In any case in which the attorney general of a State has reason to believe that an interest of the residents of that State has been or is threatened or adversely affected by the engagement of any person in a practice that violates any regulation of the Commission prescribed under section
6502(b) of this title, the State, as parens patriae, may bring a civil action on behalf of the residents of the State in a district court of the United States of appropriate jurisdiction to—
(A)enjoin that practice;
(B)enforce compliance with the regulation;
(C)obtain damage, restitution, or other compensation on behalf of residents of the State; or
(D)obtain such other relief as the court may consider to be appropriate.
(A) In general
Before filing an action under paragraph (1), the attorney general of the State involved shall provide to the Commission—
(i)written notice of that action; and
(ii)a copy of the complaint for that action.
Subparagraph (A) shall not apply with respect to the filing of an action by an attorney general of a State under this subsection, if the attorney general determines that it is not feasible to provide the notice described in that subparagraph before the filing of the action.
In an action described in clause (i), the attorney general of a State shall provide notice and a copy of the complaint to the Commission at the same time as the attorney general files the action.
(1) In general
On receiving notice under subsection (a)(2) of this section, the Commission shall have the right to intervene in the action that is the subject of the notice.
(2) Effect of intervention
If the Commission intervenes in an action under subsection (a) of this section, it shall have the right—
(A)to be heard with respect to any matter that arises in that action; and
(B)to file a petition for appeal.
(3) Amicus curiae
Upon application to the court, a person whose self-regulatory guidelines have been approved by the Commission and are relied upon as a defense by any defendant to a proceeding under this section may file amicus curiae in that proceeding.
For purposes of bringing any civil action under subsection (a) of this section, nothing in this chapter shall be construed to prevent an attorney general of a State from exercising the powers conferred on the attorney general by the laws of that State to—
(2)administer oaths or affirmations; or
(3)compel the attendance of witnesses or the production of documentary and other evidence.
(d) Actions by Commission
In any case in which an action is instituted by or on behalf of the Commission for violation of any regulation prescribed under section
6502 of this title, no State may, during the pendency of that action, institute an action under subsection (a) of this section against any defendant named in the complaint in that action for violation of that regulation.
(e) Venue; service of process
Any action brought under subsection (a) of this section may be brought in the district court of the United States that meets applicable requirements relating to venue under section
1391 of title
(2) Service of process
In an action brought under subsection (a) of this section, process may be served in any district in which the defendant—
For effective date of section, see section 1308 ofPub. L. 105–277, set out as a note under section
6501 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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