Sec. [591. Repealed.] 592. Troops at polls. 593. Interference by armed forces. 594. Intimidation of voters. 595. Interference by administrative employees of Federal, State, or Territorial Governments. 596. Polling armed forces. 597. Expenditures to influence voting. 598. Coercion by means of relief appropriations. 599. Promise of appointment by candidate. 600. Promise of employment or other benefit for political activity. 601. Deprivation of employment or other benefit for political contribution. 602. Solicitation of political contributions. 603. Making political contributions. 604. Solicitation from persons on relief. 605. Disclosure of names of persons on relief. 606. Intimidation to secure political contributions. 607. Place of solicitation. 608. Absent uniformed services voters and overseas voters. 609. Use of military authority to influence vote of member of Armed Forces. 610. Coercion of political activity. 611. Voting by aliens. [612 to 617. Repealed.]
Senate Revision Amendment

By Senate amendment, item 610 was changed to read, “610. Contributions or expenditures by national banks, corporations, or labor organizations”. See Senate Report No. 1620, amendment Nos. 4 and 5, 80th Cong.

1996—Pub. L. 104–208, div. C, title II, § 216(b),Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–573, added item 611.
1993—Pub. L. 103–94, § 4(c)(2),Oct. 6, 1993, 107 Stat. 1005, added item 610.
1990—Pub. L. 101–647, title XXXV, § 3516,Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4923, substituted “Making political contributions” for “Place of solicitation” in item 603 and “Place of solicitation” for “Making political contributions” in item 607.
1986—Pub. L. 99–410, title II, § 202(b),Aug. 28, 1986, 100 Stat. 929, added items 608 and 609.
1980—Pub. L. 96–187, title II, § 201(a)(2),Jan. 8, 1980, 93 Stat. 1367, struck out item 591 “Definitions”.
1976—Pub. L. 94–453, § 2,Oct. 2, 1976, 90 Stat. 1517, substituted “political contribution” for “political activity” in item 601.
Pub. L. 94–283 title II, § 201(b),May 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 496, struck out items “608. Limitations on contributions and expenditures”, “610. Contributions or expenditures by national banks, corporations or labor organizations”, “611. Contributions by Government contractors”, “612. Publication or distribution of political statements”, “613. Contributions by foreign nationals”, “614. Prohibition of contributions in name of another”, “615. Limitation on contributions of currency”, “616. Acceptance of excessive honorariums”, and “617. Fraudulent misrepresentation of campaign authority”.
1974—Pub. L. 93–443, title I, § 101(d)(4)(B), (f)(3),Oct. 15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1267, 1268, substituted “Contributions by foreign nationals” for “Contributions by agents of foreign principals” in item 613, and added items 614 to 617.
1972—Pub. L. 92–225, title II, § 207,Feb. 7, 1972, 86 Stat. 11, substituted “contributions and expenditures” for “political contributions and purchases” in item 608, “Repealed” for “Maximum contributions and expenditures” in item 609, and “Government contractors” for “firms or individuals contracting with the United States” in item 611.
1966—Pub. L. 89–486, § 8(c)(1),July 4, 1966, 80 Stat. 249, added item 613.
State Laws Affected; Definitions

Pub. L. 93–443, title I, § 104,Oct. 15, 1974, 88 Stat. 1272, provided that:
“(a) The provisions of chapter 29 of title 18, United States Code, relating to elections and political activities, supersede and preempt any provision of State law with respect to election to Federal office.
“(b) For purposes of this section, the terms ‘election’, ‘Federal office’, and ‘State’ have the meanings given them by section 591 of title 18, United States Code.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for the contained sections. If there are multiple sections, they are presented in section number order (original document order).

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

18 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.