(a)Whoever willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, or destroys, or attempts to do so, or, with intent to do so takes and carries away any record, proceeding, map, book, paper, document, or other thing, filed or deposited with any clerk or officer of any court of the United States, or in any public office, or with any judicial or public officer of the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.
(b)Whoever, having the custody of any such record, proceeding, map, book, document, paper, or other thing, willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, falsifies, or destroys the same, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than three years, or both; and shall forfeit his office and be disqualified from holding any office under the United States. As used in this subsection, the term “office” does not include the office held by any person as a retired officer of the Armed Forces of the United States.
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 234,
235 (Mar. 4, 1909, ch. 321, §§ 128,
129,35 Stat. 1111, 1112).
Section consolidates sections
235 of title
18, U.S.C., 1940 ed.
Reference in subsection (a) to intent to steal was omitted as covered by section
641 of this title.
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
1994—Pub. L. 103–322substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $2,000” in subsecs. (a) and (b).
1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–510inserted at end “As used in this subsection, the term ‘office’ does not include the office held by any person as a retired officer of the Armed Forces of the United States.”
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment
Section 552(b) ofPub. L. 101–510provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall be effective as of January 1, 1989.”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.