16 U.S. Code § 3451 - Definitions
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In this subchapter:
(1) Area plan
The term “area plan” means a resource conservation and use plan developed through a locally led planning process by a council for a designated area of 1 or more States, or of land under the jurisdiction of an Indian tribe, that includes 1 or more of the following elements:
(B) A water management element that provides 1 or more clear environmental or conservation benefits, the purpose of which is to provide for—
(C) A community development element, the purpose of which is to improve—
The term “council” means a nonprofit entity (including an affiliate of the entity) operating in a State that is—
(A) established by volunteers or representatives of States, local units of government, Indian tribes, or local nonprofit organizations to carry out an area plan in a designated area; and
(4) Designated area
The term “designated area” means a geographic area designated by the Secretary to receive technical assistance and financial assistance under this subchapter.
(5) Financial assistance
The term “financial assistance” means a grant or loan provided by the Secretary (or the Secretary and other Federal agencies) to, or a cooperative agreement entered into by the Secretary (or the Secretary and other Federal agencies) with, a council, or association of councils, to carry out an area plan in a designated area, including assistance provided for planning, analysis, feasibility studies, training, education, and other activities necessary to carry out the area plan.
(6) Indian tribe
(7) Local unit of government
The term “local unit of government” means—
(A) any county, city, town, township, parish, village, or other general-purpose subdivision of a State; and
(8) Locally led planning process
The term “planning process” means actions taken by a locally led council to develop and carry out an effective area plan in a designated area, including development of the area plan, goals, purposes, policies, implementation activities, evaluations and reviews, and the opportunity for public participation in the actions.
(9) Nonprofit organization
The term “nonprofit organization” means any organization that is—
The term “project” means a project that is carried out by a council to achieve any of the elements of an area plan.
The term “State” means—
(13) Technical assistance
The term “technical assistance” means any service provided by the Secretary or agent of the Secretary, including—
(A) inventorying, evaluating, planning, designing, supervising, laying out, and inspecting projects;
Source(Pub. L. 97–98, title XV, § 1528, as added Pub. L. 107–171, title II, § 2504,May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 269; Pub. L. 110–234, title II, § 2805(a), (b),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1088; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title II, § 2805(a), (b),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1816.)
Pub. L. 110–234and Pub. L. 110–246made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246.
A prior section 3451,Pub. L. 97–98, title XV, § 1528,Dec. 22, 1981, 95 Stat. 1337, related to statement of purpose, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 107–171.
2008—Par. (1). Pub. L. 110–246, § 2805(a)(1), substituted “locally led planning process” for “planning process” in introductory provisions.
Pars. (8), (9). Pub. L. 110–246, § 2805(a)(2), (3), redesignated pars. (9) and (8) as (8) and (9), respectively, and, in par. (8), substituted “Locally led planning process” for “Planning process” in heading and “locally led council” for “council” in text.
Par. (13)(C), (D). Pub. L. 110–246, § 2805(b), added subpars. (C) and (D) and struck out former subpars. (C) and (D) which read as follows:
“(C) providing assistance for the long-term implementation of area plans; and
“(D) providing services of an agency of the Department of Agriculture to assist councils in developing and carrying out area plans.”
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment
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