(a)Whoever, with intent to interfere with, impair, or influence the loyalty, morale, or discipline of the military or naval forces of the United States:
(1)advises, counsels, urges, or in any manner causes or attempts to cause insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the military or naval forces of the United States; or
(2)distributes or attempts to distribute any written or printed matter which advises, counsels, or urges insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the military or naval forces of the United States—
Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both, and shall be ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five years next following his conviction.
(b)For the purposes of this section, the term “military or naval forces of the United States” includes the Army of the United States, the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, and Coast Guard Reserve of the United States; and, when any merchant vessel is commissioned in the Navy or is in the service of the Army or the Navy, includes the master, officers, and crew of such vessel.
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 9,
13 (June 28, 1940, ch. 439, title I, §§ 1,
5,54 Stat. 670, 671).
Section consolidates sections
13 of title
18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with only such changes of phraseology as were necessary to effect consolidation.
The revised section extends the provisions so as to include the Coast Guard Reserve in its coverage.
Words “upon conviction thereof” were omitted as unnecessary, as punishment cannot be imposed until conviction is secured.
Reference to conspiracy to commit any of the prohibited acts was omitted as covered by the general law incorporated in section
371 of this title. (See reviser’s note under that section.)
Minor changes were made in arrangement and phraseology.
This section [section
46] inserts the words, “Air Force,” in subsection (b) ofsection
2387 of title 18, U.S.C., in view of the establishment in 1947 of this separate branch of the armed services.
2006—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 109–163substituted “Navy Reserve” for “Naval Reserve”.
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–322substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $10,000” in last par.
1949—Subsec. (b). Act May 24, 1949, made section applicable to the Air Force.
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of authorities, functions, personnel, and assets of the Coast Guard, including the authorities and functions of the Secretary of Transportation relating thereto, to the Department of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections
557 of Title
6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section
542 of Title
Coast Guard transferred to Department of Transportation and functions, powers, and duties, relating to Coast Guard, of Secretary of the Treasury and of other offices and officers of Department of the Treasury transferred to Secretary of Transportation by Pub. L. 89–670, Oct. 15, 1966, 80 Stat. 931, which created Department of Transportation. See section
108 of Title
Functions of all officers of Department of the Treasury and functions of all agencies and employees of such Department transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Treasury, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or performance of any of his functions, by any of such officers, agencies, and employees, by Reorg. Plan No. 26, of 1950, §§ 1,
2, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F.R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Such plan excepted from transfer functions of Coast Guard and Commandant thereof when Coast Guard is operating as a part of the Navy under section
3 of Title
14, Coast Guard.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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