The National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the National Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology may support the Next Generation Internet program. The objectives of the Next Generation Internet program shall be to—
(1)support research, development, and demonstration of advanced networking technologies to increase the capabilities and improve the performance of the Internet;
(2)develop an advanced testbed network connecting a significant number of research sites, including universities, Federal research institutions, and other appropriate research partner institutions, to support networking research and to demonstrate new networking technologies; and
(3)develop and demonstrate advanced Internet applications that meet important national goals or agency mission needs, and that are supported by the activities described in paragraphs (1) and (2).
(b) Duties of Advisory Committee
The President’s Information Technology Advisory Committee (established pursuant to section
5511(b) of this title by Executive Order No. 13035 of February 11, 1997 (62 F.R. 7131), as amended by Executive Order No. 13092 of July 24, 1998), in addition to its functions under section
5511(b) of this title, shall—
(1)assess the extent to which the Next Generation Internet program—
(A)carries out the purposes of this chapter; and
(B)addresses concerns relating to, among other matters—
(i)geographic penalties (as defined in section 7(1) of the Next Generation Internet Research Act of 1998); 
(ii)the adequacy of access to the Internet by Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic Serving Institutions, and small colleges and universities (whose enrollment is less than 5,000) and the degree of participation of those institutions in activities described in subsection (a) of this section; and
(iii)technology transfer to and from the private sector;
(2)review the extent to which the role of each Federal agency and department involved in implementing the Next Generation Internet program is clear and complementary to, and non-duplicative of, the roles of other participating agencies and departments;
(3)assess the extent to which Federal support of fundamental research in computing is sufficient to maintain the Nation’s critical leadership in this field; and
(4)make recommendations relating to its findings under paragraphs (1), (2), and (3).
The Advisory Committee shall review implementation of the Next Generation Internet program and shall report, not less frequently than annually, to the President, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives on its findings and recommendations for the preceding fiscal year. The first such report shall be submitted 6 months after October 28, 1998, and the last report shall be submitted by September 30, 2000.
(d) Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated for the purposes of this section—
(1)for the Department of Energy, $22,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2000;
(2)for the National Science Foundation, $25,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $25,000,000 for fiscal year 2000, as authorized in the National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 1998;
(3)for the National Institutes of Health, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $7,500,000 for fiscal year 2000;
(4)for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, $10,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $10,000,000 for fiscal year 2000; and
(5)for the National Institute of Standards and Technology, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and $7,500,000 for fiscal year 2000.
Such funds may not be used for routine upgrades to existing federally funded communication networks.
Executive Order No. 13035, referred to in subsec. (b), is set out as a note under section
5511 of this title.
Section 7(1) of the Next Generation Internet Research Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (b)(1)(B)(i), probably means section 7(a)(1) ofPub. L. 105–305, which is set out as a note under section
5501 of this title.
The National Science Foundation Authorization Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (d)(2), is Pub. L. 105–207, July 29, 1998, 112 Stat. 869. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1998 Amendment note set out under section
1861 of Title
42, The Public Health and Welfare, and Tables.
1999—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–65substituted “Committee on Armed Services of the House” for “Committee on National Security of the House”.
Change of Name
Committee on Science of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Science and Technology of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 6, One Hundred Tenth Congress, Jan. 5, 2007. Committee on Science and Technology of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Jan. 5, 2011.
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