14 U.S. Code § 357 - Involuntary retirement of enlisted members

(a) Enlisted Personnel Boards shall be convened as the Commandant may prescribe to review the records of enlisted members who have twenty or more years of active military service.
(b) Enlisted members who have twenty or more years of active military service may be considered by the Commandant for involuntary retirement and may be retired on recommendation of a Board—
(1) because the member’s performance is below the standards the Commandant prescribes; or
(2) because of professional dereliction.
(c) An enlisted member under review by the Board shall be—
(1) notified in writing of the reasons the member is being considered for involuntary retirement;
(2) allowed sixty days from the date on which counsel is provided under paragraph (3) to submit any matters in rebuttal;
(3) provided counsel, certified under section 827 (b) of title 10, to help prepare the rebuttal submitted under paragraph (2) and to represent the member before the Board under paragraph (5);
(4) allowed full access to and be furnished with copies of records relevant to the consideration for involuntary retirement prior to submission of the rebuttal submitted under paragraph (2); and
(5) allowed to appear before the Board and present witnesses or other documentation related to the review.
(d) A Board convened under this section shall consist of at least three commissioned officers, at least one of whom shall be of the grade of commander or above.
(e) A Board convened under this section shall recommend to the Commandant enlisted members who—
(1) have twenty or more years of active service;
(2) have been considered for involuntary retirement; and
(3) it determines should be involuntarily retired.
(f) After the Board makes its determination, each enlisted member the Commandant considers for involuntary retirement shall be—
(1) notified by certified mail of the reasons the member is being considered for involuntary retirement;
(2) allowed sixty days from the date counsel is provided under paragraph (3) to submit any matters in rebuttal;
(3) provided counsel, certified under section 827 (b) of title 10, to help prepare the rebuttal submitted under paragraph (2); and
(4) allowed full access to and be furnished with copies of records relevant to the consideration for involuntary retirement prior to submission of the rebuttal submitted under paragraph (2).
(g) If the Commandant approves the Board’s recommendation, the enlisted member shall be notified of the Commandant’s decision and shall be retired from the service within ninety days of the notification.
(h) An enlisted member, who has completed twenty years of service and who the Commandant has involuntarily retired under this section, shall receive retired pay.
(i) An enlisted member voluntarily or involuntarily retired after twenty years of service who was cited for extraordinary heroism in the line of duty shall be entitled to an increase in retired pay. The retired pay shall be increased by 10 percent of—
(1) the active-duty pay and permanent additions thereto of the grade or rating with which retired when the member’s retired pay is computed under section 423 (a) of this title; or
(2) the member’s retired pay base under section 1407 of title 10, when a member’s retired pay is computed under section 423 (b) of this title.
(j) When the Secretary orders a reduction in force, enlisted personnel may be involuntarily separated from the service without the Board’s action.

Source

(Aug. 4, 1949, ch. 393, 63 Stat. 521; Aug. 3, 1950, ch. 536, § 17,64 Stat. 407; Pub. L. 88–114, § 1(1),Sept. 6, 1963, 77 Stat. 144; Pub. L. 98–557, § 15(a)(3)(A), (B),Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2865; Pub. L. 99–348, title II, § 205(b)(9),July 1, 1986, 100 Stat. 700; Pub. L. 102–241, § 6,Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2210.)
Historical and Revision Notes

Based on title 14, U.S.C., 1946 ed., §§ 185, 185d (May 24, 1939, ch. 146, §§ 1, 5,53 Stat. 755).
Subsection (b) is new and implements the preceding subsection; it seems necessary in view of certain statutes enacted as the result of World War II.
Subsection (c) is based on title 14, U.S.C., 1946 ed., § 185d (May 24, 1939, ch. 146, § 5,53 Stat. 756). Said section has been divided. The first sentence is incorporated in section 423 of this title. The second proviso is incorporated in section 424 of this title. The remainder is placed in this subsection.
Changes were made in phraseology. 81st Congress, House Report No. 557.
Amendments

1991—Pub. L. 102–241substituted “Involuntary retirement of enlisted members” for “Enlisted Personnel Board” in section catchline and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text provided that the Commandant assemble annually a Coast Guard Enlisted Personnel Board to recommend enlisted members for retirement, that the recommendations be transmitted to the Commandant for approval, in which event the enlisted members concerned would be notified and given opportunity to file a written protest, which would require a subsequent annual Board determination and approval by the Commandant to effect the involuntary retirement of that member, and further provided that an enlisted member with twenty years’ service retired from active duty by the Commandant pursuant to this section was to receive retired pay, and that an enlisted member voluntarily or involuntarily retired by reason of twenty years’ service who had been cited for extraordinary heroism was entitled to an increase in retired pay.
1986—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–348, § 205(b)(9)(A), substituted “retired pay” for “the retired pay of the grade or rating with which retired”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–348, § 205(b)(9)(B), substituted provision that retired pay be increased by an amount equal to 10 percent of the active-duty pay and permanent additions thereto of the grade or rating with which retired, in the case of a member whose retired pay is computed under 423(a) of this title, or the member’s retired pay base under section 1407 of title 10, in the case of a member whose retired pay is computed under section 423 (b) of this title for provision that the retired pay be increased by an amount equal to 10 per cent of the active-duty pay and permanent additions thereto of the grade or rating with which retired.
1984—Pub. L. 98–557, § 15(a)(3)(A), substituted reference to enlisted member for reference to enlisted man wherever appearing in subsecs. (a) to (c).
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–557, § 15(a)(3)(B), substituted reference to enlisted members for reference to enlisted men in two places.
1963—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 88–114struck out provisions which entitled enlisted men whose average marks in conduct were not less than 971/2 percent of the maximum to a 10-percent increase of their retired pay.
1950—Subsec. (c). Act Aug. 3, 1950, substituted “years’ ” for “years”.
Service Credit for Certain Enlisted Personnel

Act June 3, 1948, ch. 394, 62 Stat. 302, provided: “That those enlisted men of the Coast Guard who, during 1940 and 1941, were discharged from the Coast Guard to accept employment as policemen and guards at the Ivigtut Cryolite Mine, Greenland, and who reenlisted in the Coast Guard within three months after the termination of their service as such policemen and guards, shall be credited with the time between discharge and reenlistment for purposes of longevity pay and retirement, but no increased retroactive pay shall accrue by reason of the enactment of this Act.”
Enlisted Men in Service on September 6, 1963

Pub. L. 88–114, § 2,Sept. 6, 1963, 77 Stat. 144, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (1) ofsection 1 of this Act [amending this section] does not apply to any enlisted man in service on the effective date of this Act [Sept. 6, 1963].”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

14 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.