18 U.S. Code § 1091 - Genocide

prev | next
(a) Basic Offense.— Whoever, whether in time of peace or in time of war and with the specific intent to destroy, in whole or in substantial part, a national, ethnic, racial, or religious group as such—
(1) kills members of that group;
(2) causes serious bodily injury to members of that group;
(3) causes the permanent impairment of the mental faculties of members of the group through drugs, torture, or similar techniques;
(4) subjects the group to conditions of life that are intended to cause the physical destruction of the group in whole or in part;
(5) imposes measures intended to prevent births within the group; or
(6) transfers by force children of the group to another group;
shall be punished as provided in subsection (b).
(b) Punishment for Basic Offense.— The punishment for an offense under subsection (a) is—
(1) in the case of an offense under subsection (a)(1), where death results, by death or imprisonment for life and a fine of not more than $1,000,000, or both; and
(2) a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both, in any other case.
(c) Incitement Offense.— Whoever directly and publicly incites another to violate subsection (a) shall be fined not more than $500,000 or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
(d) Attempt and Conspiracy.— Any person who attempts or conspires to commit an offense under this section shall be punished in the same manner as a person who completes the offense.
(e) Jurisdiction.— There is jurisdiction over the offenses described in subsections (a), (c), and (d) if—
(1) the offense is committed in whole or in part within the United States; or
(2) regardless of where the offense is committed, the alleged offender is—
(A) a national of the United States (as that term is defined in section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101));
(B) an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States (as that term is defined in section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101));
(C) a stateless person whose habitual residence is in the United States; or
(D) present in the United States.
(f) Nonapplicability of Certain Limitations.— Notwithstanding section 3282, in the case of an offense under this section, an indictment may be found, or information instituted, at any time without limitation.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 100–606, § 2(a),Nov. 4, 1988, 102 Stat. 3045; amended Pub. L. 103–322, title VI, § 60003(a)(13),Sept. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 1970; Pub. L. 107–273, div. B, title IV, § 4002(a)(4), (b)(7),Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1806, 1808; Pub. L. 110–151, § 2,Dec. 21, 2007, 121 Stat. 1821; Pub. L. 111–122, § 3(a),Dec. 22, 2009, 123 Stat. 3481.)
Amendments

2009—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 111–122, § 3(a)(1), struck out “, in a circumstance described in subsection (d)” before “and with the specific” in introductory provisions and “or attempts to do so,” before “shall be punished” in concluding provisions.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–122, § 3(a)(2), struck out “in a circumstance described in subsection (d)” before “directly”.
Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 111–122, § 3(a)(3), (4), added subsecs. (d) to (f) and struck out former subsecs. (d) and (e) which related to the required circumstance for offenses referred to in subsecs. (a) and (c) and nonapplicability of certain limitations, respectively.
2007—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 110–151added subsec. (d) and struck out former subsec. (d). Text of former subsec. (d) read as follows: “The circumstance referred to in subsections (a) and (c) is that—
“(1) the offense is committed within the United States; or
“(2) the alleged offender is a national of the United States (as defined in section 101 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101)).”
2002—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 107–273, § 4002(b)(7), substituted “subsection (a)(1),” for “subsection (a)(1),,”.
Pub. L. 107–273, § 4002(a)(4), made technical correction to directory language of Pub. L. 103–322. See 1994 Amendment note below.
1994—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 103–322, as amended by Pub. L. 107–273, § 4002(a)(4), substituted “, where death results, by death or imprisonment for life and a fine of not more than $1,000,000, or both;” for “a fine of not more than $1,000,000 and imprisonment for life,”.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Pub. L. 107–273, div. B, title IV, § 4002(a)(4),Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1806, provided that the amendment made by section 4002 (a)(4) is effective Sept. 13, 1994.
Short Title

Pub. L. 100–606, § 1,Nov. 4, 1988, 102 Stat. 3045, provided that: “This Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the ‘Genocide Convention Implementation Act of 1987 (the Proxmire Act)’.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

18 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.