made under the Program, a written report detailing how eligible institutions participating in the Program have used the funds such institutions received under the Program.
“SEC. 4107. OVERSIGHT AND AUDITS.
“(a) Inspector General Oversight.—The Inspector General of the Department of the Treasury shall conduct, supervise, and coordinate audits and investigations of the Program through the Office of Small Business Lending Fund Program Oversight established under subsection (b).
“(b) Office of Small Business Lending Fund Program Oversight.—
“(1) Establishment.—There is hereby established within the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of the Treasury a new office to be named the ‘Office of Small Business Lending Fund Program Oversight’ to provide oversight of the Program.
“(2) Leadership.—The Inspector General shall appoint a Special Deputy Inspector General for SBLF Program Oversight to lead the Office, with commensurate staff, who shall report directly to the Inspector General and who shall be responsible for the performance of all auditing and investigative activities relating to the Program.
“(3) Reporting.—
“(A) In general.—The Inspector General shall issue a report no less than two times a year to the Congress and the Secretary devoted to the oversight provided by the Office, including any recommendations for improvements to the Program.
“(B) Recommendations.—With respect to any deficiencies identified in a report under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall either—
“(i) take actions to address such deficiencies; or
“(ii) certify to the appropriate committees of Congress that no action is necessary or appropriate.
“(4) Coordination.—The Inspector General, in maximizing the effectiveness of the Office, shall work with other Offices of Inspector General, as appropriate, to minimize duplication of effort and ensure comprehensive oversight of the Program.
“(5) Termination.—The Office shall terminate at the end of the 6-month period beginning on the date on which all capital investments are repaid under the Program or the date on which the Secretary determines that any remaining capital investments will not be repaid.
“(6) Definitions.—For purposes of this subsection:
“(A) Office.—The term ‘Office’ means the Office of Small Business Lending Fund Program Oversight established under paragraph (1).
“(B) Inspector general.—The term ‘Inspector General’ means the Inspector General of the Department of the Treasury.
“(c) GAO Audit.—The Comptroller General of the United States shall perform an annual audit of the Program and issue a report to the appropriate committees of Congress containing the results of such audit.
“(d) Required Certifications.—
“(1) Eligible institution certification.—Each eligible institution that participates in the Program must certify that such institution is in compliance with the requirements of section 103.121 of title 31, Code of Federal Regulations, a regulation that, at a minimum, requires financial institutions, as that term is defined in 31 U.S.C. 5312 (a)(2) and (c)(1)(A), to implement reasonable procedures to verify the identity of any person seeking to open an account, to the extent reasonable and practicable, maintain records of the information used to verify the person’s identity, and determine whether the person appears on any lists of known or suspected terrorists or terrorist organizations provided to the financial institution by any government agency.
“(2) Loan recipients.—With respect to funds received by an eligible institution under the Program, any business receiving a loan from the eligible institution using such funds after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 27, 2010] shall certify to such eligible institution that the principals of such business have not been convicted of a sex offense against a minor (as such terms are defined in section 111 of the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (42 U.S.C. 16911)).
“(e) Prohibition on Pornography.—None of the funds made available under this subtitle may be used to pay the salary of any individual engaged in activities related to the Program who has been officially disciplined for violations of subpart G of the Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Executive Branch for viewing, downloading, or exchanging pornography, including child pornography, on a Federal Government computer or while performing official Federal Government duties.
“SEC. 4108. CREDIT REFORM; FUNDING.
“(a) Credit Reform.—The cost of purchases of preferred stock and other financial instruments made as capital investments under this subtitle shall be determined as provided under the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661 et seq.).
“(b) Funds Made Available.—There are hereby appropriated, out of funds in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary to pay the costs of $30,000,000,000 of capital investments in eligible institutions, including the costs of modifying such investments, and reasonable costs of administering the program of making, holding, managing, and selling the capital investments.
“SEC. 4109. TERMINATION AND CONTINUATION OF AUTHORITIES.
“(a) Termination of Investment Authority.—The authority to make capital investments in eligible institutions, including commitments to purchase preferred stock or other instruments, provided under this subtitle shall terminate 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 27, 2010].
“(b) Continuation of Other Authorities.—The authorities of the Secretary under section 4104 shall not be limited by the termination date in subsection (a).
“SEC. 4110. PRESERVATION OF AUTHORITY.
“Nothing in this subtitle may be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary under any other provision of law.
“SEC. 4111. ASSURANCES.
“(a) Small Business Lending Fund Separate From TARP.—The Small Business Lending Fund Program is established as separate and distinct from the Troubled Asset Relief Program established by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 [div. A of Pub. L. 110–343, see Short Title note set out under section 5201 of this title]. An institution shall not, by virtue of a capital investment under the Small Business Lending Fund Program, be considered a recipient of the Troubled Asset Relief Program.
“(b) Change in Law.—If, after a capital investment has been made in an eligible institution under the Program, there is a change in law that modifies the terms of the investment or program in a materially adverse respect for the eligible institution, the eligible institution may, after consultation with the appropriate Federal banking agency for the eligible institution, repay the investment without impediment.
“SEC. 4112. STUDY AND REPORT WITH RESPECT TO WOMEN-OWNED, VETERAN-OWNED, AND MINORITY-OWNED BUSINESSES.
“(a) Study.—The Secretary shall conduct a study of the impact of the Program on women-owned businesses, veteran-owned businesses, and minority-owned businesses.
“(b) Report.—Not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 27, 2010], the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the results of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (a). To the extent possible, the Secretary shall disaggregate the results of such study by ethnic group and gender.
“(c) Information Provided to the Secretary.—Eligible institutions that participate in the Program shall provide the Secretary with such information as the Secretary may require to carry out the study required by this section.
“SEC. 4113. SENSE OF CONGRESS.
“It is the sense of Congress that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and other bank regulators are sending mixed messages to banks regarding regulatory capital requirements and lending standards, which is a contributing cause of decreased small business lending and increased regulatory uncertainty at community banks.”

 

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