(1)for well over a quarter of a century, scientific investigation has been the principal activity of the Federal Government and United States nationals in Antarctica;
(2)more recently, interest of American tourists in Antarctica has increased;
(3)as the lead civilian agency in Antarctica, the National Science Foundation has long had responsibility for ensuring that United States scientific activities and tourism, and their supporting logistics operations, are conducted with an eye to preserving the unique values of the Antarctic region;
(4)the Antarctic Treaty and the Protocol establish a firm foundation for the conservation of Antarctic resources, for the continuation of international cooperation and the freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica; and
(5)the Antarctic Treaty and the Protocol establish international mechanisms and create legal obligations necessary for the maintenance of Antarctica as a natural reserve devoted to peace and science.
The purpose of this chapter is to provide for the conservation and protection of the fauna and flora of Antarctica, and of the ecosystem upon which such fauna and flora depend, consistent with the Antarctic Treaty and the Protocol.
1996—Subsec. (a)(1) to (3). Pub. L. 104–227, § 101(a)(1), added pars. (1) to (3). Former pars. (1) and (2) redesignated (4) and (5), respectively.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 104–227, § 101(a)(1), (2), redesignated par. (1) as (4) and substituted “the Protocol establish a firm foundation for the conservation of Antarctic resources,” for “the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora, adopted at the Third Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, have established a firm foundation”.
Subsec. (a)(5). Pub. L. 104–227, § 101(a)(1), (3), redesignated par. (2) as (5) and substituted “the Antarctic Treaty and the Protocol establish international mechanisms and create legal obligations necessary for the maintenance of Antarctica as a natural reserve devoted to peace and science.” for “the study of Antarctic fauna and flora, their adaptation to their rigorous environment, and their interrelationships with that environment has special scientific importance for all mankind.”
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 104–227, § 101(b), substituted “Treaty and the Protocol” for “Treaty, the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora, and Recommendation VII–3 of the Eighth Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting”.
Short Title of 1996 Amendment
Pub. L. 104–227, § 1,Oct. 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 3034, provided that: “This Act [enacting sections
2413 of this title, amending this section, sections
2463 of this title, and sections
1908 of Title
33, Navigation and Navigable Waters, and repealing sections
2466 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Antarctic Science, Tourism, and Conservation Act of 1996’.”
Pub. L. 95–541, § 1,Oct. 28, 1978, 92 Stat. 2048, provided: “That this Act [enacting this chapter, amending section
1971 of Title
22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, and enacting a provision set out as a note under section
1971 of Title
22] may be cited as the ‘Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978’.”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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