15 U.S. Code § 57a - Unfair or deceptive acts or practices rulemaking proceedings

(a) Authority of Commission to prescribe rules and general statements of policy
(1) Except as provided in subsection (h) of this section, the Commission may prescribe—
(A) interpretive rules and general statements of policy with respect to unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce (within the meaning of section 45 (a)(1) of this title), and
(B) rules which define with specificity acts or practices which are unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce (within the meaning of section 45 (a)(1) of this title), except that the Commission shall not develop or promulgate any trade rule or regulation with regard to the regulation of the development and utilization of the standards and certification activities pursuant to this section. Rules under this subparagraph may include requirements prescribed for the purpose of preventing such acts or practices.
(2) The Commission shall have no authority under this subchapter, other than its authority under this section, to prescribe any rule with respect to unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce (within the meaning of section 45 (a)(1) of this title). The preceding sentence shall not affect any authority of the Commission to prescribe rules (including interpretive rules), and general statements of policy, with respect to unfair methods of competition in or affecting commerce.
(b) Procedures applicable
(1) When prescribing a rule under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section, the Commission shall proceed in accordance with section 553 of title 5 (without regard to any reference in such section to sections 556 and 557 of such title), and shall also
(A) publish a notice of proposed rulemaking stating with particularity the text of the rule, including any alternatives, which the Commission proposes to promulgate, and the reason for the proposed rule;
(B) allow interested persons to submit written data, views, and arguments, and make all such submissions publicly available;
(C) provide an opportunity for an informal hearing in accordance with subsection (c) of this section; and
(D) promulgate, if appropriate, a final rule based on the matter in the rulemaking record (as defined in subsection (e)(1)(B) of this section), together with a statement of basis and purpose.
(2)
(A) Prior to the publication of any notice of proposed rulemaking pursuant to paragraph (1)(A), the Commission shall publish an advance notice of proposed rulemaking in the Federal Register. Such advance notice shall—
(i) contain a brief description of the area of inquiry under consideration, the objectives which the Commission seeks to achieve, and possible regulatory alternatives under consideration by the Commission; and
(ii) invite the response of interested parties with respect to such proposed rulemaking, including any suggestions or alternative methods for achieving such objectives.
(B) The Commission shall submit such advance notice of proposed rulemaking to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives. The Commission may use such additional mechanisms as the Commission considers useful to obtain suggestions regarding the content of the area of inquiry before the publication of a general notice of proposed rulemaking under paragraph (1)(A).
(C) The Commission shall, 30 days before the publication of a notice of proposed rulemaking pursuant to paragraph (1)(A), submit such notice to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives.
(3) The Commission shall issue a notice of proposed rulemaking pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) only where it has reason to believe that the unfair or deceptive acts or practices which are the subject of the proposed rulemaking are prevalent. The Commission shall make a determination that unfair or deceptive acts or practices are prevalent under this paragraph only if—
(A) it has issued cease and desist orders regarding such acts or practices, or
(B) any other information available to the Commission indicates a widespread pattern of unfair or deceptive acts or practices.
(c) Informal hearing procedure
The Commission shall conduct any informal hearings required by subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section in accordance with the following procedure:
(1)
(A) The Commission shall provide for the conduct of proceedings under this subsection by hearing officers who shall perform their functions in accordance with the requirements of this subsection.
(B) The officer who presides over the rulemaking proceedings shall be responsible to a chief presiding officer who shall not be responsible to any other officer or employee of the Commission. The officer who presides over the rulemaking proceeding shall make a recommended decision based upon the findings and conclusions of such officer as to all relevant and material evidence, except that such recommended decision may be made by another officer if the officer who presided over the proceeding is no longer available to the Commission.
(C) Except as required for the disposition of ex parte matters as authorized by law, no presiding officer shall consult any person or party with respect to any fact in issue unless such officer gives notice and opportunity for all parties to participate.
(2) Subject to paragraph (3) of this subsection, an interested person is entitled—
(A) to present his position orally or by documentary submission (or both), and
(B) if the Commission determines that there are disputed issues of material fact it is necessary to resolve, to present such rebuttal submissions and to conduct (or have conducted under paragraph (3)(B)) such cross-examination of persons as the Commission determines
(i) to be appropriate, and
(ii) to be required for a full and true disclosure with respect to such issues.
(3) The Commission may prescribe such rules and make such rulings concerning proceedings in such hearings as may tend to avoid unnecessary costs or delay. Such rules or rulings may include
(A) imposition of reasonable time limits on each interested person’s oral presentations, and
(B) requirements that any cross-examination to which a person may be entitled under paragraph (2) be conducted by the Commission on behalf of that person in such manner as the Commission determines
(i) to be appropriate, and
(ii) to be required for a full and true disclosure with respect to disputed issues of material fact.
(4)
(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), if a group of persons each of whom under paragraphs (2) and (3) would be entitled to conduct (or have conducted) cross-examination and who are determined by the Commission to have the same or similar interests in the proceeding cannot agree upon a single representative of such interests for purposes of cross-examination, the Commission may make rules and rulings
(i) limiting the representation of such interest, for such purposes, and
(ii) governing the manner in which such cross-examination shall be limited.
(B) When any person who is a member of a group with respect to which the Commission has made a determination under subparagraph (A) is unable to agree upon group representation with the other members of the group, then such person shall not be denied under the authority of subparagraph (A) the opportunity to conduct (or have conducted) cross-examination as to issues affecting his particular interests if
(i) he satisfies the Commission that he has made a reasonable and good faith effort to reach agreement upon group representation with the other members of the group and
(ii) the Commission determines that there are substantial and relevant issues which are not adequately presented by the group representative.
(5) A verbatim transcript shall be taken of any oral presentation, and cross-examination, in an informal hearing to which this subsection applies. Such transcript shall be available to the public.
(d) Statement of basis and purpose accompanying rule; “Commission” defined; judicial review of amendment or repeal of rule; violation of rule
(1) The Commission’s statement of basis and purpose to accompany a rule promulgated under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section shall include
(A) a statement as to the prevalence of the acts or practices treated by the rule;
(B) a statement as to the manner and context in which such acts or practices are unfair or deceptive; and
(C) a statement as to the economic effect of the rule, taking into account the effect on small business and consumers.
(2)
(A) The term “Commission” as used in this subsection and subsections (b) and (c) of this section includes any person authorized to act in behalf of the Commission in any part of the rulemaking proceeding.
(B) A substantive amendment to, or repeal of, a rule promulgated under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section shall be prescribed, and subject to judicial review, in the same manner as a rule prescribed under such subsection. An exemption under subsection (g) of this section shall not be treated as an amendment or repeal of a rule.
(3) When any rule under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section takes effect a subsequent violation thereof shall constitute an unfair or deceptive act or practice in violation of section 45 (a)(1) of this title, unless the Commission otherwise expressly provides in such rule.
(e) Judicial review; petition; jurisdiction and venue; rulemaking record; additional submissions and presentations; scope of review and relief; review by Supreme Court; additional remedies
(1)
(A) Not later than 60 days after a rule is promulgated under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section by the Commission, any interested person (including a consumer or consumer organization) may file a petition, in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia circuit or for the circuit in which such person resides or has his principal place of business, for judicial review of such rule. Copies of the petition shall be forthwith transmitted by the clerk of the court to the Commission or other officer designated by it for that purpose. The provisions of section 2112 of title 28 shall apply to the filing of the rulemaking record of proceedings on which the Commission based its rule and to the transfer of proceedings in the courts of appeals.
(B) For purposes of this section, the term “rulemaking record” means the rule, its statement of basis and purpose, the transcript required by subsection (c)(5) of this section, any written submissions, and any other information which the Commission considers relevant to such rule.
(2) If the petitioner or the Commission applies to the court for leave to make additional oral submissions or written presentations and shows to the satisfaction of the court that such submissions and presentations would be material and that there were reasonable grounds for the submissions and failure to make such submissions and presentations in the proceeding before the Commission, the court may order the Commission to provide additional opportunity to make such submissions and presentations. The Commission may modify or set aside its rule or make a new rule by reason of the additional submissions and presentations and shall file such modified or new rule, and the rule’s statement of basis of purpose, with the return of such submissions and presentations. The court shall thereafter review such new or modified rule.
(3) Upon the filing of the petition under paragraph (1) of this subsection, the court shall have jurisdiction to review the rule in accordance with chapter 7 of title 5 and to grant appropriate relief, including interim relief, as provided in such chapter. The court shall hold unlawful and set aside the rule on any ground specified in subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), or (D) of section 706 (2) of title 5 (taking due account of the rule of prejudicial error), or if—
(A) the court finds that the Commission’s action is not supported by substantial evidence in the rulemaking record (as defined in paragraph (1)(B) of this subsection) taken as a whole, or
(B) the court finds that—
(i) a Commission determination under subsection (c) of this section that the petitioner is not entitled to conduct cross-examination or make rebuttal submissions, or
(ii) a Commission rule or ruling under subsection (c) of this section limiting the petitioner’s cross-examination or rebuttal submissions,
has precluded disclosure of disputed material facts which was necessary for fair determination by the Commission of the rulemaking proceeding taken as a whole.
The term “evidence”, as used in this paragraph, means any matter in the rulemaking record.
(4) The judgment of the court affirming or setting aside, in whole or in part, any such rule shall be final, subject to review by the Supreme Court of the United States upon certiorari or certification, as provided in section 1254 of title 28.
(5)
(A) Remedies under the preceding paragraphs of this subsection are in addition to and not in lieu of any other remedies provided by law.
(B) The United States Courts of Appeal shall have exclusive jurisdiction of any action to obtain judicial review (other than in an enforcement proceeding) of a rule prescribed under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section, if any district court of the United States would have had jurisdiction of such action but for this subparagraph. Any such action shall be brought in the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia circuit, or for any circuit which includes a judicial district in which the action could have been brought but for this subparagraph.
(C) A determination, rule, or ruling of the Commission described in paragraph (3)(B)(i) or (ii) may be reviewed only in a proceeding under this subsection and only in accordance with paragraph (3)(B). Section 706 (2)(E) of title 5 shall not apply to any rule promulgated under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section. The contents and adequacy of any statement required by subsection (b)(1)(D) of this section shall not be subject to judicial review in any respect.
(f) Definitions of banks, savings and loan institutions, and Federal credit unions
(1) Repealed. Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1092(2),July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2095
(2) Definition.— For purposes of this subchapter, the term “bank” means—
(A) national banks and Federal branches and Federal agencies of foreign banks;
(B) member banks of the Federal Reserve System (other than national banks), branches and agencies of foreign banks (other than Federal branches, Federal agencies, and insured State branches of foreign banks), commercial lending companies owned or controlled by foreign banks, and organizations operating under section 25 or 25A of the Federal Reserve Act [12 U.S.C. 601 et seq., 611 et seq.]; and
(C) banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (other than banks referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B)) and insured State branches of foreign banks.
(3) For purposes of this subchapter, the term “savings and loan institution” has the same meaning as in section 1813 of title 12.
(4) For purposes of this subchapter, the term “Federal credit union” has the same meaning as in sections 1766 and 1786 of title 12.
The terms used in this paragraph  [1] that are not defined in this subchapter or otherwise defined in section 1813 (s) of title 12 shall have the meaning given to them in section 3101 of title 12.
(g) Exemptions and stays from application of rules; procedures
(1) Any person to whom a rule under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section applies may petition the Commission for an exemption from such rule.
(2) If, on its own motion or on the basis of a petition under paragraph (1), the Commission finds that the application of a rule prescribed under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section to any person or class or  [2] persons is not necessary to prevent the unfair or deceptive act or practice to which the rule relates, the Commission may exempt such person or class from all or part of such rule. Section 553 of title 5 shall apply to action under this paragraph.
(3) Neither the pendency of a proceeding under this subsection respecting an exemption from a rule, nor the pendency of judicial proceedings to review the Commission’s action or failure to act under this subsection, shall stay the applicability of such rule under subsection (a)(1)(B) of this section.
(h) Restriction on rulemaking authority of Commission respecting children’s advertising proceedings pending on May 28, 1980
The Commission shall not have any authority to promulgate any rule in the children’s advertising proceeding pending on May 28, 1980, or in any substantially similar proceeding on the basis of a determination by the Commission that such advertising constitutes an unfair act or practice in or affecting commerce.
(i) Meetings with outside parties
(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term “outside party” means any person other than
(A) a Commissioner;
(B) an officer or employee of the Commission; or
(C) any person who has entered into a contract or any other agreement or arrangement with the Commission to provide any goods or services (including consulting services) to the Commission.
(2) Not later than 60 days after May 28, 1980, the Commission shall publish a proposed rule, and not later than 180 days after May 28, 1980, the Commission shall promulgate a final rule, which shall authorize the Commission or any Commissioner to meet with any outside party concerning any rulemaking proceeding of the Commission. Such rule shall provide that—
(A) notice of any such meeting shall be included in any weekly calendar prepared by the Commission; and
(B) a verbatim record or a summary of any such meeting, or of any communication relating to any such meeting, shall be kept, made available to the public, and included in the rulemaking record.
(j) Communications by investigative personnel with staff of Commission concerning matters outside rulemaking record prohibited
Not later than 60 days after May 28, 1980, the Commission shall publish a proposed rule, and not later than 180 days after May 28, 1980, the Commission shall promulgate a final rule, which shall prohibit any officer, employee, or agent of the Commission with any investigative responsibility or other responsibility relating to any rulemaking proceeding within any operating bureau of the Commission, from communicating or causing to be communicated to any Commissioner or to the personal staff of any Commissioner any fact which is relevant to the merits of such proceeding and which is not on the rulemaking record of such proceeding, unless such communication is made available to the public and is included in the rulemaking record. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to any communication to the extent such communication is required for the disposition of ex parte matters as authorized by law.


[1]  So in original.

[2]  So in original. Probably should be “of”.

Source

(Sept. 26, 1914, ch. 311, § 18, as added Pub. L. 93–637, title II, § 202(a),Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2193; amended Pub. L. 96–37, § 1(c),July 23, 1979, 93 Stat. 95; Pub. L. 96–221, title VI, § 610(b),Mar. 31, 1980, 94 Stat. 174; Pub. L. 96–252, §§ 7–11(a), 12,May 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 376–379; Pub. L. 100–86, title VII, § 715(c),Aug. 10, 1987, 101 Stat. 655; Pub. L. 101–73, title VII, § 744(t),Aug. 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 441; Pub. L. 102–242, title II, § 212(g)(2),Dec. 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2302; Pub. L. 102–550, title XVI, § 1604(a)(9),Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 4082; Pub. L. 103–312, §§ 3, 5,Aug. 26, 1994, 108 Stat. 1691, 1692; Pub. L. 103–437, § 5(a),Nov. 2, 1994, 108 Stat. 4582; Pub. L. 109–351, title VII, § 725(g),Oct. 13, 2006, 120 Stat. 2002; Pub. L. 109–356, title I, § 123(g),Oct. 16, 2006, 120 Stat. 2029; Pub. L. 111–203, title X, § 1092,July 21, 2010, 124 Stat. 2094.)
References in Text

Sections 25 and 25A of the Federal Reserve Act, referred to in subsec. (f)(2)(B), are classified to subchapters I (§ 601 et seq.) and II (§ 611 et seq.), respectively, of chapter 6 of Title 12, Banks and Banking.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 18 of act Sept. 26, 1914, ch. 311, was renumbered section 28 and is classified to section 58 of this title.
Amendments

2010—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(1), inserted subsec. heading.
Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(2), struck out par. (1) which related to prevention of unfair or deceptive acts or practices in or affecting commerce.
Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(4)(A), substituted “Definition” for “Enforcement” in heading and “For purposes of this subchapter, the term ‘bank’ means” for “Compliance with regulations prescribed under this subsection shall be enforced under section 1818 of title 12, in the case of” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (f)(2)(A). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(4)(B), struck out “, by the division of consumer affairs established by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency” before semicolon at end.
Subsec. (f)(2)(B). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(4)(C), substituted “25A” for “25(a)” and struck out “, by the division of consumer affairs established by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System” before “; and”.
Subsec. (f)(2)(C). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(4)(D), inserted “than” after “other” and struck out “, by the division of consumer affairs established by the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation” before period at end.
Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(5), substituted “For purposes of this subchapter, the term ‘savings and loan institution’ has the same meaning as in” for “Compliance with regulations prescribed under this subsection shall be enforced under section 1818 of title 12 with respect to savings associations as defined in”.
Subsec. (f)(4). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(6), substituted “For purposes of this subchapter, the term ‘Federal credit union’ has the same meaning as in” for “Compliance with regulations prescribed under this subsection shall be enforced with respect to Federal credit unions under”.
Subsec. (f)(5) to (7). Pub. L. 111–203, § 1092(3), struck out pars. (5) to (7) which related to violation of regulations, authority to make rules relating to compliance, and annual report to Congress by each agency exercising authority.
2006—Subsec. (f)(2)(A), (B). Pub. L. 109–351and Pub. L. 109–356amended par. (2) identically, striking out “, banks operating under the code of law for the District of Columbia,” after “national banks” in subpar. (A) and “and banks operating under the code of law for the District of Columbia” after “(other than national banks” in subpar. (B).
1994—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 103–312, § 3(b), substituted “subsection (h)” for “subsection (i)” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (b)(2)(B), (C). Pub. L. 103–437substituted “Committee on Energy and Commerce” for “Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce”.
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 103–312, § 5, added par. (3).
Subsecs. (h) to (k). Pub. L. 103–312, § 3(a), redesignatedsubsecs. (i) to (k) as (h) to (j), respectively, and struck out former subsec. (h) which provided for compensation for attorney fees, expert witness fees, etc., incurred in rulemaking proceedings, limitation on amount, and establishment of small business outreach program.
1992—Subsec. (f)(2)(A). Pub. L. 102–550substituted “division” for “divisions”.
1991—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–242, § 212(g)(2)(B), inserted at end “The terms used in this paragraph that are not defined in this subchapter or otherwise defined in section 1813 (s) of title 12 shall have the meaning given to them in section 3101 of title 12.”
Subsec. (f)(2). Pub. L. 102–242, § 212(g)(2)(A), added par. (2) and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: “Compliance with regulations prescribed under this subsection shall be enforced under section 1818 of title 12, in the case of—
“(A) national banks and banks operating under the code of law for the District of Columbia, by the division of consumer affairs established by the Comptroller of the Currency;
“(B) member banks of the Federal Reserve System (other than banks referred to in subparagraph (A)) by the division of consumer affairs established by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; and
“(C) banks insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (other than banks referred to in subparagraph (A) or (B)), by the division of consumer affairs established by the Board of Directors of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.”
1989—Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 101–73amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “Compliance with regulations prescribed under this subsection shall be enforced under section 5 of the Home Owners’ Loan Act of 1933 (12 U.S.C. 1464) with respect to Federal savings and loan associations, section 407 of the National Housing Act (12 U.S.C. 1730) with respect to insured institutions, and sections 6(i) and 17 of the Federal Home Loan Bank Act (12 U.S.C. 1426 (i), 1437) with respect to savings and loan institutions which are members of a Federal Home Loan Bank, by a division of consumer affairs to be established by the Federal Home Loan Bank Board pursuant to the Federal Home Loan Bank Act.”
1987—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 100–86, § 715(c)(1), (2), in second sentence inserted “and the National Credit Union Administration Board (with respect to Federal credit unions described in paragraph (4))” and in last sentence inserted “or Federal credit unions described in paragraph (4),” in two places, substituted “any such” for “either such”, and inserted “, savings and loan institutions or Federal credit unions”.
Subsec. (f)(4) to (7). Pub. L. 100–86, § 715(c)(3), added par. (4) and redesignated former pars. (4) to (6) as (5) to (7), respectively.
1980—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–252, §§ 7, 11 (a)(2), in provisions preceding subpar. (A) substituted “Except as provided in subsection (i) of this section, the” for “The” and in subpar. (B) inserted “, except that the Commission shall not develop or promulgate any trade rule or regulation with regard to the regulation of the development and utilization of the standards and certification activities pursuant to this section” after “section 45 (a)(1) of this title)”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 96–252, §§ 8(a), 11 (a)(3), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and cls. (1) to (4) thereof as subpars. (A) to (D) and, subpar. (A) thereof, inserted “the text of the rule, including any alternatives, which the Commission proposes to promulgate, and” after “particularity”, and added par. (2).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96–252, § 8(b)(1), in provisions preceding par. (1) substituted “subsection (b)(1)(C)” for “subsection (b)(3)”.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 96–252, § 9(a)(2), added par. (1). Former par. (1) redesignated (2).
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 96–252, § 9(a)(1), (b)(1), redesignated former par. (1) as (2), substituted “paragraph (3)” for “paragraph (2)” and “paragraph (3)(B)” for “paragraph (2)(B)”. Former par. (2) redesignated (3).
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 96–252, § 9(a)(1), (b)(2), redesignated former par. (2) as (3) and substituted “paragraph (2)” for “paragraph (1)”. Former par. (3) redesignated (4).
Subsec. (c)(4), (5). Pub. L. 96–252, § 9(a)(1), (b)(3), redesignated former par. (3) as (4) and substituted in subpar. (A) “paragraph (2) and (3)” for “paragraphs (1) and (2)”. Former par. (4) redesignated (5).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–252, §§ 8(b)(2), 9 (c), substituted in par. (1)(B) “subsection (c)(5)” for “subsection (c)(4)” and in par. (5)(C) “subsection (b)(1)(D)” for “subsection (b)(4)”.
Subsec. (f)(6). Pub. L. 96–221struck out requirement that the report be made not later than every March 15.
Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 96–252, § 10(b), substituted provisions reserving an amount equal to 25 percent of the amount appropriated for the payment of compensation under this subsection to be available solely for the payment of compensation to persons who either would be regulated by a proposed rule or represent persons who would be so regulated for provisions restricting the aggregate amount of compensation paid under this subsection in any fiscal year to all persons, who in rulemaking proceedings in which they receive compensation, are persons who would be regulated by the proposed rule or represent persons who would be so regulated, to an amount not in excess of 25 percent of the aggregate amount paid as compensation under this subsection.
Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 96–252, § 10(a), (e), temporarily added par. (3) and redesignated former par. (3) as (4). See Effective and Termination Dates of 1980 Amendments note below.
Subsec. (h)(4). Pub. L. 96–252, § 10(a), (c), (e), temporarily redesignated former par. (3) as (4) and substituted “$750,000” for “$1,000,000”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1980 Amendments note below.
Subsec. (h)(5). Pub. L. 96–252, § 10(d), (e), added par. (5) to be redesignated (4) effective Sept. 30, 1983. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1980 Amendments note below.
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 96–252, § 11(a)(1), added subsec. (i).
Subsecs. (j), (k). Pub. L. 96–252, § 12, added subsecs. (j) and (k).
1979—Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 96–37, § 1(c)(1), inserted provisions relating to savings and loan institutions and to regulations with respect to savings and loan institutions promulgated by Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
Subsec. (f)(3) to (6). Pub. L. 96–37, § 1(c)(2), added par. (3) and redesignated former pars. (3) to (5) as (4) to (6), respectively.
Change of Name

Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives treated as referring to Committee on Commerce of House of Representatives by section 1(a) ofPub. L. 104–14, set out as a note preceding section 21 of Title 2, The Congress. Committee on Commerce of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Energy and Commerce of House of Representatives, and jurisdiction over matters relating to securities and exchanges and insurance generally transferred to Committee on Financial Services of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Jan. 3, 2001.
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–203effective on the designated transfer date, see section 1100H ofPub. L. 111–203, set out as a note under section 552a of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by section 5 ofPub. L. 103–312applicable only to rulemaking proceedings initiated after Aug. 26, 1994, and not to be construed to affect in any manner a rulemaking proceeding initiated before such date, see section 15(b) ofPub. L. 103–312, set out as a note under section 45 of this title.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–550effective as if included in the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991, Pub. L. 102–242, as of Dec. 19, 1991, see section 1609(a) ofPub. L. 102–550, set out as a note under section 191 of this title.
Effective and Termination Dates of 1980 Amendments

Pub. L. 96–252, § 10(e),May 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 378, provided that: “The amendments made in subsection (a) andsubsection (c) [amending this section] are repealed, effective at the end of fiscal year 1982. Effective upon such repeal, paragraph (5) of section 18(h) of the Federal Trade Commission Act [subsec. (h)(5) of this section], as added by subsection (d), is redesignated as paragraph (4) of section 18(h) of such Act.”
Pub. L. 97–377, title I, § 101(d),Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1866, 1870, provided in part that: “Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the provisions of sections 10 [amending this section and enacting provision set out as first paragraph of this note], 11(b) [set out as a note below], 18 [set out as a note under section 57c of this title], 20 [set out as a note under section 57c of this title] and 21 [enacting section 57a–1 of this title and enacting a provision set out as a note under section 57a–1 of this title], of the Federal Trade Commission Improvements Act of 1980 (Public Law 96–252; 94 Stat. 374) are hereby extended until the termination date set forth in section 102(c) of H.J. Res. 631 [Sept. 30, 1983] as enacted into law [Pub. L. 97–377], notwithstanding subsections 10(e) [see paragraph above] and 21(i) [set out as a note under section 57a–1 of this title] of the Federal Trade Commission Improvements Act of 1980 (Public Law 96–252; 94 Stat. 374).”
Pub. L. 96–252, § 11(c),May 28, 1980, 94 Stat. 379, provided that: “The amendments made in subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [May 28, 1980]. The children’s advertising proceeding pending on the date of the enactment of this Act shall not proceed further until such time as the Commission has complied with section 18(b)(1)(A) of the Federal Trade Commission Act [subsec. (b)(1)(A) of this section], as amended by subsection (a)(3) and as so redesignated in section 8 (a). In any such further proceeding, interested parties shall be given a reasonable opportunity to present their views in accordance with section 18(b)(1)(B) of the Federal Trade Commission Act, as so redesignated in section 8 (a) [subsec. (b)(1)(B) of this section], section 18(b)(1)(C) of such Act, as so redesignated in section 8 (a) [subsec. (b)(1)(C) of this section], and section 18(c) of such Act (15 U.S.C. 57a (c)).”
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–252effective May 28, 1980, see section 23 ofPub. L. 96–252, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 45 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 96–221effective on expiration of two years and six months after Mar. 31, 1980, with all regulations, forms and clauses required to be prescribed to be promulgated at least one year prior to such effective date, and allowing any creditor to comply with any amendments, in accordance with the regulations, forms, and clauses prescribed by the Board prior to such effective date, see section 625 ofPub. L. 96–221, set out as an Effective Date of 1980 Amendment note under section 1602 of this title.
Restriction on Use of Funds for Purpose of Initiating New Rulemaking Proceeding

Section 11(b) ofPub. L. 96–252prohibited the Federal Trade Commission from using any funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter for fiscal year 1980, 1981, or 1982 (or 1983 as extended by Pub. L. 97–377, title I§ 101(d),Dec. 21, 1982, 96 Stat. 1870), under section 57c of this title, for the purpose of initiating any new rulemaking proceeding under this section which was intended to result in, or which might result in, the promulgation of any rule by the Commission which prohibited or otherwise regulated any commercial advertising on the basis of a determination by the Commission that such commercial advertising constituted an unfair act or practice in or affecting commerce.
Restriction on Use of Funds Respecting Regulation of Funeral Industry; Exception

Section 19 ofPub. L. 96–252prohibited the Federal Trade Commission from using any funds authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subchapter for fiscal year 1980, 1981, or 1982, under section 57c of this title to issue the proposed trade regulation rule which was published in the Federal Register of Aug. 29, 1975, beginning at page 39901, and which relates to the regulation of funeral industry practices, in final form or a substantially similar proposed or final trade regulation rule unless the final rule met specific requirements and the Commission followed specific procedures.
Oversight Hearings With Respect to Federal Trade Commission

Section 22 ofPub. L. 96–252required the Consumer Subcommittee of the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate to conduct an oversight hearing with respect to the Federal Trade Commission at least once during the first 6 calendar months, and at least once during the last 6 calendar months, of each of the fiscal years 1980, 1981, and 1982.
Applicability of Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices Rulemaking Procedures to Rules Classifying Corporations Promulgated Prior to January 4, 1975

Pub. L. 93–637, title II, § 202(c),Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2198, provided that:
“(1) The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) of this section [enacting this section and amending section 46 of this title] shall not affect the validity of any rule which was promulgated under section 6(g) of the Federal Trade Commission Act [section 46 (g) of this title] prior to the date of enactment of this section [Jan. 4, 1975]. Any proposed rule under section 6(g) of such Act with respect to which presentation of data, views, and arguments was substantially completed before such date may be promulgated in the same manner and with the same validity as such rule could have been promulgated had this section not been enacted.
“(2) If a rule described in paragraph (1) of this subsection is valid and if section 18 of the Federal Trade Commission Act [this section] would have applied to such rule had such rule been promulgated after the date of enactment of this Act, any substantive change in the rule after it has been promulgated shall be made in accordance with such section 18.”
Study, Evaluation, and Report by Federal Trade Commission and Administrative Conference of United States on Unfair or Deceptive Acts or Practices; Rulemaking Procedures

Section 202(d) ofPub. L. 93–637, as amended by Pub. L. 94–299, § 2,May 29, 1976, 90 Stat. 588; Pub. L. 95–558, Nov. 1, 1978, 92 Stat. 2130, required the Federal Trade Commission and the Administrative Conference of the United States, not later than June 30, 1979, to conduct a study and submit a report to Congress on the rulemaking procedures under section 57a of this title.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


12 CFR - Banks and Banking

12 CFR Part 227 - UNFAIR OR DECEPTIVE ACTS OR PRACTICES (REGULATION AA)

12 CFR Part 535 - UNFAIR OR DECEPTIVE ACTS OR PRACTICES

12 CFR Part 706 - UNFAIR OR DECEPTIVE ACTS OR PRACTICES

16 CFR - Commercial Practices

16 CFR Part 1 - GENERAL PROCEDURES

16 CFR Part 5 - STANDARDS OF CONDUCT

16 CFR Part 14 - ADMINISTRATIVE INTERPRETATIONS, GENERAL POLICY STATEMENTS, AND ENFORCEMENT POLICY STATEMENTS

16 CFR Part 20 - GUIDES FOR THE REBUILT, RECONDITIONED AND OTHER USED AUTOMOBILE PARTS INDUSTRY

16 CFR Part 251 - GUIDE CONCERNING USE OF THE WORD “FREE” AND SIMILAR REPRESENTATIONS

16 CFR Part 254 - GUIDES FOR PRIVATE VOCATIONAL AND DISTANCE EDUCATION SCHOOLS

16 CFR Part 255 - GUIDES CONCERNING USE OF ENDORSEMENTS AND TESTIMONIALS IN ADVERTISING

16 CFR Part 259 - GUIDE CONCERNING FUEL ECONOMY ADVERTISING FOR NEW AUTOMOBILES

16 CFR Part 260 - GUIDES FOR THE USE OF ENVIRONMENTAL MARKETING CLAIMS

16 CFR Part 320 - DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS LACKING FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE

16 CFR Part 410 - DECEPTIVE ADVERTISING AS TO SIZES OF VIEWABLE PICTURES SHOWN BY TELEVISION RECEIVING SETS

16 CFR Part 423 - CARE LABELING OF TEXTILE WEARING APPAREL AND CERTAIN PIECE GOODS AS AMENDED

16 CFR Part 424 - RETAIL FOOD STORE ADVERTISING AND MARKETING PRACTICES

16 CFR Part 425 - USE OF PRENOTIFICATION NEGATIVE OPTION PLANS

16 CFR Part 429 - RULE CONCERNING COOLING-OFF PERIOD FOR SALES MADE AT HOMES OR AT CERTAIN OTHER LOCATIONS

16 CFR Part 432 - POWER OUTPUT CLAIMS FOR AMPLIFIERS UTILIZED IN HOME ENTERTAINMENT PRODUCTS

16 CFR Part 433 - PRESERVATION OF CONSUMERS' CLAIMS AND DEFENSES

16 CFR Part 435 - MAIL OR TELEPHONE ORDER MERCHANDISE

16 CFR Part 436 - DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS AND PROHIBITIONS CONCERNING FRANCHISING

16 CFR Part 438

16 CFR Part 444 - CREDIT PRACTICES

16 CFR Part 453 - FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES

16 CFR Part 455 - USED MOTOR VEHICLE TRADE REGULATION RULE

16 CFR Part 456 - OPHTHALMIC PRACTICE RULES (EYEGLASS RULE)

16 CFR Part 460 - LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF HOME INSULATION

 

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