16 U.S. Code § 2403 - Prohibited acts

(a) In general
It is unlawful for any person—
(1) to introduce any prohibited product onto land or ice shelves or into water in Antarctica;
(2) to dispose of any waste onto ice-free land areas or into fresh water systems in Antarctica;
(3) to dispose of any prohibited waste in Antarctica;
(4) to engage in open burning of waste;
(5) to transport passengers to, from, or within Antarctica by any seagoing vessel not required to comply with the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships (33 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), unless the person has an agreement with the vessel owner or operator under which the owner or operator is required to comply with Annex IV to the Protocol;
(6) who organizes, sponsors, operates, or promotes a nongovernmental expedition to Antarctica, and who does business in the United States, to fail to notify all members of the expedition of the environmental protection obligations of this chapter, and of actions which members must take, or not take, in order to comply with those obligations;
(7) to damage, remove, or destroy a historic site or monument;
(8) to refuse permission to any authorized officer or employee of the United States to board a vessel, vehicle, or aircraft of the United States, or subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, for the purpose of conducting any search or inspection in connection with the enforcement of this chapter or any regulation promulgated or permit issued under this chapter;
(9) to forcibly assault, resist, oppose, impede, intimidate, or interfere with any authorized officer or employee of the United States in the conduct of any search or inspection described in paragraph (8);
(10) to resist a lawful arrest or detention for any act prohibited by this section;
(11) to interfere with, delay, or prevent, by any means, the apprehension, arrest, or detention of another person, knowing that such other person has committed any act prohibited by this section;
(12) to violate any regulation issued under this chapter, or any term or condition of any permit issued to that person under this chapter; or
(13) to attempt to commit or cause to be committed any act prohibited by this section.
(b) Acts prohibited unless authorized by permit
It is unlawful for any person, unless authorized by a permit issued under this chapter—
(1) to dispose of any waste in Antarctica (except as otherwise authorized by the Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships [33 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.]) including—
(A) disposing of any waste from land into the sea in Antarctica; and
(B) incinerating any waste on land or ice shelves in Antarctica, or on board vessels at points of embarcation or debarcation, other than through the use at remote field sites of incinerator toilets for human waste;
(2) to introduce into Antarctica any member of a nonnative species;
(3) to enter or engage in activities within any Antarctic Specially Protected Area;
(4) to engage in any taking or harmful interference in Antarctica; or
(5) to receive, acquire, transport, offer for sale, sell, purchase, import, export, or have custody, control, or possession of, any native bird, native mammal, or native plant which the person knows, or in the exercise of due care should have known, was taken in violation of this chapter.
(c) Exception for emergencies
No act described in subsection (a)(1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (7), (12), or (13) of this section or in subsection (b) of this section shall be unlawful if the person committing the act reasonably believed that the act was committed under emergency circumstances involving the safety of human life or of ships, aircraft, or equipment or facilities of high value, or the protection of the environment.

Source

(Pub. L. 95–541, § 4,Oct. 28, 1978, 92 Stat. 2049; Pub. L. 104–227, title I, § 103,Oct. 2, 1996, 110 Stat. 3036.)
References in Text

The Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships, referred to in subsecs. (a)(5) and (b)(1), is Pub. L. 96–478, Oct. 21, 1980, 94 Stat. 2297, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 33 (§ 1901 et seq.) of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1901 of Title 33 and Tables.
Amendments

1996—Pub. L. 104–227reenacted section catchline without change and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text consisted of subsec. (a) “In General”, which set forth unlawful acts in pars. (1) to (4) and provided that such acts would not be unlawful if committed under emergency circumstances to prevent the loss of human life, and subsec. (b) “Exception”, which provided that subsec. (a) would not apply with respect to any native mammal, native bird, or native plant held in captivity or to any offspring of such mammal, bird, or plant.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

16 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


15 CFR - Commerce and Foreign Trade

15 CFR Part 904 - CIVIL PROCEDURES

18 CFR - Conservation of Power and Water Resources

18 CFR Part 290 - COLLECTION OF COST OF SERVICE INFORMATION UNDER SECTION 133 OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATORY POLICIES ACT OF 1978

40 CFR - Protection of Environment

40 CFR Part 8 - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF NONGOVERNMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN ANTARCTICA

45 CFR - Public Welfare

45 CFR Part 670 - CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC ANIMALS AND PLANTS

45 CFR Part 672 - ENFORCEMENT AND HEARING PROCEDURES

45 CFR Part 673 - ANTARCTIC NON-GOVERNMENTAL EXPEDITIONS

45 CFR Part 674 - ANTARCTIC METEORITES

 

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