14 U.S. Code § 285 - Regular lieutenant commanders and commanders; retirement for failure of selection for promotion
(a) Each officer of the Regular Coast Guard serving in the grade of lieutenant commander or commander, who has failed of selection for promotion to the grade of commander or captain, respectively, for the second time shall:
(1) if he has completed at least 20 years of active service or is eligible for retirement under any law on June 30 of the promotion year in which his second failure of selection occurs, be retired on that date; or
(b) A lieutenant commander or commander of the Regular Coast Guard subject to discharge or retirement under subsection (a) may be continued on active duty when the Secretary directs a selection board convened under section 251 of this title to continue up to a specified number of lieutenant commanders or commanders on active duty. When so directed, the selection board shall recommend those officers who in the opinion of the board are best qualified to advance the needs and efficiency of the Coast Guard. When the recommendations of the board are approved by the Secretary, the officers recommended for continuation shall be notified that they have been recommended for continuation and offered an additional term of service that fulfills the needs of the Coast Guard.
(1) An officer who holds the grade of lieutenant commander of the Regular Coast Guard may not be continued on active duty under subsection (b) for a period that extends beyond 24 years of active commissioned service unless promoted to the grade of commander of the Regular Coast Guard. An officer who holds the grade of commander of the Regular Coast Guard may not be continued on active duty under subsection (b) for a period that extends beyond 26 years of active commissioned service unless promoted to the grade of captain of the Regular Coast Guard.
(2) Unless retired or discharged under another provision of law, each officer who is continued on active duty under subsection (b) but is not subsequently promoted or continued on active duty, and is not on a list of officers recommended for continuation or for promotion to the next higher grade, shall, if eligible for retirement under any provision of law, be retired under that law on the first day of the first month following the month in which the period of continued service is completed.
Source(Added Pub. L. 88–130, § 1(10)(C),Sept. 24, 1963, 77 Stat. 185; amended Pub. L. 93–283, § 1(7),May 14, 1974, 88 Stat. 140; Pub. L. 94–546, § 1(24),Oct. 18, 1976, 90 Stat. 2521; Pub. L. 107–295, title IV, § 412,Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2118.)
2002—Pub. L. 107–295designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsecs. (b) and (c).
1976—Pub. L. 94–546substituted “promotion year” for “fiscal year” in cl. (1).
1974—Pub. L. 93–283substituted “if he has completed at least 20 years of active service or is eligible” for “if eligible” in cl. (1).
Interim Authority for Selection of Commanders and Captains for Continuation on Active Duty
Pub. L. 88–130, § 3,Sept. 24, 1963, 77 Stat. 191, authorized the Secretary, until July 1, 1966, to convene boards to recommend for continuation on active duty officers of the Coast Guard on the active duty promotion list in specified categories.
Retired Pay on or Prior to September 24, 1963
Savings provisions in section 5(g) ofPub. L. 88–130providing that Pub. L. 88–130does not affect the retired pay of anyone retired on or prior to Sept. 24, 1963, are set out as a note under section 211 of this title.
Effectiveness of Election, Change, or Revocation of Election of Annuity
Savings provisions in section 5(h) ofPub. L. 88–130providing that notwithstanding section 1431 of Title 10, Armed Forces, an election, change or revocation thereof affecting an annuity, by an officer retired under this section, is effective if made prior to the first day of the third month following September 1963, are set out as a note under section 211 of this title.