(a)The term “fish or wildlife” means any wild animal, whether alive or dead, including without limitation any wild mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, fish, mollusk, crustacean, arthropod, coelenterate, or other invertebrate, whether or not bred, hatched, or born in captivity, and includes any part, product, egg, or offspring thereof.
(b)The term “import” means to land on, bring into, or introduce into, any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, whether or not such landing, bringing, or introduction constitutes an importation within the meaning of the customs laws of the United States.
(c)The term “Indian tribal law” means any regulation of, or other rule of conduct enforceable by, any Indian tribe, band, or group but only to the extent that the regulation or rule applies within Indian country as defined in section
1151 of title
(d)The terms “law,” “treaty,” “regulation,” and “Indian tribal law” mean laws, treaties, regulations or Indian tribal laws which regulate the taking, possession, importation, exportation, transportation, or sale of fish or wildlife or plants.
(e)The term “person” includes any individual, partnership, association, corporation, trust, or any officer, employee, agent, department, or instrumentality of the Federal Government or of any State or political subdivision thereof, or any other entity subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(1) In general.— The terms “plant” and “plants” mean any wild member of the plant kingdom, including roots, seeds, parts, or products thereof, and including trees from either natural or planted forest stands.
(2) Exclusions.— The terms “plant” and “plants” exclude—
(A)common cultivars, except trees, and common food crops (including roots, seeds, parts, or products thereof);
(B)a scientific specimen of plant genetic material (including roots, seeds, germplasm, parts, or products thereof) that is to be used only for laboratory or field research; and
(C)any plant that is to remain planted or to be planted or replanted.
(3) Exceptions to application of exclusions.— The exclusions made by subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (2) do not apply if the plant is listed—
(A)in an appendix to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (27 UST 1087; TIAS 8249);
(B)as an endangered or threatened species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.); or
(C)pursuant to any State law that provides for the conservation of species that are indigenous to the State and are threatened with extinction.
(g) Prohibited Wildlife Species.— The term “prohibited wildlife species” means any live species of lion, tiger, leopard, cheetah, jaguar, or cougar or any hybrid of such species.
(h)The term “Secretary” means, except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the Secretary of the Interior or the Secretary of Commerce, as program responsibilities are vested pursuant to the provisions of Reorganization Plan Numbered 4 of 1970 (84 Stat. 2090); except that with respect to the provisions of this chapter which pertain to the importation or exportation of plants, the term also means the Secretary of Agriculture.
(i)The term “State” means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, and any other territory, commonwealth, or possession of the United States.
(j) Taken and Taking.—
(1) Taken.— The term “taken” means captured, killed, or collected and, with respect to a plant, also means harvested, cut, logged, or removed.
(2) Taking.— The term “taking” means the act by which fish, wildlife, or plants are taken.
(k)The term “transport” means to move, convey, carry, or ship by any means, or to deliver or receive for the purpose of movement, conveyance, carriage, or shipment.
This chapter, referred to in the provision preceding par. (a), and in par. (h), was in the original “this Act” and “the Act”, meaning Pub. L. 97–79, Nov. 16, 1981, 95 Stat. 1073, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out below and Tables.
The Endangered Species Act of 1973, referred to in subsec. (f)(3)(B), is Pub. L. 93–205, Dec. 28, 1973, 87 Stat. 884, which is classified principally to chapter 35 (§ 1531 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
1531 of this title and Tables.
Reorganization Plan No. 4 of 1970 (84 Stat. 2090), referred to in par. (h), is set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
2008—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 110–246, § 8204(a)(1), amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (f) read as follows: “The terms ‘plant’ and ‘plants’ mean any wild member of the plant kingdom, including roots, seeds, and other parts thereof (but excluding common food crops and cultivars) which is indigenous to any State and which is either (A) listed on an appendix to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, or (B) listed pursuant to any State law that provides for the conservation of species threatened with extinction.”
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 110–246, § 8204(a)(2), substituted “plants, the term also means” for “plants the term means”.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 110–246, § 8204(a)(3), amended subsec. (j) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (j) read as follows: “The term ‘taken’ means captured, killed, or collected.”
2003—Subsecs. (g) to (k). Pub. L. 108–191added subsec. (g) and redesignated former subsecs. (g) to (j) as (h) to (k), respectively.
Pub. L. 108–191, § 1,Dec. 19, 2003, 117 Stat. 2871, provided that: “This Act [amending this section and section
3372 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section
3372 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Captive Wildlife Safety Act’.”
Pub. L. 97–79, § 1,Nov. 16, 1981, 95 Stat. 1073, provided: “That this Act [enacting this chapter, amending section
1540 of this title and section
42 of Title
18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, repealing sections
856 of this title and sections
3112 of Title
18, and enacting provisions set out as a note under section
1540 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Lacey Act Amendments of 1981’.”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.