(Pub. L. 95–307, § 3,June 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 353; Pub. L. 96–294, title II, § 254,June 30, 1980, 94 Stat. 707; Pub. L. 100–521, § 3,Oct. 24, 1988, 102 Stat. 2601; Pub. L. 101–624, title XII, § 1241(a),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 3544; Pub. L. 105–185, title II, § 253(b), (c),June 23, 1998, 112 Stat. 559; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(a) [title VII, § 753(a)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681, 2681–32.)
References in Text
The Federal revenue codes, referred to in subsec. (d)(2), are classified generally to Title 26, Internal Revenue Code.
1998—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–185
, § 253(b), added subsec. (d) and struck out former subsec. (d) which read as follows: “The Secretary is authorized to conduct, support, and cooperate in studies and other activities the Secretary deems necessary to—
“(1) evaluate renewable resource management problems associated with urban-forest interface;
“(2) assess effects of changes in Federal revenue codes on private forest management and investment; and
“(3) develop improved delivery systems for information and technical assistance provided to private landowners.”
Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 105–277
substituted “At the request of the Governor of the State of Maine, New Hampshire, New York, or Vermont, the Secretary” for “The Secretary”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–185
, § 253(c), added subsec. (e).
1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–624
, § 1241(a)(1), inserted “, including activities for encouraging improved reforestation of forest lands from which timber has been harvested” after “purposes”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–624
, § 1241(a)(2), designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–624
, § 1241(a)(3), added subsec. (d).
1988—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–521
added subsec. (c).
1980—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 96–294
, § 254(1), inserted applicability to energy production and energy conservation activities.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 96–294
, § 254(2), inserted applicability to producing and conserving energy.
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 105–277
effective June 23, 1998, see section
[title VII, § 753(f)] of Pub. L. 105–277
, set out as a note under section
Southern Forest Regeneration Program
Section 1242 ofPub. L. 101–624
“(a) Establishment.—The Secretary of Agriculture shall make a grant to a State for the establishment, within such State, of a center, to be known as the ‘Southern Forest Regeneration Center’ (hereafter referred to in this section as the ‘Center’), to study forest regeneration problems and forest productivity in the southern region of the United States.
“(b) Duties of Center.—The Center shall study forest regeneration problems and forest productivity in the southern region of the United States, including—
“(1) nursery management concerns that will lead to improved seedling quality;
“(2) forest management practices that account for environmental stresses; and
“(3) the development of low-cost forest regeneration methods that provide options for wood products, species diversity, wildlife habitat, and production of clean air and water.
“(c) Establishment of Other Programs.—The Secretary of Agriculture may establish other programs in other regions of the United States, or a comprehensive National program, to carry out the purposes of this section as the Secretary determines appropriate.
“(d) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.”
Semiarid Agroforestry Research Center
Section 1243 ofPub. L. 101–624
“(a) Semiarid Agroforestry Research, Development, and Demonstration Center.—The Secretary of Agriculture shall establish at the Forestry Sciences Laboratory of the United States Forest Service, in Lincoln, Nebraska, a Semiarid Agroforestry Research, Development, and Demonstration Center (hereafter referred to in this section as the ‘Center’) and appoint a Director to manage and coordinate the program established at the Center under subsection (b).
“(b) Program.—The Secretary shall establish a program at the Center and seek the participation of Federal or State governmental entities, land-grant colleges or universities, State agricultural experiment stations, State and private foresters, the National Arbor Day Foundation, and other nonprofit foundations in such program to conduct or assist research, investigations, studies, and surveys to—
“(1) develop sustainable agroforestry systems on semiarid lands that minimize topsoil loss and water contamination and stabilize or enhance crop productivity;
“(2) adapt, demonstrate, document, and model the effectiveness of agroforestry systems under different farming systems and soil or climate conditions;
“(3) develop dual use agroforestry systems compatible with paragraphs (1) and (2) which would provide high-value forestry products for commercial sale from semiarid land;
“(4) develop and improve the drought and pest resistance characteristics of trees for conservation forestry and agroforestry applications in semiarid regions, including the introduction and breeding of trees suited for the Great Plains region of the United States;
“(5) develop technology transfer programs that increase farmer and public acceptance of sustainable agroforestry systems;
“(6) develop improved windbreak and shelterbelt technologies for drought preparedness, soil and water conservation, environmental quality, and biological diversity on semiarid lands;
“(7) develop technical and economic concepts for sustainable agroforestry on semiarid lands, including the conduct of economic analyses of the costs and benefits of agroforestry systems and the development of models to predict the economic benefits under soil or climate conditions;
“(8) provide international leadership in the development and exchange of agroforestry practices on semiarid lands worldwide;
“(9) support research on the effects of agroforestry systems on semiarid lands in mitigating nonpoint source water pollution;
“(10) support research on the design, establishment, and maintenance of tree and shrub plantings to regulate the deposition of snow along roadways; and
“(11) conduct sociological, demographic, and economic studies as needed to develop strategies for increasing the use of forestry conservation and agroforestry practices.
“(c) Information Collection and Dissemination.—The Secretary shall establish at the Center a program, to be known as the National Clearinghouse on Agroforestry Conservation and Promotion to—
“(1) collect, analyze, and disseminate information on agroforestry conservation technologies and practices; and
“(2) promote the use of such information by landowners and those organizations associated with forestry and tree promotion.
“(d) Authorization of Appropriations.—There are authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 annually to carry out this section.”
Forest Ecosystems and Atmospheric Pollution Research; Congressional Findings
Section 2 ofPub. L. 100–521
provided that: “Congress finds that—
“(1) the health and productivity of forests in certain regions of the United States are declining;
“(2) there is a special concern about the decline of certain hardwood species, particularly sugar maples and oaks, in the eastern United States and the effects of atmospheric pollutants on the health and productivity of these forests;
“(3) declines in the productivity of certain commercially important Southern pine species have been measured;
“(4) existing research indicates that atmospheric pollution, including ozone, acidic deposition, and heavy metals, may contribute to this decline;
“(5) there is an urgent need to expand and better coordinate existing Federal, State, and private research, including research by private industry, to determine the cause of changes in the health and productivity of domestic forest ecosystems and to monitor and evaluate the effects of atmospheric pollutants on such ecosystems; and
“(6) such research and monitoring should not impede efforts to control atmospheric pollutants.”