Based on title 5, U.S.C., 1946 ed., § 41, and on title 14, U.S.C., 1946 ed. §§ 22,
103 (R.S. 2749; June 18, 1878, ch. 265, §§ 7,
8,22 Stat. 164
; May 4, 1882, ch. 117, § 5,22 Stat. 57
; Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2918, 34 Stat. 1309
; Jan. 28, 1915, ch. 20, § 1,38 Stat. 800
; Aug. 29, 1916, ch. 417, 39 Stat. 601
; June 10, 1921, ch. 18, § 304,42 Stat. 23
; July 3, 1926, ch. 742, § 9,44 Stat. 817
has been divided. That part dealing with investigation of plans and inventions is covered in section
of this title. The remainder is covered in general terms. It has been rewritten in broad terms, making clear that the Commandant is granted the necessary authority to administer the Coast Guard under the Secretary, including authority to issue rules, orders, and instructions.
This section is primarily a consolidation of existing functions rather than a codification of existing laws. It does not, for the most part, grant new authority to the Coast Guard as an organization. It merely clarifies the method by which Coast Guard functions shall be administered. Under existing statutes, functions relating to the Coast Guard have been conferred upon the President, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Commandant, and sometimes upon the Secretary of the Treasury in times of peace and the Secretary of the Navy in times of war. This revision confers some functions directly upon the Coast Guard, and this section provides for the execution of those functions by the Commandant, the military head of the organization, thereby making for consistency and uniformity. The functions are to be executed “subject to the general supervision of the Secretary”. Title 14, U.S.C., 1946 ed., § 91 now grants authority to the Commandant to prescribe regulations; this is changed to the issuance of rules, orders, and instructions as the promulgation of regulations in a military organization is properly a function of the Secretary.
Changes were made in phraseology. 81st Congress, House Report No. 557.