19 U.S. Code § 1505 - Payment of duties and fees

(a) Deposit of estimated duties and fees
Unless the entry is subject to a periodic payment referred to in this subsection or the merchandise is entered for warehouse or transportation, or under bond, the importer of record shall deposit with the Customs Service at the time of entry, or at such later time as the Secretary may prescribe by regulation (but not later than 12 working days after entry or release) the amount of duties and fees estimated to be payable on such merchandise. As soon as a periodic payment module of the Automated Commercial Environment is developed, but no later than October 1, 2004, the Secretary shall promulgate regulations, after testing the module, permitting a participating importer of record to deposit estimated duties and fees for entries of merchandise, other than merchandise entered for warehouse, transportation, or under bond, no later than the 15 working days following the month in which the merchandise is entered or released, whichever comes first.
(b) Collection or refund of duties, fees, and interest due upon liquidation or reliquidation
The Customs Service shall collect any increased or additional duties and fees due, together with interest thereon, or refund any excess moneys deposited, together with interest thereon, as determined on a liquidation or reliquidation. Duties, fees, and interest determined to be due upon liquidation or reliquidation are due 30 days after issuance of the bill for such payment. Refunds of excess moneys deposited, together with interest thereon, shall be paid within 30 days of liquidation or reliquidation.
(c) Interest
Interest assessed due to an underpayment of duties, fees, or interest shall accrue, at a rate determined by the Secretary, from the date the importer of record is required to deposit estimated duties, fees, and interest to the date of liquidation or reliquidation of the applicable entry or reconciliation. Interest on excess moneys deposited shall accrue, at a rate determined by the Secretary, from the date the importer of record deposits estimated duties, fees, and interest or, in a case in which a claim is made under section 1520 (d) of this title, from the date on which such claim is made, to the date of liquidation or reliquidation of the applicable entry or reconciliation. The Secretary may prescribe an alternative mid-point interest accounting methodology, which may be employed by the importer, based upon aggregate data in lieu of accounting for such interest from each deposit data provided in this subsection.
(d) Delinquency
If duties, fees, and interest determined to be due or refunded are not paid in full within the 30-day period specified in subsection (b) of this section, any unpaid balance shall be considered delinquent and bear interest by 30-day periods, at a rate determined by the Secretary, from the date of liquidation or reliquidation until the full balance is paid. No interest shall accrue during the 30-day period in which payment is actually made.

Source

(June 17, 1930, ch. 497, title IV, § 505,46 Stat. 732; Pub. L. 91–271, title II, § 204(c),June 2, 1970, 84 Stat. 283; Pub. L. 95–410, title I, § 103,Oct. 3, 1978, 92 Stat. 889; Pub. L. 97–446, title II, § 201(e),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2350; Pub. L. 98–573, title II, § 210(a),Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2977; Pub. L. 103–182, title VI, § 642(a),Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2205; Pub. L. 104–295, § 2(a),Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3515; Pub. L. 106–36, title II, § 2418(e),June 25, 1999, 113 Stat. 177; Pub. L. 106–476, title I, § 1451,Nov. 9, 2000, 114 Stat. 2167; Pub. L. 107–210, div. A, title III, § 383,Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 992; Pub. L. 108–429, title II, § 2004(c),Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2592.)
Prior Provisions

Provisions similar to those in this section were contained in act Sept. 21, 1922, ch. 356, title IV, § 504,42 Stat. 967. That section was superseded by section 505 of act June 17, 1930, comprising this section, and repealed by section 651(a)(1) of the 1930 act.
A prior provision that the collector or person acting as such should ascertain, fix, and liquidate the rate and amount of duties, and the dutiable costs and charges, was contained in act Oct. 3, 1913, ch. 16, § III, M, 38 Stat. 186, the provisions of which were substituted for provisions of the same nature contained in the Customs Administrative Act of June 10, 1890, ch. 407, § 13,26 Stat. 136, as amended by the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act of Aug. 5, 1909, ch. 6, § 28,36 Stat. 99.
Amendments

2004—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 108–429, in first sentence, inserted “referred to in this subsection” after “subject to a periodic payment” and substituted “12 working days” for “10 working days” and, in second sentence, substituted “the Secretary shall promulgate regulations, after testing the module, permitting a participating importer of record to deposit estimated duties and fees for entries of merchandise, other than merchandise entered for warehouse, transportation, or under bond, no later than the 15 working days following the month in which the merchandise is entered or released, whichever comes first” for “a participating importer of record, or the importer’s filer, may deposit estimated duties and fees for entries of merchandise no later than the 15th day of the month following the month in which the merchandise is entered or released, whichever comes first”.
2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–210amended heading and text of subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Unless merchandise is entered for warehouse or transportation, or under bond, the importer of record shall deposit with the Customs Service at the time of making entry, or at such later time as the Secretary may prescribe by regulation, the amount of duties and fees estimated to be payable thereon. Such regulations may provide that estimated duties and fees shall be deposited before or at the time an import activity summary statement is filed. If an import activity summary statement is filed, the estimated duties and fees shall be deposited together with interest, at a rate determined by the Secretary, accruing from the first date of the month the statement is required to be filed until the date such statement is actually filed.”
2000—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–476substituted “The Secretary may prescribe” for “For the period beginning on October 1, 1998, and ending on the date on which the ‘Revised National Customs Automation Test Regarding Reconciliation’ of the Customs Service is terminated, or October 1, 2000, whichever occurs earlier, the Secretary may prescribe” in last sentence.
1999—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–36inserted at end “For the period beginning on October 1, 1998, and ending on the date on which the ‘Revised National Customs Automation Test Regarding Reconciliation’ of the Customs Service is terminated, or October 1, 2000, whichever occurs earlier, the Secretary may prescribe an alternative mid-point interest accounting methodology, which may be employed by the importer, based upon aggregate data in lieu of accounting for such interest from each deposit data provided in this subsection.”
1996—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–295inserted “or, in a case in which a claim is made under section 1520 (d) of this title, from the date on which such claim is made,” after “deposits estimated duties, fees, and interest”.
1993—Pub. L. 103–182amended section generally, substituting provisions relating to deposit, collection or refund of duties, fees, and interest for provisions relating to deposit, collection, or refund of duties and interest.
1984—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–573added subsec. (c).
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–446substituted “importer of record” for “consignee” before “shall deposit”.
1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–410authorized deposit of estimated duties to be made as prescribed by regulations after time of making entry but not later than thirty days after date of entry.
1970—Pub. L. 91–271reorganized existing provisions into subsecs. (a) and (b), and struck out provisions authorizing receipt by a collector of various reports and the performance of certain functions in connection with the liquidation of an entry.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–210applicable to petitions for certification filed under part 2 or 3 of subchapter II of chapter 12 of this title on or after the date that is 90 days after Aug. 6, 2002, except as otherwise provided, see section 151 ofPub. L. 107–210, set out as a note preceding section 2271 of this title.
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–476, except as otherwise provided, applicable with respect to goods entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption, on or after the 15th day after Nov. 9, 2000, see section 1471 ofPub. L. 106–476, set out as a note under section 58c of this title.
Effective Date of 1999 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–36effective 30 days after June 25, 1999, see section 2418(f) ofPub. L. 106–36, set out as a note under section 58c of this title.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–295, § 2(b),Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3515, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to claims made pursuant to section 520(d) of the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1520 (d)) on or after June 7, 1996.”
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–573effective on 30th day after Oct. 30, 1984, see section 214(c)(5)(A) ofPub. L. 98–573, set out as a note under section 1304 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–446applicable with respect to merchandise entered on and after 30th day after Jan. 12, 1983, see section 201(g) ofPub. L. 97–446, set out as a note under section 1484 of this title.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 91–271, see section 203 ofPub. L. 91–271, set out as a note under section 1500 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203 (1), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.

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19 CFR - Customs Duties

19 CFR Part 4 - VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES

19 CFR Part 24 - CUSTOMS FINANCIAL AND ACCOUNTING PROCEDURE

19 CFR Part 141 - ENTRY OF MERCHANDISE

19 CFR Part 159 - LIQUIDATION OF DUTIES

 

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