The Secretary may by regulation authorize customs officers to exchange information or documents with foreign customs and law enforcement agencies if the Secretary reasonably believes the exchange of information is necessary to—
(1)insure compliance with any law or regulation enforced or administered by the Customs Service;
(2)administer or enforce multilateral or bilateral agreements to which the United States is a party;
(3)assist in investigative, judicial and quasi-judicial proceedings in the United States; and
(4)an action comparable to any of those described in paragraphs (1) through (4)  undertaken by a foreign customs or law enforcement agency, or in relation to a proceeding in a foreign country.
(b) Nondisclosure and uses of information provided
(1)Information may be provided to foreign customs and law enforcement agencies under subsection (a) of this section only if the Secretary obtains assurances from such agencies that such information will be held in confidence and used only for the law enforcement purposes for which such information is provided to such agencies by the Secretary.
(2)No information may be provided under subsection (a) of this section to any foreign customs or law enforcement agency that has violated any assurances described in paragraph (1).
(c) Government agency of NAFTA country
The Secretary may authorize the Customs Service to exchange information with any government agency of a NAFTA country, as defined in section
3301(4) of this title, if the Secretary—
(1)reasonably believes the exchange of information is necessary to implement chapter 3, 4, or 5 of the North American Free Trade Agreement, and
(2)obtains assurances from such country that the information will be held in confidence and used only for governmental purposes.
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–182effective on the date the North American Free Trade Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States [Jan. 1, 1994], see section 213(b) ofPub. L. 103–182, set out as an Effective Date note under section
3331 of this title.
Transfer of Functions
For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections
557 of Title
6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section
542 of Title
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.