18a U.S. Code Federal -

(As amended to January 15, 2013)  
Historical Note

The original Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure were adopted by order of the Supreme Court on Dec. 26, 1944, transmitted to Congress by the Attorney General on Jan. 3, 1945, and became effective on Mar. 21, 1946.
The Rules have been amended Dec. 27, 1948, eff. Jan. 1, 1949; Dec. 27, 1948, eff. Oct. 20, 1949; Apr. 12, 1954, eff. July 1, 1954; Apr. 9, 1956, eff. July 8, 1956; Feb. 28, 1966, eff. July 1, 1966; Dec. 4, 1967, eff. July 1, 1968; Mar. 1, 1971, eff. July 1, 1971; Apr. 24, 1972, eff. Oct. 1, 1972; Nov. 20, 1972, eff. July 1, 1975, pursuant to Pub. L. 93–595; Mar. 18, 1974, eff. July 1, 1974; Apr. 22, 1974, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1975, and Dec. 1, 1975, pursuant to Pub. L. 93–361and Pub. L. 94–64; Dec. 12, 1975, Pub. L. 94–149, § 5, 89 Stat. 806; Apr. 26, 1976, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1976, and Oct. 1, 1977, pursuant to Pub. L. 94–349and Pub. L. 95–78; Apr. 30, 1979, eff. in part Aug. 1, 1979, and Dec. 1, 1980, pursuant to Pub. L. 96–42; Apr. 28, 1982, eff. Aug. 1, 1982; Oct. 12, 1982, Pub. L. 97–291, § 3, 96 Stat. 1249; Apr. 28, 1983, eff. Aug. 1, 1983; Oct. 12, 1984, Pub. L. 98–473, title II, §§ 209, 215, 404, 98 Stat. 1986, 2014, 2067; Oct. 30, 1984, Pub. L. 98–596, § 11(a), (b), 98 Stat. 3138; Apr. 29, 1985, eff. Aug. 1, 1985; Oct. 27, 1986, Pub. L. 99–570, title I, § 1009(a), 100 Stat. 3207–8; Nov. 10, 1986, Pub. L. 99–646, §§ 12(b), 24, 25 (a), 54 (a), 100 Stat. 3594, 3597, 3607; Mar. 9, 1987, eff. Aug. 1, 1987; Apr. 25, 1988, eff. Aug. 1, 1988; Nov. 18, 1988, Pub. L. 100–690, title VI, § 6483, title VII, §§ 7076, 7089(c),102 Stat. 4382, 4406, 4409; Apr. 25, 1989, eff. Dec. 1, 1989; May 1, 1990, eff. Dec. 1, 1990; Apr. 30, 1991, eff. Dec. 1, 1991; Apr. 22, 1993, eff. Dec. 1, 1993; Apr. 29, 1994, eff. Dec. 1, 1994; Sept. 13, 1994, Pub. L. 103–322, title XXIII, § 230101(b), title XXXIII, § 330003(h),108 Stat. 2078, 2141; Apr. 27, 1995, eff. Dec. 1, 1995; Apr. 23, 1996, eff. Dec. 1, 1996; Apr. 24, 1996, Pub. L. 104–132, title II, § 207(a), 110 Stat. 1236; Apr. 11, 1997, eff. Dec. 1, 1997; Apr. 24, 1998, eff. Dec. 1, 1998; Apr. 26, 1999, eff. Dec. 1, 1999; Apr. 17, 2000, eff. Dec. 1, 2000; Oct. 26, 2001, Pub. L. 107–56, title II, §§ 203(a), 219, 115 Stat. 278, 291; Apr. 29, 2002, eff. Dec. 1, 2002; Nov. 2, 2002, Pub. L. 107–273, div. C, title I, § 11019(b),116 Stat. 1825; Nov. 25, 2002, Pub. L. 107–296, title VIII, § 895, 116 Stat. 2256; Apr. 30, 2003, Pub. L. 108–21, title VI, § 610(b), 117 Stat. 692; Apr. 26, 2004, eff. Dec. 1, 2004; Pub. L. 108–458, title VI, § 6501(a),Dec. 17, 2004, 118 Stat. 3760; Apr. 25, 2005, eff. Dec. 1, 2005; Apr. 12, 2006, eff. Dec. 1, 2006; Apr. 30, 2007, eff. Dec. 1, 2007; Apr. 23, 2008, eff. Dec. 1, 2008; Mar. 26, 2009, eff. Dec. 1, 2009; Apr. 28, 2010, eff. Dec. 1, 2010; Apr. 26, 2011, eff. Dec. 1, 2011; Apr. 23, 2012, eff. Dec. 1, 2012.
TITLE I. APPLICABILITY Rule 1. Scope; Definitions. 2. Interpretation. TITLE II. PRELIMINARY PROCEEDINGS 3. The Complaint. 4. Arrest Warrant or Summons on a Complaint. 4.1. Complaint, Warrant, or Summons by Telephone or Other Reliable Electronic Means. 5. Initial Appearance. 5.1. Preliminary Hearing. TITLE III. THE GRAND JURY, THE INDICTMENT, AND THE INFORMATION 6. The Grand Jury. 7. The Indictment and the Information. 8. Joinder of Offenses or Defendants. 9. Arrest Warrant or Summons on an Indictment or Information. TITLE IV. ARRAIGNMENT AND PREPARATION FOR TRIAL 10. Arraignment. 11. Pleas. 12. Pleadings and Pretrial Motions. 12.1. Notice of an Alibi Defense. 12.2. Notice of an Insanity Defense; Mental Examination. 12.3. Notice of a Public-Authority Defense. 12.4. Disclosure Statement. 13. Joint Trial of Separate Cases. 14. Relief from Prejudicial Joinder. 15. Depositions. 16. Discovery and Inspection. 17. Subpoena. 17.1. Pretrial Conference. TITLE V. VENUE 18. Place of Prosecution and Trial. 19. (Reserved). 20. Transfer for Plea and Sentence. 21. Transfer for Trial. 22. (Transferred). TITLE VI. TRIAL 23. Jury or Nonjury Trial. 24. Trial Jurors. 25. Judge’s Disability. 26. Taking Testimony. 26.1. Foreign Law Determination. 26.2. Producing a Witness’s Statement. 26.3. Mistrial. 27. Proving an Official Record. 28. Interpreters. 29. Motion for a Judgment of Acquittal. 29.1. Closing Argument. 30. Jury Instructions. 31. Jury Verdict. TITLE VII. POST-CONVICTION PROCEDURES 32. Sentencing and Judgment. 32.1. Revoking or Modifying Probation or Supervised Release. 32.2. Criminal Forfeiture. 33. New Trial. 34. Arresting Judgment. 35. Correcting or Reducing a Sentence. 36. Clerical Error. 37. Indicative Ruling on a Motion for Relief That Is Barred by a Pending Appeal. 38. Staying a Sentence or a Disability. 39. (Reserved). TITLE VIII. SUPPLEMENTARY AND SPECIAL PROCEEDINGS 40. Arrest for Failing to Appear in Another District or for Violating Conditions of Release Set in Another District. 41. Search and Seizure. 42. Criminal Contempt. TITLE IX. GENERAL PROVISIONS 43. Defendant’s Presence. 44. Right to and Appointment of Counsel. 45. Computing and Extending Time. 46. Release from Custody; Supervising Detention. 47. Motions and Supporting Affadavits. 48. Dismissal. 49. Serving and Filing Papers. 49.1. Privacy Protection For Filings Made with the Court. 50. Prompt Disposition. 51. Preserving Claimed Error. 52. Harmless and Plain Error. 53. Courtroom Photographing and Broadcasting Prohibited. 54. (Transferred). 55. Records. 56. When Court Is Open. 57. District Court Rules. 58. Petty Offenses and Other Misdemeanors. 59. Matters Before a Magistrate Judge. 60. Victim’s Rights. 61. Title.

 

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