18 U.S. Code § 2343 - Recordkeeping, reporting, and inspection
(a) Any person who ships, sells, or distributes any quantity of cigarettes in excess of 10,000, or any quantity of smokeless tobacco in excess of 500 single-unit consumer-sized cans or packages, in a single transaction shall maintain such information about the shipment, receipt, sale, and distribution of cigarettes as the Attorney General may prescribe by rule or regulation. The Attorney General may require such person to keep such information as the Attorney General considers appropriate for purposes of enforcement of this chapter, including—
(1) the name, address, destination (including street address), vehicle license number, driver’s license number, signature of the person receiving such cigarettes, and the name of the purchaser;
(2) a declaration of the specific purpose of the receipt (personal use, resale, or delivery to another); and
(3) a declaration of the name and address of the recipient’s principal in all cases when the recipient is acting as an agent.
Such information shall be contained on business records kept in the normal course of business.
(b) Any person, except for a tribal government, who engages in a delivery sale, and who ships, sells, or distributes any quantity in excess of 10,000 cigarettes, or any quantity in excess of 500 single-unit consumer-sized cans or packages of smokeless tobacco, or their equivalent, within a single month, shall submit to the Attorney General, pursuant to rules or regulations prescribed by the Attorney General, a report that sets forth the following:
(1) The person’s beginning and ending inventory of cigarettes and cans or packages of smokeless tobacco (in total) for such month.
(2) The total quantity of cigarettes and cans or packages of smokeless tobacco that the person received within such month from each other person (itemized by name and address).
(1) Any officer of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives may, during normal business hours, enter the premises of any person described in subsection (a) or (b) for the purposes of inspecting—
(2) The district courts of the United States shall have the authority in a civil action under this subsection to compel inspections authorized by paragraph (1).
(d) Any report required to be submitted under this chapter to the Attorney General shall also be submitted to the Secretary of the Treasury and to the attorneys general and the tax administrators of the States from where the shipments, deliveries, or distributions both originated and concluded.
(e) In this section, the term “delivery sale” means any sale of cigarettes or smokeless tobacco in interstate commerce to a consumer if—
(1) the consumer submits the order for such sale by means of a telephone or other method of voice transmission, the mails, or the Internet or other online service, or by any other means where the consumer is not in the same physical location as the seller when the purchase or offer of sale is made; or
Source(Added Pub. L. 95–575, § 1,Nov. 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 2464; amended Pub. L. 107–296, title XI, § 1112(i)(2),Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2277; Pub. L. 109–177, title I, § 121(a)(3), (b)(3), (c), (g)(1),Mar. 9, 2006, 120 Stat. 221, 222, 224; Pub. L. 111–154, § 4,Mar. 31, 2010, 124 Stat. 1109.)
2010—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 111–154amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: “Upon the consent of any person who ships, sells, or distributes any quantity of cigarettes in excess of 10,000 in a single transaction, or pursuant to a duly issued search warrant, the Attorney General may enter the premises (including places of storage) of such person for the purpose of inspecting any records or information required to be maintained by such person under this chapter, and any cigarettes kept or stored by such person at such premises.”
2006—Pub. L. 109–177, § 121(g)(1), substituted “Recordkeeping, reporting, and inspection” for “Recordkeeping and inspection” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–177, § 121(a)(3)(A), (b)(3), (c)(1), in introductory provisions, substituted “10,000, or any quantity of smokeless tobacco in excess of 500 single-unit consumer-sized cans or packages,” for “60,000” and “such information as the Attorney General considers appropriate for purposes of enforcement of this chapter, including—” for “only—” and, in concluding provisions, struck out “Nothing contained herein shall authorize the Attorney General to require reporting under this section.” at end.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–177, § 121(c)(3), added subsec. (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (c).
Pub. L. 109–177, § 121(a)(3)(B), substituted “10,000” for “60,000”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–177, § 121(c)(2), redesignatedsubsec. (b) as (c).
Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 109–177, § 121(c)(4), added subsecs. (d) to (f).
2002—Pub. L. 107–296substituted “Attorney General” for “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296effective 60 days after Nov. 25, 2002, see section 4 ofPub. L. 107–296, set out as an Effective Date note under section 101 of Title 6, Domestic Security.
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