15 U.S. Code § 36 - Recovery of damages, etc., for antitrust violations on claim against person based on official action directed by local government, or official or employee thereof acting in an official capacity

(a) Prohibition in general
No damages, interest on damages, costs or attorney’s fees may be recovered under section 4, 4A, or 4C of the Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 15, 15a, or 15c) in any claim against a person based on any official action directed by a local government, or official or employee thereof acting in an official capacity.
(b) Nonapplication of prohibition for cases commenced before effective date of provisions
Subsection (a) of this section shall not apply with respect to cases commenced before the effective date of this Act.


(Pub. L. 98–544, § 4,Oct. 24, 1984, 98 Stat. 2750.)
References in Text

For effective date of this Act, referred to in subsec. (b), see Effective Date note below.
Effective Date

Section effective thirty days before Oct. 24, 1984, see section 6 ofPub. L. 98–544, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

15 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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