19 U.S. Code § 1485 - Declaration

(a) Requirement; form and contents
Every importer of record making an entry under the provisions of section 1484 of this title shall make and file or transmit electronically therewith, in a form and manner to be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, a declaration under oath, stating—
(1) Whether the merchandise is imported in pursuance of a purchase or an agreement to purchase, or whether it is imported otherwise than in pursuance of a purchase or agreement to purchase;
(2) That the prices set forth in the invoice are true, in the case of merchandise purchased or agreed to be purchased; or in the case of merchandise secured otherwise than by purchase or agreement to purchase, that the statements in such invoice as to value or price are true to the best of his knowledge and belief;
(3) That all other statements in the invoice or other documents filed with the entry, or in the entry itself, are true and correct; and
(4) That he will produce at once to the appropriate customs officer any invoice, paper, letter, document, or information received showing that any such prices or statements are not true or correct.
(b) Books and periodicals
The Secretary of the Treasury is authorized to prescribe regulations for one declaration in the case of books, magazines, newspapers, and periodicals published and imported in successive parts, numbers, or volumes, and entitled to free entry.
(c) Agents
In the event that an entry is made by an agent under the provisions of section 1484 of this title and such agent is not in possession of such declaration of the importer of record, such agent shall give a bond to produce such declaration.
(d) Liability of importer of record for increased duties
An importer of record shall not be liable for any additional or increased duties if
(1) he declares at the time of entry that he is not the actual owner of the merchandise,
(2) he furnishes the name and address of such owner, and
(3) within ninety days from the date of entry he produces a declaration of such owner conditioned that he will pay all additional and increased duties, under such regulations as the Secretary of the Treasury may prescribe. Such owner shall possess all the rights of an importer of record.
(e) Separate forms for purchase and nonpurchase importations
The Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe separate forms for the declaration in the case of merchandise which is imported in pursuance of a purchase or agreement to purchase and merchandise which is imported otherwise than in pursuance of a purchase or agreement to purchase.
(f) Deceased or insolvent persons; partnerships and corporations
Whenever such merchandise is consigned to a deceased person, or to an insolvent person who has assigned the same for the benefit of his creditors, the executor or administrator, or the assignee of such person or trustee in a case under title 11, shall be considered as the importer of record; when consigned to a partnership the declaration of one of the partners only shall be required, and when consigned to a corporation such declaration may be made by any officer of such corporation. Whether the importer of record is an individual, a partnership, or a corporation, the declaration may be made by any person who has knowledge of the facts and who is specifically authorized by such individual, a member of such partnership, or an officer of such corporation to make such declaration.
(g) Exported merchandise returned as undeliverable
With respect to any importation of merchandise to which General Headnote 4(e) of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States applies, any person who gained any benefit from, or met any obligation to, the United States as a result of the prior exportation of such merchandise shall, in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary, within a reasonable time inform the Customs Service of the return of the merchandise.

Source

(June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title IV, § 485,46 Stat. 724; June 25, 1938, ch. 679, § 13,52 Stat. 1083; Pub. L. 91–271, title III, § 301(b),June 2, 1970, 84 Stat. 287; Pub. L. 95–598, title III, § 315,Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2678; Pub. L. 97–446, title II, § 201(e),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2350; Pub. L. 103–182, title VI, § 657,Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2212.)
References in Text

The Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States, referred to in subsec. (g), is not set out in the Code. See Publication of Harmonized Tariff Schedule note set out under section 1202 of this title.
Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 485,42 Stat. 961. That section was superseded by section 485 of act June 17, 1930, comprising this section, and repealed by section 651(a)(1) of the 1930 act.
Prior provisions for a declaration to be filed when merchandise was entered by invoice, were contained in the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, § 5,26 Stat. 132, as amended by the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 95, and by act Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § III, F, 38 Stat. 182. The sections of the acts of 1890 and 1913, referred to, were repealed by act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 643,42 Stat. 989.
R.S. § 2786, requiring entries to be verified by oath, was superseded by the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, §§ 4, 5, 22,26 Stat. 131, 132, 140, amended by the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 92, 102, and further amended by the Underwood Tariff Act of Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § III, E, F, and section IV, S, of that act, prior to repeal by act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 642,42 Stat. 989.
R.S. § 2841 prescribed the forms of oaths of which one, according to the nature of the case, was required to be administered by the collector at the time of the entry of merchandise by invoice. It was modified by act May 1, 1876, ch. 89, § 2,19 Stat. 49, and repealed by the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, § 29,26 Stat. 141, amended and reenacted by the Payne-Aldrich Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 104, and declarations in lieu of oaths were required to accompany the invoice by section 5 of the Customs Administrative Act, amended by the Payne-Aldrich Act and further amended by the Underwood Tariff Act of Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § III, F. All oaths administered by officers of the customs, except as provided in the Customs Administrative Act, were abolished by section 22 thereof amended by section 28 of the Payne-Aldrich Act.
The provisions for the abolition of fees and oaths on entry of goods, made by the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, § 22,26 Stat. 140, as amended by the Payne-Aldrich Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 102, were superseded by a proviso annexed to section IV, S, of the Underwood Tariff Act of Oct. 3, 1913, which provided that “nothing in this act shall be construed to permit any oaths to be demanded or fees to be charged except as provided in this act,” etc.
Act May 1, 1876, ch. 89, § 2,19 Stat. 49, modifying the form of oath prescribed by R.S. § 2841, was repealed by act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 643,42 Stat. 989.
R.S. § 2849, relative to oaths when merchandise belonged in part to a resident of the United States and in part to a non-resident was superseded in part by the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, §§ 5, 22, 29,26 Stat. 132, 140, 141, amended by the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 92, 102, 104, and further amended by the Underwood Tariff Act of Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § III, B–J, and was repealed by act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 642,42 Stat. 989.
Prior provisions requiring a bond to be taken when entry was made by an agent, factor, or person other than the owner or ultimate consignee, and prescribing the conditions, etc., of the bond, and the circumstances under which it might be canceled with a proviso authorizing the taking of a general penal bond, were contained in R.S. § 2787, as amended by act Mar. 2, 1905, ch. 1306, 33 Stat. 826, which was repealed by act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 642,42 Stat. 989.
Provisions concerning the statement to be presented to the collector when merchandise entered for customs duty had been consigned for sale to a person, agent, partner, or consignee, were contained in act Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § III, J, 38 Stat. 185, which reenacted the provisions of the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, 26 Stat. 131, and the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 96, and which was repealed by act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 643,42 Stat. 989.
A prior provision relative to oaths to invoices when merchandise belonged to estates of deceased persons or of persons insolvent was contained in R.S. § 2846, which was superseded, in part, by the abolition of all oaths administered by officers of the customs, except as provided therein, by the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, § 22,26 Stat. 140, and by the repeal, by section 29 of that act, 26 Stat. 141, of R.S. §§ 2841, 2843, 2845, which required oaths to accompany invoices on entry of merchandise, and the substitution of declarations for such oaths, by sections 3–5 of said act, 26 Stat. 131, amended by the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 102, and further amended by the Underwood Tariff Act of Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § III, D, F, and § IV, S, 38 Stat. 181.
Amendments

1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–182, § 657(1), in introductory provisions, inserted “or transmit electronically” after “file” and “and manner” after “form”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–182, § 657(2), substituted “An importer” for “A importer” and “an importer” for “a importer”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 103–182, § 657(3), added subsec. (g).
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–446substituted “importer of record” for “consignee” before “making an entry”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–446substituted “importer of record” for “consignee” after “declaration of the”.
Subsecs. (d), (f). Pub. L. 97–446substituted “importer of record” for “consignee” wherever appearing.
1978—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 95–598substituted “trustee in a case under title 11” for “receiver or trustee in bankruptcy”.
1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–271substituted reference to appropriate customs officer for reference to collector.
1938—Subsec. (f). Act June 25, 1938, changed the comma to a period after “such declaration may be made by any officer of such corporation”, struck out “or by any other person specifically authorized by any officer of such corporation to make the same” after said comma, and inserted in lieu thereof a new sentence providing that whether the consignee is an individual, a partnership, or a corporation, the declaration may be made by any person having knowledge of the facts and authorized to make such declaration.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–446applicable with respect to merchandise entered on and after 30th day after Jan. 12, 1983, see section 201(g) ofPub. L. 97–446, set out as a note under section 1484 of this title.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–598effective Oct. 1, 1979, see section 402(a) ofPub. L. 95–598, set out as an Effective Date note preceding section 101 of Title 11, Bankruptcy.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 91–271, see section 203 ofPub. L. 91–271, set out as a note under section 1500 of this title.
Effective Date of 1938 Amendment

Amendment by act June 25, 1938, effective on thirtieth day following June 25, 1938, except as otherwise specifically provided, see section 37 of act June 25, 1938, set out as a note under section 1401 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203 (1), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

19 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


19 CFR - Customs Duties

19 CFR Part 127 - GENERAL ORDER, UNCLAIMED, AND ABANDONED MERCHANDISE

19 CFR Part 141 - ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE

19 CFR Part 145 - MAIL IMPORTATIONS

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.