(a)During a war in which the United States is a neutral nation, the President, or any person authorized by him, may withhold clearance from or to any vessel, domestic or foreign, or, by service of formal notice upon the owner, master, or person in command or in charge of any domestic vessel not required to secure clearances, may forbid its departure from port or from the United States, whenever there is reasonable cause to believe that such vessel is about to carry fuel, arms, ammunition, men, supplies, dispatches, or information to any warship, tender, or supply ship of a foreign belligerent nation in violation of the laws, treaties, or obligations of the United States under the law of nations. It shall thereupon be unlawful for such vessel to depart.
(b)Whoever, in violation of this section, takes or attempts to take, or authorizes the taking of any such vessel, out of port or from the United States, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both. In addition, such vessel, her tackle, apparel, furniture, equipment, and her cargo shall be forfeited to the United States.
Based on title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 31,
36 (June 15, 1917, ch. 30, title V, §§ 1,
6,40 Stat. 221, 222; Mar. 28, 1940, ch. 72, § 5,54 Stat. 79).
Section consolidates said sections of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with minor changes in translations and phraseology.
Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative.
The conspiracy provision of said section
36 was omitted as covered by section
371 of this title. See reviser’s note under that section.
Changes in phraseology were also made.
1994—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 103–322substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $10,000”.
Delegation of Functions
For delegation to Secretary of Homeland Security of authority vested in President by this section, see section 1(m) of Ex. Ord. No. 10637, Sept. 16, 1955, 20 F.R. 7025, as amended, set out as a note under section
301 of Title
3, The President.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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