12 U.S. Code § 4801 - Incorporated definitions

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Unless otherwise specifically provided in this chapter, for purposes of this chapter—
(1) the terms “appropriate Federal banking agency”, “Federal banking agencies”, “insured depository institution”, and “State bank supervisor” have the same meanings as in section 1813 of this title; and
(2) the term “insured credit union” has the same meaning as in section 1752 of this title.

Source

(Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 301,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2214.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in text, was in original “this title” meaning title III of Pub. L. 103–325, Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2214, which enacted this chapter, sections 633 and 2606 of this title, and section 5329 of Title 31, Money and Finance, amended sections 1, 24, 27, 72, 93, 161, 248, 250, 324, 375a, 375b, 482, 1462a, 1464, 1468, 1813, 1815, 1817, 1819 to 1821, 1823, 1828, 1831f, 1831m, 1831p–1, 1831t, 1842, 1843, 1849, 1865, 1953, 2605, 3201, 3205, 3207, 3351, and 4313 of this title and sections 77c, 78c, 1667c, and 1681g of Title 15, Commerce and Trade, enacted provisions set out as notes under this section, sections 24, 633, 1468, 1820, 1831p–1, and 1831t of this title, and sections 78c and 1667c of Title 15, and amended provisions set out as notes under sections 1825 and 1828 of this title. For complete classification of title III to the Code, see Tables.
Use of Subordinated Debt To Protect Financial System and Deposit Funds From “Too Big To Fail” Institutions

Pub. L. 106–102, title I, § 108,Nov. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1361, provided that:
“(a) Study Required.—The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Secretary of the Treasury shall conduct a study of—
“(1) the feasibility and appropriateness of establishing a requirement that, with respect to large insured depository institutions and depository institution holding companies the failure of which could have serious adverse effects on economic conditions or financial stability, such institutions and holding companies maintain some portion of their capital in the form of subordinated debt in order to bring market forces and market discipline to bear on the operation of, and the assessment of the viability of, such institutions and companies and reduce the risk to economic conditions, financial stability, and any deposit insurance fund;
“(2) if such requirement is feasible and appropriate, the appropriate amount or percentage of capital that should be subordinated debt consistent with such purposes; and
“(3) the manner in which any such requirement could be incorporated into existing capital standards and other issues relating to the transition to such a requirement.
“(b) Report.—Before the end of the 18-month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 12, 1999], the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit a report to the Congress containing the findings and conclusions of the Board and the Secretary in connection with the study required under subsection (a), together with such legislative and administrative proposals as the Board and the Secretary may determine to be appropriate.
“(c) Definitions.—For purposes of subsection (a), the following definitions shall apply:
“(1) Bank holding company.—The term ‘bank holding company’ has the meaning given the term in section 2 of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 [12 U.S.C. 1841].
“(2) Insured depository institution.—The term ‘insured depository institution’ has the meaning given the term in section 3(c) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. 1813 (c)].
“(3) Subordinated debt.—The term ‘subordinated debt’ means unsecured debt that—
“(A) has an original weighted average maturity of not less than 5 years;
“(B) is subordinated as to payment of principal and interest to all other indebtedness of the bank, including deposits;
“(C) is not supported by any form of credit enhancement, including a guarantee or standby letter of credit; and
“(D) is not held in whole or in part by any affiliate or institution-affiliated party of the insured depository institution or bank holding company.”
Study and Report on Adapting Existing Legislative Requirements to Online Banking and Lending

Pub. L. 106–102, title VII, § 729,Nov. 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1476, provided that:
“(a) Study Required.—The Federal banking agencies shall conduct a study of banking regulations regarding the delivery of financial services, including those regulations that may assume that there will be person-to-person contact during the course of a financial services transaction, and report their recommendations on adapting those existing requirements to online banking and lending.
“(b) Report Required.—Before the end of the 2-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 12, 1999], the Federal banking agencies shall submit a report to the Congress on the findings and conclusions of the agencies with respect to the study required under subsection (a), together with such recommendations for legislative or regulatory action as the agencies may determine to be appropriate.
“(c) Definition.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘Federal banking agencies’ means each Federal banking agency (as defined in section 3(z) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act [12 U.S.C. 1813 (z)]).”
Treasury Report on Reduced Taxation and Viability of Small Banks

Pub. L. 105–219, title IV, § 403,Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 935, provided that: “The Secretary [of the Treasury] shall, not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 7, 1998], submit a report to the Congress containing—
“(1) recommendations for such legislative and administrative action as the Secretary deems appropriate, that would reduce and simplify the tax burden for—
“(A) insured depository institutions having less than $1,000,000,000 in assets; and
“(B) banks having total assets of not less than $1,000,000,000 nor more than $10,000,000,000; and
“(2) any other recommendations that the Secretary deems appropriate that would preserve the viability and growth of small banking institutions in the United States.”
Study and Report on Capital Standards and Their Impact on Economy

Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 328,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2230, provided that:
“(a) In General.—The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Federal banking agencies, shall conduct a study of the effect that the implementation of risk-based capital standards for depository institutions, including the Basle international capital standards, is having on—
“(1) the safety and soundness of insured depository institutions;
“(2) the availability of credit, particularly to individuals and small businesses; and
“(3) economic growth.
“(b) Report.—
“(1) In general.—Before the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit a report to the Congress on the findings and conclusions of the Secretary with respect to the study conducted under subsection (a).
“(2) Recommendations.—The report shall contain any recommendations with respect to capital standards that the Secretary of the Treasury may determine to be appropriate.”
Study on Impact of Payment of Interest on Reserves

Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 329,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2230, provided that:
“(a) Federal Reserve Study.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, in consultation with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the National Credit Union Administration Board, shall conduct a study and report to the Congress on—
“(1) the necessity, for monetary policy purposes, of continuing to require insured depository institutions to maintain sterile reserves;
“(2) the appropriateness of paying a market rate of interest to insured depository institutions on sterile reserves or, in the alternative, providing for payment of such interest into the appropriate deposit insurance fund;
“(3) the monetary impact that the failure to pay interest on sterile reserves has had on insured depository institutions, including an estimate of the total dollar amount of interest and the potential income lost by insured depository institutions; and
“(4) the impact that the failure to pay interest on sterile reserves has had on the ability of the banking industry to compete with nonbanking providers of financial services and with foreign banks.
“(b) Budgetary Impact Study.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], the Director of the Office of Management and Budget and the Director of the Congressional Budget Office, in consultation with the Committees on the Budget of the Senate and the House of Representatives, shall jointly conduct a study and report to the Congress on the budgetary impact of—
“(1) paying a market rate of interest to insured depository institutions on sterile reserves; and
“(2) paying such interest into the respective deposit insurance funds.”
Study and Report on Consumer Credit System

Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 330,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2231, provided that:
“(a) Study.—The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and the other Federal banking agencies, shall conduct a study of the process, including any Federal laws, by which credit is made available for consumers and small businesses in order to identify procedures, including any Federal laws, which have the effect of—
“(1) reducing the amount of credit available for such purposes or the number of persons eligible for such credit;
“(2) increasing the level of consumer inconvenience, cost, and time delays in connection with the extension of consumer and small business credit without corresponding benefit with respect to the protection of consumers or small businesses or the safety and soundness of insured depository institutions; and
“(3) increasing costs and burdens on insured depository institutions, insured credit unions, and other lenders without corresponding benefit with respect to the protection of consumers or small business concerns or to the safety and soundness of insured institutions.
“(b) Report.—
“(1) In general.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], the Secretary of the Treasury shall submit a report to the Congress on the findings and conclusions of the Secretary with respect to the study conducted under subsection (a).
“(2) Recommendations.—The report required by paragraph (1) shall contain any recommendations for administrative action or statutory changes that the Secretary of the Treasury may determine to be appropriate.
“(c) Public Participation.—In conducting the study required by subsection (a), comments shall be solicited from consumers, representatives of consumers, insured depository institutions, insured credit unions, other lenders, and other interested parties.”
Study on Check-Related Fraud

Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 333,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2233, provided that:
“(a) Study.—The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (hereafter in this section referred to as the ‘Board’) shall conduct a study on the advisability of extending the 1-business-day period specified in section 603(b)(1) of the Expedited Funds Availability Act [12 U.S.C. 4002 (b)(1)], regarding availability of funds deposited by local checks, to 2 business days.
“(b) Considerations.—In conducting the study under subsection (a), the Board shall consider—
“(1) whether there is a pattern of significant increases in check-related losses at depository institutions attributable to the provisions of the Expedited Funds Availability Act [12 U.S.C. 4001 et seq.]; and
“(2) whether extension of the time period referred to in subsection (a) is necessary to diminish the volume of any such check-related losses.
“(c) Report to the Congress.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], the Board shall submit a report to the Congress concerning the results of the study conducted under this section and including any recommendations for legislative action.”
Feasibility Study of Data Bank

Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 341,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2238, provided that:
“(a) In General.—Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council shall—
“(1) study the feasibility, including the costs and benefits to insured depository institutions, of establishing and maintaining a data bank for reports submitted by any depository institution to a Federal banking agency; and
“(2) report the results of such study to the Congress.
“(b) Additional Factors.—The study required under subsection (a) shall consider the feasibility of—
“(1) permitting depository institutions to file reports directly with the data bank; and
“(2) permitting Federal banking agencies, State bank supervisors, and the public to obtain access to any appropriate report on file with the data bank which such agency or supervisor or the public is otherwise authorized to receive.”
Timely Completion of CRA Review

Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 342,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2238, provided that: “The comprehensive regulatory review of the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 [12 U.S.C. 2901 et seq.] that, as of the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], is being conducted by the Federal banking agencies, shall be completed at the earliest practicable time.”
Waiver of Right of Rescission for Certain Refinancing Transactions

Pub. L. 103–325, title III, § 344,Sept. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 2239, provided that: “Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 23, 1994], the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, in consultation with the consumer advisory council to such Board, consumers, representatives of consumers, lenders, and other interested parties, shall submit recommendations to the Congress regarding whether a waiver or modification, at the option of a consumer, of the right of rescission under section 125 of the Truth in Lending Act [15 U.S.C. 1635] with respect to transactions which constitute a refinancing or consolidation (with no new advances) of the principal balance then due, and any accrued and unpaid finance charges of an existing extension of credit by a different creditor secured by an interest in the same property, would benefit consumers.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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12 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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