(a) Action and Jurisdiction.— Any national of the United States injured in his or her person, property, or business by reason of an act of international terrorism, or his or her estate, survivors, or heirs, may sue therefor in any appropriate district court of the United States and shall recover threefold the damages he or she sustains and the cost of the suit, including attorney’s fees.
(b) Estoppel Under United States Law.— A final judgment or decree rendered in favor of the United States in any criminal proceeding under section
2332 of this title or section
46506 of title
49 shall estop the defendant from denying the essential allegations of the criminal offense in any subsequent civil proceeding under this section.
(c) Estoppel Under Foreign Law.— A final judgment or decree rendered in favor of any foreign state in any criminal proceeding shall, to the extent that such judgment or decree may be accorded full faith and credit under the law of the United States, estop the defendant from denying the essential allegations of the criminal offense in any subsequent civil proceeding under this section.
1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–429substituted “section
46506 of title
49” for “section 902(i), (k), (l), (n), or (r) of the Federal Aviation Act of 1958 (49 App. U.S.C. 1472(i), (k), (l), (n), or (r))”.
Section applicable to any pending case or any cause of action arising on or after 4 years before Oct. 29, 1992, see section 1003(c) ofPub. L. 102–572, set out as a note under section
2331 of this title.
Special Rule Relating to Certain Acts of International Terrorism
Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title XII, § 1251(c),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2017, provided that: “Notwithstanding section
2335 of title
18, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), a civil action under section 2333 of such title resulting from an act of international terrorism that occurred on or after September 11, 2001, and before the date that is 4 years before the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 2, 2013], may be maintained if the civil action is commenced during the 6-year period beginning on such date of enactment.”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.