Whoever, in aid of any foreign government, knowingly and willfully possesses or controls any property or papers used or designed or intended for use in violating any penal statute, or any of the rights or obligations of the United States under any treaty or the law of nations, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both.
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed. § 98 (June 15, 1917, ch. 30, title XI, § 22,40 Stat. 230; Mar. 28, 1940, ch. 72, § 8,54 Stat. 80).
Definition of “foreign government” was omitted and is incorporated in section
11 of this title.
Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative.
Minor changes were made in phraseology.
1994—Pub. L. 103–322substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $1,000”.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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