18 U.S. Code § 1905 - Disclosure of confidential information generally

Whoever, being an officer or employee of the United States or of any department or agency thereof, any person acting on behalf of the Federal Housing Finance Agency, or agent of the Department of Justice as defined in the Antitrust Civil Process Act (15 U.S.C. 1311–1314), or being an employee of a private sector organization who is or was assigned to an agency under chapter 37 of title 5, publishes, divulges, discloses, or makes known in any manner or to any extent not authorized by law any information coming to him in the course of his employment or official duties or by reason of any examination or investigation made by, or return, report or record made to or filed with, such department or agency or officer or employee thereof, which information concerns or relates to the trade secrets, processes, operations, style of work, or apparatus, or to the identity, confidential statistical data, amount or source of any income, profits, losses, or expenditures of any person, firm, partnership, corporation, or association; or permits any income return or copy thereof or any book containing any abstract or particulars thereof to be seen or examined by any person except as provided by law; shall be fined under this title, or imprisoned not more than one year, or both; and shall be removed from office or employment.

Source

(June 25, 1948, ch. 645, 62 Stat. 791; Pub. L. 96–349, § 7(b),Sept. 12, 1980, 94 Stat. 1158; Pub. L. 102–550, title XIII, § 1353,Oct. 28, 1992, 106 Stat. 3970; Pub. L. 104–294, title VI, § 601(a)(8),Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3498; Pub. L. 107–347, title II, § 209(d)(2),Dec. 17, 2002, 116 Stat. 2930; Pub. L. 110–289, div. A, title I, § 1161(d),July 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2780.)
Historical and Revision Notes

Based on section 176b of title 15, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Commerce and Trade; section 216 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed.; section 1335 of title 19, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Customs Duties (R.S. § 3167; Aug. 27, 1894, ch. 349, § 24,28 Stat. 557; Feb. 26, 1926, ch. 27, § 1115,44 Stat. 117; June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title III, § 335,46 Stat. 701; Jan. 27, 1938, ch. 11, § 2,52 Stat. 8).
Section consolidates section 176b of title 15, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Commerce and Trade; section 216 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., and section 1335 of title 19, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Customs Duties.
Words “or of any department or agency thereof” and words “such department or agency” were inserted so as to eliminate any possible ambiguity as to scope of section. (See definition of “department” and “agency” in section 6 of this title.)
References to the offenses as misdemeanors, contained in all of said sections, were omitted in view of definitive section 1 of this title.
The provisions of section 216 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., relating to publication of income tax data by “any person”, were omitted as covered by section 55 (f)(1) of title 26, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Internal Revenue Code.
Minor changes were made in translations and phraseology.
References in Text

The Antitrust Civil Process Act, referred to in text, is Pub. L. 87–664, Sept. 19, 1962, 76 Stat. 548, as amended, which is classified generally to chapter 34 (§ 1311 et seq.) of Title 15, Commerce and Trade. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1311 of Title 15 and Tables.
Amendments

2008—Pub. L. 110–289substituted “Federal Housing Finance Agency” for “Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight”.
2002—Pub. L. 107–347inserted “or being an employee of a private sector organization who is or was assigned to an agency under chapter 37 of title 5,” after “(15 U.S.C. 1311–1314),”.
1996—Pub. L. 104–294substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $1,000”.
1992—Pub. L. 102–550inserted “any person acting on behalf of the Office of Federal Housing Enterprise Oversight,” after “or agency thereof,”.
1980—Pub. L. 96–349provided for punishment and removal from office of an agent of the Department of Justice as defined in the Antitrust Civil Process Act for disclosure of confidential information.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–347effective 120 days after Dec. 17, 2002, see section 402(a) ofPub. L. 107–347, set out as an Effective Date note under section 3601 of Title 44, Public Printing and Documents.

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


12 CFR - Banks and Banking

12 CFR Part 4 - ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS, AVAILABILITY AND RELEASE OF INFORMATION, CONTRACTING OUTREACH PROGRAM, POST-EMPLOYMENT RESTRICTIONS FOR SENIOR EXAMINERS

19 CFR - Customs Duties

19 CFR Part 103 - AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION

19 CFR Part 133 - TRADEMARKS, TRADE NAMES, AND COPYRIGHTS

20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 402 - AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION AND RECORDS TO THE PUBLIC

21 CFR - Food and Drugs

21 CFR Part 20 - PUBLIC INFORMATION

21 CFR Part 26 - MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF PHARMACEUTICAL GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE REPORTS, MEDICAL DEVICE QUALITY SYSTEM AUDIT REPORTS, AND CERTAIN...DEVICE PRODUCT EVALUATION REPORTS: UNITED STATES AND THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

25 CFR - Indians

25 CFR Part 516 - TESTIMONY OF COMMISSIONERS AND EMPLOYEES AND FORMER COMMISSIONERS AND FORMER EMPLOYEES RESPECTING OFFICIAL DUTIES; RESPONSE TO SUBPOENA

45 CFR - Public Welfare

45 CFR Part 5 - FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS

 

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