15 U.S. Code § 1708 - Certification of substantially equivalent State law
(a) Criteria; request by State
(1) A State shall be certified if the Director determines—
(A) that, when taken as a whole, the laws and regulations of the State applicable to the sale or lease of lots not exempt under section 1702 of this title require the seller or lessor of such lots to disclose information which is at least substantially equivalent to the information required to be disclosed by section 1707 of this title; and
(2) In the case of any State which is not certified under paragraph (1), such State shall be certified if the Director determines—
(A) that, when taken as a whole, the laws and regulations of the State applicable to the sale or lease of lots not exempt under section 1702 of this title provide sufficient protection for purchasers and lessees with respect to the matters for which information is required to be disclosed by section 1707 of this title but which is not required to be disclosed by such State’s laws and regulations; and
(B) that the State’s administration of such laws and regulations provides, to the maximum extent practicable, that
(ii) sufficient protection for purchasers and lessees is made available with respect to the matters for which information is not required to be disclosed.
(3) Any State requesting certification must agree to accept a property report covering land located in another certified State but offered for sale or lease in the State requesting certification if the property report has been approved by the other certified State. Such property report shall be the only property report required by the State with respect to the sale or lease of such land.
(b) Filing of State disclosure materials and related documentation for purposes of Federal statement of record and property report requirements; acceptance by Director
After the Director has certified a State under subsection (a) of this section, the Director shall accept for filing under sections 1704 through 1707 of this title (and declare effective as the Federal statement of record and property report which shall be used in all States in which the lots are offered for sale or lease) disclosure materials found acceptable, and any related documentation required, by State authorities in connection with the sale or lease of lots located within the State. The Director may accept for such filing, and declare effective as the Federal statement of record and property report, such materials and documentation found acceptable by the State in connection with the sale or lease of lots located outside that State. Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the Director from exercising the authority conferred by subsections (d) and (e) ofsection 1706 of this title.
(c) Notice to State upon failure to meet requirements and remedial action necessary for certification
If a State fails to meet the standards for certification pursuant to subsection (a) of this section, the Director shall notify the State in writing of the changes in State law, regulation, or administration that are needed in order to obtain certification.
(d) Periodic review of certified States’ laws, regulations, and administration; withdrawal of certification
The Director shall periodically review the laws and regulations, and the administration thereof, of States certified under subsection (a) of this section, and may withdraw such certification upon a determination that such laws, regulations, and the administration thereof, taken as a whole, no longer meet the requirements of subsection (a) of this section.
(e) State and local governmental authorities affected; cooperation with State authorities
Nothing in this chapter may be construed to prevent or limit the authority of any State or local government to enact and enforce with regard to the sale of land any law, ordinance, or code not in conflict with this chapter. In administering this chapter, the Director shall cooperate with State authorities charged with the responsibility of regulating the sale or lease of lots which are subject to this chapter.
Source(Pub. L. 90–448, title XIV, § 1409,Aug. 1, 1968, 82 Stat. 594; Pub. L. 96–153, title IV, § 404,Dec. 21, 1979, 93 Stat. 1129; Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1098A(1),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2105.)
2010—Pub. L. 111–203substituted “Director” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
1979—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 96–153substituted provisions setting forth criteria for determinations respecting certifications of substantially equivalent State law for purposes of disclosure requirements of this chapter, for provisions relating to cooperation with State authorities in administering this chapter.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–153substituted provisions relating to filing requirements for State disclosure materials and related documentation for purposes of Federal statement of record and property report requirements, for provisions relating to the jurisdiction of the particular State real estate commission or similar body.
Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 96–153added subsecs. (c) to (e).
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–203effective on the designated transfer date, see section 1100H ofPub. L. 111–203, set out as a note under section 552a of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment