(1)In a criminal proceeding in a court of the United States, a foreign record of regularly conducted activity, or a copy of such record, shall not be excluded as evidence by the hearsay rule if a foreign certification attests that—
(A)such record was made, at or near the time of the occurrence of the matters set forth, by (or from information transmitted by) a person with knowledge of those matters;
(B)such record was kept in the course of a regularly conducted business activity;
(C)the business activity made such a record as a regular practice; and
(D)if such record is not the original, such record is a duplicate of the original;
unless the source of information or the method or circumstances of preparation indicate lack of trustworthiness.
(2)A foreign certification under this section shall authenticate such record or duplicate.
(b)At the arraignment or as soon after the arraignment as practicable, a party intending to offer in evidence under this section a foreign record of regularly conducted activity shall provide written notice of that intention to each other party. A motion opposing admission in evidence of such record shall be made by the opposing party and determined by the court before trial. Failure by a party to file such motion before trial shall constitute a waiver of objection to such record or duplicate, but the court for cause shown may grant relief from the waiver.
(c)As used in this section, the term—
(1)“foreign record of regularly conducted activity” means a memorandum, report, record, or data compilation, in any form, of acts, events, conditions, opinions, or diagnoses, maintained in a foreign country;
(2)“foreign certification” means a written declaration made and signed in a foreign country by the custodian of a foreign record of regularly conducted activity or another qualified person that, if falsely made, would subject the maker to criminal penalty under the laws of that country; and
(3)“business” includes business, institution, association, profession, occupation, and calling of every kind, whether or not conducted for profit.
Section 1220 of part K (§§ 1217–1220) of chapter XII of title II of Pub. L. 98–473provided that: “This part and the amendments made by this part [enacting this section and sections
3507 of this title and amending section
3161 of this title] shall take effect thirty days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 12, 1984].”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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