Whoever, being a citizen or resident of the United States and a member of the crew or ship’s company of any foreign vessel engaged in the slave trade, or whoever, being of the crew or ship’s company of any vessel owned in whole or in part, or navigated for, or in behalf of, any citizen of the United States, lands from such vessel, and on any foreign shore seizes any person with intent to make that person a slave, or decoys, or forcibly brings, carries, receives, confines, detains or transports any person as a slave on board such vessel, or, on board such vessel, offers or attempts to sell any such person as a slave, or on the high seas or anywhere on tide water, transfers or delivers to any other vessel any such person with intent to make such person a slave, or lands or delivers on shore from such vessel any person with intent to sell, or having previously sold, such person as a slave, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than seven years, or both.
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 421,
425 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §§ 246,
250,35 Stat. 1138, 1139).
Section consolidates and restores three basic sections (act May 25, 1820, ch. 113, §§ 4,
5,3 Stat. 600, 601; act Apr. 20, 1818, ch. 91, § 4,3 Stat. 451). As reenacted in the Revised Statutes, such sections were extended and broadened beyond such basic acts. The language at the beginning, “being a citizen or resident of the United States”, was inserted from said section
425 of title
18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., as enacted originally. While the basic provisions of said sections
422 are thus broadened, their application as enacted in the 1909 Criminal Code is narrowed.
Designation in said section
421 of title
18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., of offender as a “pirate” was omitted as unnecessary. The punishment provision of section
1582 of this title (incorporated by reference in said section
425) has been adopted as consistent with other slave-trade statutes rather than the life-imprisonment penalty contained in said sections
422 of title
18, U.S.C., 1940 ed. However, the requirement in section
1582 of this title that one-half the fine be for the “use of the person prosecuting the indictment to effect” was omitted as meaningless.
Mandatory-punishment provisions were rephrased in the alternative.
1994—Pub. L. 103–322substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $5,000”.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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