15 U.S. Code § 2066 - Imported products

(a) Refusal of admission
Any consumer product offered for importation into the customs territory of the United States (as defined in general note 2 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States) shall be refused admission into such customs territory if such product—
(1) fails to comply with an applicable consumer product safety rule;
(2) is not accompanied by a certificate required by this chapter or any other Act enforced by the Commission, or is accompanied by a false certificate, if the manufacturer in the exercise of due care has reason to know that the certificate is false or misleading in any material respect, or is not accompanied by any label or certificate (including tracking labels) required under section 2063 of this title or any rule or regulation under such section;
(3) is or has been determined to be an imminently hazardous consumer product in a proceeding brought under section 2061 of this title;
(4) has a product defect which constitutes a substantial product hazard (within the meaning of section 2064 (a)(2)) of this title; or
(5) is a product which was manufactured by a person who the Commission has informed the Secretary of the Treasury is in violation of subsection (g) of this section.
(b) Samples
The Secretary of the Treasury shall obtain without charge and deliver to the Commission, upon the latter’s request, a reasonable number of samples of consumer products being offered for import. Except for those owners or consignees who are or have been afforded an opportunity for a hearing in a proceeding under section 2061 of this title with respect to an imminently hazardous product, the owner or consignee of the product shall be afforded an opportunity by the Commission for a hearing in accordance with section 554 of title 5 with respect to the importation of such products into the customs territory of the United States. If it appears from examination of such samples or otherwise that a product must be refused admission under the terms of subsection (a) of this section, such product shall be refused admission, unless subsection (c) of this section applies and is complied with.
(c) Modification
If it appears to the Commission that any consumer product which may be refused admission pursuant to subsection (a) of this section can be so modified that it need not (under the terms of paragraphs (1) through (4) of subsection (a) of this section) be refused admission, the Commission may defer final determination as to the admission of such product and, in accordance with such regulations as the Commission and the Secretary of the Treasury shall jointly agree to, permit such product to be delivered from customs custody under bond for the purpose of permitting the owner or consignee an opportunity to so modify such product.
(d) Supervision of modifications
All actions taken by an owner or consignee to modify such product under subsection (c) of this section shall be subject to the supervision of an officer or employee of the Commission and of the Department of the Treasury. If it appears to the Commission that the product cannot be so modified or that the owner or consignee is not proceeding satisfactorily to modify such product, it shall be refused admission into the customs territory of the United States, and the Commission may direct the Secretary to demand redelivery of the product into customs custody, and to seize the product in accordance with section 2071 (b) of this title if it is not so redelivered.
(e) Product destruction
Products refused admission into the customs territory of the United States shall be destroyed unless, upon application by the owner, consignee, or importer of record, the Secretary of the Treasury permits the export of the product in lieu of destruction. If the owner, consignee, or importer of record does not export the product within 90 days of approval to export, such product shall be destroyed.
(f) Payment of expenses occasioned by refusal of admission
All expenses (including travel, per diem or subsistence, and salaries of officers or employees of the United States) in connection with the destruction provided for in this section (the amount of such expenses to be determined in accordance with regulations of the Secretary of the Treasury) and all expenses in connection with the storage, cartage, or labor with respect to any consumer product refused admission under this section, shall be paid by the owner or consignee and, in default of such payment, shall constitute a lien against any future importations made by such owner or consignee.
(g) Inspection and recordkeeping requirement
Manufacturers of imported products shall be in compliance with all inspection and recordkeeping requirements under section 2065 of this title applicable to such products, and the Commission shall advise the Secretary of the Treasury of any manufacturer who is not in compliance with all inspection and recordkeeping requirements under section 2065 of this title.
(h) Product surveillance program
(1) The Commission shall establish and maintain a permanent product surveillance program, in cooperation with other appropriate Federal agencies, for the purpose of carrying out the Commission’s responsibilities under this chapter and the other Acts administered by the Commission and preventing the entry of unsafe consumer products into the commerce of the United States.
(2) The Commission may provide to the agencies with which it is cooperating under paragraph (1) such information, data, violator lists, test results, and other support, guidance, and documents as may be necessary or helpful for such agencies to cooperate with the Commission to carry out the product surveillance program under paragraph (1).
(3) The Commission shall periodically report to the appropriate Congressional committees the results of the surveillance program under paragraph (1).

Source

(Pub. L. 92–573, § 17,Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1223; Pub. L. 100–418, title I, § 1214(d),Aug. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 1156; Pub. L. 101–608, title I, § 114,Nov. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 3118; Pub. L. 110–314, title II, §§ 216(b), 223 (b), (c)(1), 235 (c)(6),Aug. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 3058, 3068, 3069, 3075.)
References in Text

The Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States, referred to in subsec. (a), is not set out in the Code. See Publication of Harmonized Tariff Schedule note set out under section 1202 of Title 19, Customs Duties.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 110–314, § 216(b), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “is not accompanied by a certificate required by section 2063 of this title, or is not labeled in accordance with regulations under section 2063 (c) of this title;”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 110–314, § 223(b), amended subsec. (e) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Products refused admission into the customs territory of the United States under this section must be exported, except that upon application, the Secretary of the Treasury may permit the destruction of the product in lieu of exportation. If the owner or consignee does not export the product within a reasonable time, the Department of the Treasury may destroy the product.”
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 110–314, § 223(c)(1), amended subsec. (g) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Commission may, by rule, condition the importation of a consumer product on the manufacturer’s compliance with the inspection and recordkeeping requirements of this chapter and the Commission’s rules with respect to such requirements.”
Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 110–314, § 235(c)(6), substituted “the appropriate Congressional committees” for “the Congress”.
1990—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 101–608added subsec. (h).
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–418substituted “general note 2 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States” for “general headnote 2 to the Tariff Schedules of the United States”.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by sections 216(b) and 223(b) ofPub. L. 110–314effective on the date that is 30 days after Aug. 14, 2008, see section 239(a) ofPub. L. 110–314, set out as a note under section 2051 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–418effective Jan. 1, 1989, and applicable with respect to articles entered on or after such date, see section 1217(b)(1) ofPub. L. 100–418, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3001 of Title 19, Customs Duties.
Import Safety Management and Interagency Cooperation

Pub. L. 110–314, title II, § 222,Aug. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 3066, provided that:
“(a) Risk Assessment Methodology.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 2008], the Commission shall develop a risk assessment methodology for the identification of shipments of consumer products that are—
“(1) intended for import into the United States; and
“(2) likely to include consumer products in violation of section 17(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2066 (a)) or other import provisions enforced by the Commission.
“(b) Use of International Trade Data System and Other Databases.—In developing the methodology required under subsection (a), the Commission shall—
“(1) provide for the use of the International Trade Data System, insofar as is practicable, established under section 411(d) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1411 (d)) to evaluate and assess information about shipments of consumer products intended for import into the customs territory of the United States;
“(2) incorporate the risk assessment methodology required under this section into its information technology modernization plan;
“(3) examine, in consultation with U.S. Customs and Border Protection, how to share information collected and retained by the Commission, including information in the database required under section 6A of the Consumer Product Safety Act [15 U.S.C. 2055a], for the purpose of identifying shipments of consumer products in violation of section 17(a) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 2066 (a)) or other import provisions enforced by the Commission; and
“(4) examine, in consultation with U.S. Customs and Border Protection, how to share information required by section 15(j) of the CPSA [15 U.S.C. 2064 (j)] as added by section 223 of this Act for the purpose of identifying shipments of consumer products in violation of section 17(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2066 (a)) or other import provisions enforced by the Commission.
“(c) Cooperation With U.S. Customs and Border Protection.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 14, 2008], the Commission shall develop a plan for sharing information and coordinating with U.S. Customs and Border Protection that considers, at a minimum, the following:
“(1) The number of full-time equivalent personnel employed by the Commission that should be stationed at U.S. ports of entry for the purpose of identifying shipments of consumer products that are in violation of section 17(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2066 (a)) or other import provisions enforced by the Commission.
“(2) The extent and nature of cooperation between the Commission and U.S. Customs and Border Protection personnel stationed at ports of entry in the identification of shipments of consumer product that are in violation of section 17(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2066 (a)) or other import provisions enforced by the Commission under this Act [see Short Title of 2008 Amendment note set out under section 2051 of this title] or any other provision of law.
“(3) The number of full-time equivalent personnel employed by the Commission that should be stationed at the National Targeting Center (or its equivalent) of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, including—
“(A) the extent and nature of cooperation between Commission and U.S. Customs and Border Protection personnel stationed at the National Targeting Center (or its equivalent), as well as at United States ports of entry;
“(B) the responsibilities of Commission personnel assigned to the National Targeting Center (or its equivalent) under subsection (b)(3); and
“(C) whether the information available at the National Targeting Center (or its equivalent) would be useful to the Commission or U.S. Customs and Border Protection in identifying the consumer products described in subsection (a).
“(4) The development of rule sets for the Automated Targeting System and expedited access for the Commission to the Automated Targeting System.
“(5) The information and resources necessary for the development, updating, and effective implementation of the risk assessment methodology required in subsection (a).
“(d) Report to Congress.—Not later than 180 days after completion of the risk assessment methodology required under this section, the Commission shall submit a report to the appropriate Congressional committees concerning, at a minimum, the following:
“(1) The Commission’s plan for implementing the risk assessment methodology required under this section.
“(2) The changes made or necessary to be made to the Commission’s memorandum of understanding with U.S. Customs and Border Protection.
“(3) The status of—
“(A) the development of the Automated Targeting System rule set required under subsection (c)(4) of this section;
“(B) the Commission’s access to the Automated Targeting System; and
“(C) the effectiveness of the International Trade Data System in enhancing cooperation between the Commission and U.S. Customs and Border Protection for the purpose of identifying shipments of consumer products in violation of section 17(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2066 (a)) or other import provisions enforced by the Commission;
“(4) Whether the Commission requires additional statutory authority under the Consumer Product Safety Act [15 U.S.C. 2051 et seq.], the Federal Hazardous Substances Act [15 U.S.C. 1261 et seq.], the Flammable Fabrics Act [15 U.S.C. 1191 et seq.], or the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970 [15 U.S.C. 1471 et seq.] in order to implement the risk assessment methodology required under this section.
“(5) The level of appropriations necessary to implement the risk assessment methodology required under this section.”
[For definitions of “Commission” and “appropriate Congressional committees” used in section 222 ofPub. L. 110–314, set out above, see section 2(a) ofPub. L. 110–314, set out as a note under section 2051 of this title.]

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15 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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16 CFR - Commercial Practices

16 CFR Part 1009 - GENERAL STATEMENTS OF POLICY OR INTERPRETATION

16 CFR Part 1010 - [Reserved]

16 CFR Part 1011 - NOTICE OF AGENCY ACTIVITIES

16 CFR Part 1012 - MEETINGS POLICY—MEETINGS BETWEEN AGENCY PERSONNEL AND OUTSIDE PARTIES

16 CFR Part 1015 - PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSURE OR PRODUCTION OF INFORMATION UNDER THE FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT

16 CFR Part 1016 - POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR INFORMATION DISCLOSURE AND COMMISSION EMPLOYEE TESTIMONY IN PRIVATE LITIGATION

16 CFR Part 1031 - COMMISSION PARTICIPATION AND COMMISSION EMPLOYEE INVOLVEMENT IN VOLUNTARY STANDARDS ACTIVITIES

16 CFR Part 1115 - SUBSTANTIAL PRODUCT HAZARD REPORTS

16 CFR Part 1212 - SAFETY STANDARD FOR MULTI-PURPOSE LIGHTERS

16 CFR Part 1450 - VIRGINIA GRAEME BAKER POOL AND SPA SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS

 

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