(Pub. L. 90–321, title I, § 106,May 29, 1968, 82 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 96–221, title VI§ 606,Mar. 31, 1980, 94 Stat. 170; Pub. L. 104–29, §§ 2(a), (b)(1), (c)–(e), 3(a), Sept. 30, 1995, 109 Stat. 271, 272; Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1100A(2),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2107.)
References in Text
Subsecs. (aa) and (w) ofsection
of this title, referred to in subsec. (f)(2)(B), were redesignated subsecs. (bb) and (x), respectively, of section
of this title by Pub. L. 111–203
, title X, § 1100A(1)(A),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2107
2010—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–203
substituted “Bureau” for “Board” in introductory provisions.
1995—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–29
, § 2(a), in introductory provisions inserted after second sentence “The finance charge shall not include fees and amounts imposed by third party closing agents (including settlement agents, attorneys, and escrow and title companies) if the creditor does not require the imposition of the charges or the services provided and does not retain the charges.”
Subsec. (a)(6). Pub. L. 104–29
, § 2(b)(1), added par. (6).
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 104–29
, § 2(c), added par. (3).
Subsec. (e)(2). Pub. L. 104–29
, § 2(d), amended par. (2) generally, substituting “loan-related” for “a deed, settlement statement, or other”.
Subsec. (e)(5). Pub. L. 104–29
, § 2(e), inserted before period “, including fees related to any pest infestation or flood hazard inspections conducted prior to closing”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–29
, § 3(a), added subsec. (f).
1980—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–221
, § 606(a), inserted provisions excluding charges of a type payable in comparable cash transactions and indicated that pars. (1) to (5) are examples of charges.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–221
, § 606(b), struck out pars. (3) and (4) setting forth applicability to taxes and any other type of charge, respectively.
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–203
effective on the designated transfer date, see section 1100H ofPub. L. 111–203
, set out as a note under section
, Government Organization and Employees.
Effective Date of 1995 Amendment
Section 2(b)(2) ofPub. L. 104–29
provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] shall take effect on the earlier of—
“(A) 60 days after the date on which the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System issues final regulations under paragraph (3) [set out below]; or
“(B) the date that is 12 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 1995].”
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–221
effective on expiration of two years and six months after Mar. 31, 1980, with all regulations, forms, and clauses required to be prescribed to be promulgated at least one year prior to such effective date, and allowing any creditor to comply with any amendments, in accordance with the regulations, forms, and clauses prescribed by the Board prior to such effective date, see section 625 ofPub. L. 96–221
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Section 2(b)(3) ofPub. L. 104–29
provided that: “The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System shall promulgate regulations implementing the amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending this section] by no later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 1995].”
Ensuring That Finance Charges Reflect Cost of Credit
Section 2(f) ofPub. L. 104–29
“(A) In general.—Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 1995], the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System shall submit to the Congress a report containing recommendations on any regulatory or statutory changes necessary—
“(i) to ensure that finance charges imposed in connection with consumer credit transactions more accurately reflect the cost of providing credit; and
“(ii) to address abusive refinancing practices engaged in for the purpose of avoiding rescission.
“(B) Report requirements.—In preparing the report under this paragraph, the Board shall—
“(i) consider the extent to which it is feasible to include in finance charges all charges payable directly or indirectly by the consumer to whom credit is extended, and imposed directly or indirectly by the creditor as an incident to the extension of credit (especially those charges excluded from finance charges under section 106 of the Truth in Lending Act [15
] as of the date of the enactment of this Act), excepting only those charges which are payable in a comparable cash transaction; and
“(ii) consult with and consider the views of affected industries and consumer groups.
“(2) Regulations.—The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System shall prescribe any appropriate regulation in order to effect any change included in the report under paragraph (1), and shall publish the regulation in the Federal Register before the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act.”