15 U.S. Code § 142 - Definitions

When used in this chapter, unless the context otherwise indicates—
(a) The term “person” includes individual, partnership, corporation, and association;
(b) The term “China” means
(1) China including Manchuria, Tibet, Mongolia, and any territory leased by China to any foreign government,
(2) the Crown Colony of Hong Kong, and
(3) the Province of Macao;
(c) The terms “China Trade Act corporation” and “corporation” mean a corporation chartered under the provisions of this chapter;
(d) The term “Federal district court” means any Federal district court, and the United States District Court for the District of Columbia;
(e) The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Commerce; and
(f) The term “registrar” means the China Trade Act registrar appointed under section 143 of this title.

Source

(Sept. 19, 1922, ch. 346, § 2,42 Stat. 849; June 25, 1936, ch. 804, 49 Stat. 1921; Treaty Jan. 11, 1943, 57 Stat. 767; June 25, 1948, ch. 646, § 32(a),62 Stat. 991; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, § 127,63 Stat. 107.)
Codification

Words “the United States Court for China” deleted from definition of “Federal district court” under the authority of Treaty between the United States and the Republic of China, 57 Stat. 767, which was signed in Washington, Jan. 11, 1943, ratified by the United States Senate on Feb. 11, 1943, ratified by the President on May 4, 1943, and ratified by the Republic of China on Feb. 4, 1943, by which the United States relinquished all extraterritorial jurisdiction and rights in China.
Congress by private act Dec. 22, 1944, ch. 691, 58 Stat. 1086, provided for the relief of certain former employees of the United States Court for China for the period of July 1, 1942 to May 20, 1943, on which date the Court ceased to exist.
Change of Name

Act June 25, 1948, eff. Sept. 1, 1948, as amended by act May 24, 1949, substituted “United States District Court for the District of Columbia” for “district court of the United States for the District of Columbia”.
Act June 25, 1936, substituted “district court of the United States for the District of Columbia” for “Supreme Court of the District of Columbia”.

 

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